Famous Kazakh proverb says: “Art of a craftsman can only be told in gold and silver”. Nevertheless, no matter how skillful hands of a creator are, in order to make a truly worthy thing it takes hard work, obstinacy, and, sure enough, courage to make a claim about yourself and about your talent.
Since time immemorial it has been believed that a woman without adornment is like a tree that has lost its leaves. To the glory of women’s beauty and grace jewelry craftsmen called Zergers (this word is of Persian descent and means “gold”) have worked. From morning till night clang resounded in their ears produced by hammer hitting an anvil to turn metal into a wonderful article.
The most complicated and expensive decoration was wedding headdress Saukele made of red velvet with additions of silver and ribbons and with all kinds of precious stones threaded onto them. Most frequently those were corals aimed to protect from jinxes and pearls to favor prosperous life. It takes a master at least a year to make a wonder item sparkle.
Among adornments that were to be worn by single girls Sholpa was the most popular. This sophisticated analogue of modern hairclip looked like coins attached to a lace pendent that clang to hair with silver threads. The adornment obliged ladies who braided it into their hair to have a gliding gait – the smoother the steps, the more tender the tinkle of hanging coins.
Another peak of Kazakh jewelry art that won hearts of Europeans is Bes Blezik bracelet. This adornment with its main purpose being to protect from negative influence, constitutes faceted stones of red jasper surrounded with chains. Copper used to be added to silver to make the alloy harder. By the way, such attitude towards the metal since down the ages can be explained by its germicidal effect as well as knowledge that this substance is contained in living body tissues. As to floral pattern that stands out in design of the adornment, opting for it is substantiated by Islam coming to Kazakhstan – this religion prohibits portraying people on accessories.
Contrary to existing idea that art should serve only to glorify women’s beauty, the Kazakhs created adornments for men, too. Special signet rings “against evil eye” were meant to be used by warriors. Thus Dzhigits preferred a ring called Kus Tumsyk with enchantress putting spells on them that were supposed to protect life and health of a person wearing it at war. Choice of a silver ring is also accounted for ancient belief of the Kazakhs. In Kazakhstan they liked to compare shine that silver beamed with moon light and they called the Orb of Night itself Pale Planet that had given birth to the noble metal. Such interconnection that knitted mythology with belief in astrological forecasts explains why the Kazakhs were sure about magic properties of some adornments.
According to ancient tales, the first craftsmen to give painstaking work distinction and exquisiteness, was Dawud Pajgambar better known as Prophet David. They make legends about his skills: in the hands of Dawud metal was becoming soft and pliant and power of the master was stronger than fire sparks so they never burned the jeweler. It is this story that emphasizes attitude of the Kazakhs towards goldsmiths: the word was that such people were able to cure others therefore even their workplaces were treated with special respect on the verge of humble awe. Those who suffered from either physical or emotional pain used to come to workshops and ask to spend a night nearby an anvil and if a master was generous enough, he would lit a candle and ask supreme forces to effect a cure.
It was also thought that alongside eminent abilities Zergers had moral high ground. They believed that silver would form an ornate patter only in the hands of a man who had comprehended mystery of human soul. He would easily read in the eyes of a conversation partner what saddened him or where his dreams were heading. This is why many Zergers were also poets – deep comprehension of reality led them to poetic delicacies. As one hereditary jeweler recalls, his relatives taught him to live by laws of conscience and be devoted to the work of his life because mastery tolerates no hypocrisy.
The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
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There are so many things that Italy mixes in its cauldron: gondolas that travel along olive-green rivers, scorching sun that, like a juice, flows into the bottle of Pisa Tower, entwined spagetti of streets and crusts of squares covered in a mixture of Italian herbs and dialects. Also, it has ducks in its teasury. Oh yes, it is these creatures that allow you feel a flavor of genine national distinctive. And this ducktale is over thirty years old.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning,...
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OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery that has long been considered the art of the nobility. We will tell you about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
All over the world, winter brings bright celebrations to people's homes, the traditions of how to celebrate them are born. The customs of one state differes from the other but people from different corners of the planet are equally waiting for miracles, pleasant surprises and a good fairy tale. On the eve of the New Year holidays, we decided to ask the diplomats about the peculiarities of New Year and Christmas celebrations in their countries.
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.
A Ukrainian woman with Azerbaijani blood Sabina Safarova respects her family roots and, being a member of the Union of Azerbaijani Youth in Ukraine, popularizes the culture of her country. Today, the story of a girl about one of the most interesting traditions of Azerbaijan - matchmaking, we are launching her author's blog, which will be filled with cognitive facts and subtleties of manners.
"A poor peasant lived in a remote Gagauzian village, and wealth of his was his three sons ..." so begins one of the folk tales composed by the Gagauz people. This Turkic people really lived a not wealthy life, roamed the villages, feed sheep... When a family gathered together to have some rest, old and young composed legends in their own way explaining the phenomena of nature noted by a curious and observant eye: why crows are afraid of people, why geese gabble, why an ant has thin waist, and what happens when you put fox and wolf in one harness.
Theatre shows with visual effects that take audience to the beginning of world creation, and then return to our days. The music that fills in your heart and raises above the earth's vanity. Touring music celebrities from La Scala, San Carlo, the Mariinsky Theatre... We invite you to the left bank of the Ishim River, to the State Theatre of Opera and Ballet in Astana.
Outlook often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine and what dishes are worth trying in the Eternal City.
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