Human history remembers Dresden, Hiroshima, Nagasaki. The list goes on and it includes Pompeii where residents turned into stoned monuments against their will. Located near modern Naples, the city with views of Mount Vesuvius was one of the most developed cities not only in the Roman Empire, but also in Europe. Once thriving community it flourished in many spheres: painting...
Located near modern Naples, the city with views of Mount Vesuvius was one of the most developed cities not only in the Roman Empire, but also in Europe. Once thriving community it flourished in many spheres: painting: art experts believe Pompeian sculpture and mosaics can compete with works created by Renaissance artists; economy: a trade route to Southern Italy ran through Pompeii; science: there was found a sundial divided into equal sections dating from the first century AD, but only in the late Middle Ages such devices became usual.
The local people believed that their home city was better than Rome. Patriotism in Pompeii was really up to par. During the gladiator fights in 59 AD citizens quarrelled with visitors from Nocera. Battle was terrible, the amphitheatre hosted about 20 thousand spectators. As a result, thousands of injured and hundreds of killed and disqualification of the arena for 10 years. Fight was won by the proud Pompeiians, of course.Photo pompeitour.com
However, such long-term disqualification was not destined to last. Three years later in the year of 62, the nature sent the first signal for the Pompeii inhabitants – a major earthquake that rocked the city almost completely destroyed it and took thousands of lives. After that half-abandoned city plunged into chaos of crime, anarchy and barbarism. Temples were destroyed, rich house robbed, yesterday slaves turned into masters carrying out the trade with weapon. Locals gathered in central squares, prayed and even made sacrifices.
It took about 5 years to restore order. Although Pompeii was part of the empire, the emperor Nero gave up and did not want to help the wayward inhabitants. On their own the Pompeians rebuilt the city, and fled townspeople came back, and with them came more and more new residents who dreamt to find their place in the sun. According to historians, including Tacitus, the disaster was impetus not only physically. Pompeii concentrated on repairing the damages the earthquake had caused, determined to make their town even more splendid than before. Already in the 70th year, there were about 120 taverns, 40 bakeries, several dozen of factories sewing clothes. Business and trade began to fill local treasury again.
Unfortunately, it lasted not long. In the morning of August 24, 79, few residents paid attention to the black cloud over Mount Vesuvius which was long considered an ordinary mountain. In daytime it seemed that night came to the city: sky was shrouded with smoke, white ashes covered snow-white roofs and clothes. Inhabitants began to suffocate, and the earth trembled even more than in the year of 62nd. What happened next was probably hard to describe without being an eyewitness. One witness Pliny the Younger wrote that panic started because a giant pillar rose to a 20-kilometer height from the summit of the volcano, rocks fell down from sky, lava came closer...Photo vesuviolive.it
Many residents rescued themselves, but unfortunately there were a lot of victims. According to rough estimates, from 2 to 12 thousand people died granted the city had about 20 thousand residents. Excavations which have started by accident 15 centuries later are still going on. From time to time we see and hear about the amazing archaeological finds, but still the most "common" exhibit is people forever frozen in the lava.
Our cities are literally overfilled with concrete, glass and plastic. However, no matter how heavy-duty these construction materials are, sometimes the best foundation is nature. Today, OUTLOOK focuses on towns built "in" and "on" rocks.
Sometimes it happens that you look at a postcard with a picture of a city and instantly realize that this is Kyiv, or Moscow, or Rome or your native village. And it isn’t courtesy of your geography teacher but back-breaking efforts of artisans with whose hands commonly familiar architecture masterpieces were created. Today we recall Italian conqueror of marble Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Today, OUTLOOK continues one of its most popular column with a story about how you can spend ten dollars, forever green and pleasant for pocket and eye, in the Eternal City in which crowds of tourists flock annually and who never ceases to amaze every lucky person who has been here! Believe us, the capital of Italy has something to surprise you!
Today OUTLOOK travels along the cities and countries that are considered as the most interesting from the point of view of geography and administrative management. Moreover, they are enclaves as they are located within the territories of other states.
The old village, which was once located in the territory of modern Alberobello has been destroyed and re-built at least a hundred times. And it's not about conquests and raids of warlike aliens. No, it was deliberately destroyed by its inhabitants. Do you know the reason?
Airports, railway and bus stations are almost always erected at a human whim, while ports and harbours are joint creation of homo sapiens and nature. In this article OUTLOOK presents you the most beautiful port destinations with their own unique character worth exploring.
Thanks to the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Ukraine and personally Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Alisher Abdualiev OUTLOOK was lucky enough to visit this hospitable country. And today we will tell about a unique place - the Mausoleum of the prominent military leader and political figure of Amir Temur.
Outlook often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine and what dishes are worth trying in the Eternal City.
Ancient Rome, full of beauty and attractions, welcomes more than 30 million tourists annually. To see with your own eyes the Coliseum, to put your hand in the Mouth of Truth and throw a coin into the Trevi Fountain is the dream of any traveler. But few people know that just 30 kilometers from the capital there is not less attractive and not yet occupied by tourists Ostia...
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. Outlook has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
More than fifteen hundred years ago Romans were awe struck when they caught the very first sight of the Sistine Chapel. After that masters of painting were born and dead as well as whole pictural art styles. And contemporaries of you and me gape on the distinguished temple. However, while admiring another line intricacy and allusive painting theme, bear in mind that beneath the plot of glossy surface, as per usual, stand painfully familiar disputes with an impatient client, unpleasant surprises from nature and damaged health of painters-executants.
"A small territory with a great mission" is the motto under which on February 11, 1929 Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See recognized Vatican as a sovereign territory. It was an agreement which opened doors for curious patrons who for centuries had been trading gossip about "What is kept inside Vatican castles?". Evil tongues grumbled that the walled enclave protected magic books of how to seize the world, the castle’s cellars hide torture chambers for sinners, and after liturgies alchemists are busy inventing the Philosopher's Stone. But when museums welcomed visitors, both guests and the Romans gasped with delight. Collectors estimated that the cost of all the works of art featured by almost the smallest country in the world, is 150 times more than the world's GDP.
When planning a trip to Ligurian coast, even do not hope that within several days you will manage to explore the length and breadth of it. So you would only irritate your craving for travelling. Each ingredient of Liguria coast can only be savoured forgetting about the existence of the rest of the world. The port city of Genoa (Italian: Genova) is the chief city of the Liguria region.
After having spent merely an hour for a flight from Kiev, I suddenly realized I reached the city where continental Europe’s oldest subway is situated. And things that Budapest underground is famous for are not limited to this. OUTLOOK sets on a trip around metropolitan of one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Want to go down?
Restaurateur Olga Korkunda shares with readers OUTLOOK Interesting facts about one of the Italian city, the area on the shores of Lake Garda. What to try, where to visit and how to have fun - in our new material!
Words we vocalize every day seem ordinary and familiar to us. We even get the feeling that, for instance, the word “chauffeur” existed forever. There is only this slight nuance: cars themselves re a little over hundred years old… Hence, things aren’t that simple when it comes to our day-to-day vocabulary. Well then, why not recollect interesting stories of other words origin?
Try to guess name of this city and its location: the Croats and the Slovenes are scurrying here and there, they drink beer no worse than regular customers of the best Austrian breweries and combine it with snack of pasta and local seafood. You are unlikely to grasp immediately what it is all about, but we unveil it for you as our today story is about the Italian city of Trieste.
Incredible in its texture, orange-red medieval architecture, majestic gallery-streets instead of usual pavements that allow having pedestrian walks in any weather and also a title of culinary capital of Italy – aren’t these reasons alone enough to have a trip to Bologna? Outlook believes that they are so we tell how and on what to spend your hypothetical 10 dollars in this cozy city.
United Nations Organization was created in order to cease global violence, protect human rights and eradicate poverty. On October, 24, 1945 founding states ratified the treaty on creation of global body that acquired the name the UN.