Today people of Peru celebrate Day of Puno – informal cultural capital of the country. The city now parties and feasts. Splendid celebrations are held in honor of the foundation of Empire of Inca. According to local legend, their arch fathers, Manco Capac as well as his sister and wife Mama Uqllu, came out of the waters of Lake Titicaca and founded Puno nearby.
And everything was fine for Incas till the moment when the Spanish started concurring South America. In fact, the story ended in 1572. It was then when the last leader of the ethnos, Tupac Amaru, was decapitated.
In times of heyday about 15 million people inhabited the empire. And they were no strangers to the word “progress” since roads were built, cities constructed and laws were adopted in the country. Unfortunately, it all sank into the oblivion. With the arrival of Spanish conquistadors the great state was destroyed.
Ironically, notorious European educators in this case played the role that was far from humanistic.
Now, let us talk about Incas’ main achievements.
Having heard the name of the ethnos, most of us, probably, picture bloodthirsty barbarians with a stack of amulets. As it recently turned out, such perception is rather stereotyped and thus not entirely true. Scientists from University of New Haven did an interesting research. Having analyzed the remains of Incas they came to conclusion that the South American nation didn’t make much war.
Very few injuries and wounds were discovered on skulls and skeletons, an average number does not significantly exceed the indicator for peaceful times. To think of, the bones examined date back to the period between years 1000 and 1400. In those times the empire was expanding most rapidly, taking in other territories. The upshot is that Incas were vanquishing others by means of diplomacy not by shedding blood as it is commonly assumed! It was negotiations that were paid special attention when it came to foreign policy. Only in case of a failure the army entered the scene.
If European civilizations are compared to Incas, most resemblance can be found with Roman Empire. Water conducts were built and legal systems were developed in both states. Further still, instances are known when products were delivered by special transport to hard-to-access areas! Importantly, while vanquishing other nations Incas never imposed their religion for they were no fanatics.
They paid much more attention to trade and economy. “Quipu”, special system of documental reports, was introduced in the empire, it allowed effective supervision of the state in real time mode.
Taking into account that not all the people lived in cities where money harbored, authorities invented another way to accumulate important resources. It was called “mita”. Its concept of operation lied in the principle that every adult citizen had to work one month a year building state purpose objects. After that a person was allowed not to pay any taxes.
Incas are also notorious for their accomplishments in fields of culture and medicine. Especially in the latter since it is probably impossible to estimate the former one without a grain of subjectivity. It is hard to believe but in the times doctors knew how to perform craniotomy. On average, 90 per cent of patients out of 100 survived – given that it was 15
th century! It stands to reason that there wasn’t even a mention of analgesics and pain killers. Local healers used vulnerary plants, mainly with narcotic effect.
There is no doubt that Incas created so many things that even a book isn’t enough to merely list them. We concentrated on the aspects that emphasize significance of the ancient civilization. And today, on the Incas’ memory day, representatives of every state can have some thinking about their predecessors since many of us come from powerful and noble nations.
The free fight has not feminine face. The good girl could smile in a pretty way and care colorful dress but not strike out wildly. But in the fierce Ands such gentle flowers do not grow. The true Bolivian cholit will be quick on the uptake, and it is able to fill in if necessary. But on Sunday, having gathered the starched skirts, she will desperately go to fight
The most recognizable brand in the world and one of the oldest in France, Louis Vuitton is a symbol of luxury, elitism and aristocracy. It all began with high-quality suitcases, then proceeded to various kinds of bags and nowadays the brand produces everything: women's clothes, men's clothes, outfits for children, footwear and accessories. At that, currently Louis Vuitton doesn’t operate only in luxury segment - they have expanded their influence to pret-a-porter.
Ice cream with a taste of horse meat, pickled insects, fish with deadly venom, etc – Japanese cuisine has things to surprise, amaze and shock you with. And truth be told, enumeration of these dishes doesn’t help my appetite at all. But we are not after exotic stuff. True culinary tourism is an attempt to comprehend mindset and feel national distinctive color through traditional cuisine – not try most exotic dishes. Parts of people’s souls, its history and culture are actually concentrated in national dainties.
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue, sensed fragrance of violets that a neighbor of mine was growing on her balcony and a recollection of Funtik from floor 5 and his tail evoked a flush of tenderness towards the shaggy monster.
The Embassy of Uzbekistan in Ukraine and Ambassador's Spouses Club Kiev welcomed the Ukrainian public and foreign guests with the national art of the Uzbek people, traditions and principles of creating pieces of art made by the folk artists and artists from Uzbekistan.
"A small territory with a great mission" is the motto under which on February 11, 1929 Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See recognized Vatican as a sovereign territory. It was an agreement which opened doors for curious patrons who for centuries had been trading gossip about "What is kept inside Vatican castles?". Evil tongues grumbled that the walled enclave protected magic books of how to seize the world, the castle’s cellars hide torture chambers for sinners, and after liturgies alchemists are busy inventing the Philosopher's Stone. But when museums welcomed visitors, both guests and the Romans gasped with delight. Collectors estimated that the cost of all the works of art featured by almost the smallest country in the world, is 150 times more than the world's GDP.
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
After having spent merely an hour for a flight from Kiev, I suddenly realized I reached the city where continental Europe’s oldest subway is situated. And things that Budapest underground is famous for are not limited to this. OUTLOOK sets on a trip around metropolitan of one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Want to go down?
Experienced travelers tell that one could watch the ruins of ancient settlements in the Andes during several months, moving from one region to another. Particularly, the richest one in archaeological complexes of is the western coast of the Southern continent. A long time ago, some of them, such as Machu Picchu, have become popular with tourists, others are just beginning to open their doors to curious people.
Three years ago Austrian tour operatorslaunched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fansof singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place where Alpine herdsmen used to have unhurried musical conversations with their flocks.
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau Sea Gypsies who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
When you first hear about them, you do not believe your ears; when you first see them, you do not believe your eyes. Their passports have no photos, they do not pay taxes, do not do military service, they wear plain clothing, drive horse-drawn buggies, insulate themselves from modern conveniences, and, of course, have the most delicious food in the USA. Would you like to learn more?
Christmas arrives with a warm overjacket on its shoulders. At night it brings warm light of the first evening star and in the morning it wakes you up with shine of white but warm sun. If my great-grandmonther’s grandmother had been asked about her Christmas feelings, I believe, her words would have been identical to mine. Because together with a bowl of kutia, generations of Ukrainians transfer their traditions from hand to hand.
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
Hebron is well known for being the city of 3 [three] religions and 3 [three] civilizations, a real place of power. Perhaps that is why by twist of fate there emerged glass which looks fragile, but is centuries old, the same as Hebron.
This beverage became so deeply ingrained in the life of humans that we sometimes even fail to notice putting a kettle on a stove. There are thousands ways of best-loved beverage brewing in the world. OUTLOOK offers the best of them to your attention.
Anna Kozachenko, the founder and head of popular Kyiv restaurants Milk Bar and Dogs&Tails, recently came back from her trip to Peru, so she brought both endless tourist impressions and professional analysis of local cuisine, restaurants and culinary traditions of this far country. We are happy to share Anna's juicy and appetizing impressions and encourage our readers to write about their exciting trips and share with us!
When Bahriddin’s mother was getting ready for work, she was assiduously arranging her hair around her tubeteika. It resulted in some sort of a crown. On holidays she plaited special adornments into her black hair with a tinge of blue. When she walked, they were tinkling slightly to create an aura of a dance. And in evenings little Bahriddin couldn’t fall asleep without holding her tight braid in his hands. Even now he recalls her long hair adoringly and believes them to be essential element of female beauty.
Thanks to the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Ukraine and personally Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Alisher Abdualiev OUTLOOK was lucky enough to visit this hospitable country. And today we will tell about a unique place - the Mausoleum of the prominent military leader and political figure of Amir Temur.