Monks know a thing or two about alcohol - no joke here. A Frenh Benedictine Pierre Perignon from Abbey of Hautvillers on August, 4, 1668 thought of adding carbon doxixe to grape juice. This was how a drink known to us as champagne emerged.
However the sparkling beverage's official birthday had yet to be awaited because back in the times a rare container suited the drink's bottling. Pressure inside a bottle equaled 6.3 kg per square centimeter which isalmost three times higher than in a car tire! Only as late as in 1800 a pharmacist - history retains a memory of him as of Francois de Chalone - invented modern solid bottle made of dark glass.
Speedof a cork flying out of the bottle is 14 meters per second with its hieght reaching 12 metrs.
Wire that holds a cork is called muselet and it has standard length of 52 cm.
A bottle contains about 200-250 million bubbles on average. It is exactly the ability to keep bubbling for ten hours after being uncorked that determines qualityof champagne to a large extent.
Experts recommend women not to drink champagne while wearing lipstick because it contains substances that stifle certain taste properties of the beverage.
Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, not only regulated lives of millions of people after World War I, but also regulated use of the word 'champagne'. In compliance with the agreement, it could only have been applied to wine produced in the province of Champagne. Nevertheless, in many countries, for instance, in USA and USSR, legislation had loopholes allowing producers to turn a blind eye to the rules.
According to sugar contents the beverage is divided into: brut (up to 0,3%), extra dry (3%), sec (5%), demi-sec (8%) and doux (10%). There are other kinds of 'extras'. Extra brut, for instance - no sugar is added to it at all.
It is hard to imagine car races without champagne and pedestals with its spraying. The first one to "congratulate" his opponents as well as broader public with finish this way was Dan Gurney. He won "24 Hours of Le Man" marathon in 1967... to get a bottle of our sparkling 'hero of the day' from orchestrators. Since then this tradition has been scrupulously observed even during competitions in Islamic countries - special alcohol-free fizzy drinks are made for the occasion.
Grapes for champagne production has to be either white (Chardonay) or red ( Pino noir or Pino Meunier ). It is customary to gather it when acidity level is higher than sweetness level. By the way, in the province of Champagne maximum allowed harvest constitutes 13 tons per hectar - it is forbidden to gather more for beverage production due to inevitable quality loss.
Foil that crowns a bottle's neck wasn't there in the first place to appear only in 19th century and its initial purpose wasn't beauty at all. It was aimed at scarying rats that used to scurry around vaults and drop bottles.
Hussars and movie heros liked and still like to impress ladies by opening a bottle with a sabre or by making a cork pop spectacularly. Nevertheless, should taste qualities be of more importance to you, our advice is not to follow their lead. Open a container as 'quite' as possible and the sparkling one won't lose carbon dioxide. It is considered to be really classy if the sound of an opening bottle reminds a whisper or an inhale. Make sure yourself!
There are so many things that Italy mixes in its cauldron: gondolas that travel along olive-green rivers, scorching sun that, like a juice, flows into the bottle of Pisa Tower, entwined spagetti of streets and crusts of squares covered in a mixture of Italian herbs and dialects. Also, it has ducks in its teasury. Oh yes, it is these creatures that allow you feel a flavor of genine national distinctive. And this ducktale is over thirty years old.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning, whether you need some vegetables, or even some extra litres of water!
Imagine a magnificent picture: in the middle of boundless waves, out of nowhere, before your eyes rises up an ancient mysterious castle - the Benedictine Abbey towering at the top of a rocky islet just out to sea... All around the islet strongest rises and falls of tides are raging, so rapidly that often compared to the speed of galloping horse. Even Victor Hugo could not help but delighted at such a landscape, called the Mont-Saint-Michel "a pyramid in the ocean".
Our cities are literally overfilled with concrete, glass and plastic. However, no matter how heavy-duty these construction materials are, sometimes the best foundation is nature. Today, OUTLOOK focuses on towns built "in" and "on" rocks.
In the childhood a famous Frenchman from Ukraine was a blue-eyed dreamer. Once all his dreams came true. Whatever he wanted, everything was easy, as if luck was following him. HBe was singing in the choir, he made his best at artistic talent - and, finally, he succeeded in ballet.
Upon hearing word combination “Hindu woman” an image of a beautiful woman wearing sari and definitely with numerous adornments and pictures on her body emerges in our imagination. Where does passion for body decoration come from in national traditions of this people?
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
We continue publishing author’s column of Sabina Safarova on traditions of Azerbaijan.We have already learned about the matchmaking and the engagement, and now OUTLOOK proposes to plunge into the traditions of rituals and xinayaxdi – henna nights ceremonies which precedes the wedding itself.
Experienced tourists believe that one of the best sure-fire ways to quickly tune into the beat of another culture is to try local food. In order not to be at a loss when choosing dishes and save precious time for spiritual food, Outlook gives you selective advice on street gastronomy from seven spots of the globe.
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery that has long been considered the art of the nobility. We will tell you about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
All over the world, winter brings bright celebrations to people's homes, the traditions of how to celebrate them are born. The customs of one state differes from the other but people from different corners of the planet are equally waiting for miracles, pleasant surprises and a good fairy tale. On the eve of the New Year holidays, we decided to ask the diplomats about the peculiarities of New Year and Christmas celebrations in their countries.
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.
For many tourists France is mainly Paris with long queues to the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, as well as neighbouring sights with royal chic, or Mediterranean resorts. But OUTLOOK author while travelling through the country decided to go to the north, to Normandy! Our readers are welcome to read series of travel essays about a journey to the Atlantic Ocean by Kornei Gritsyuk, and the story begins with his impressions from the town of Deauville!
A Ukrainian woman with Azerbaijani blood Sabina Safarova respects her family roots and, being a member of the Union of Azerbaijani Youth in Ukraine, popularizes the culture of her country. Today, the story of a girl about one of the most interesting traditions of Azerbaijan - matchmaking, we are launching her author's blog, which will be filled with cognitive facts and subtleties of manners.
"A poor peasant lived in a remote Gagauzian village, and wealth of his was his three sons ..." so begins one of the folk tales composed by the Gagauz people. This Turkic people really lived a not wealthy life, roamed the villages, feed sheep... When a family gathered together to have some rest, old and young composed legends in their own way explaining the phenomena of nature noted by a curious and observant eye: why crows are afraid of people, why geese gabble, why an ant has thin waist, and what happens when you put fox and wolf in one harness.
Outlook often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine and what dishes are worth trying in the Eternal City.
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we tell you about art of straw work, about materials that craftsmen use and what secrets and unique features of this craft are. Feel the world with us!
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight. Well-known is that they turn shopping into a cultural exchange and are much more than just a commercial place for the sale of goods.
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.