RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  Made In Sweden: Dalecarlian Horse

Made In Sweden: Dalecarlian Horse

Author: 11.08.2017 | Sweeden
And since winged horses of Valkyries darted away to Valhalla forever, Dalecarlian horse has remained the guardian of Vikings’ traditions – painted folk toy, first mentioned in chronicles of 17th century. Dalecarlian horse serves as an amulet of non-touristic Sweden by saving from oblivion ancient fables and beliefs.

. In Scandinavian mythology horse is bound tightly with deities of solar pantheon: in days of solstice Swedes and Sami tribes would sacrifice stallions with white, sorrel and palomino coats, begging sun gods for rich harvest and not very hungry winter. It later turned out that the luminary wouldn’t go dark, should a symbolic picture of a horse instead of a soigné stud be committed to flames.

With time carving of wooden horses lost its sacred meaning and turned into an amusement for peasantry. Upon hitting a daily target in number of chairs and tables, village craftsmen carved toy horses for kids out of offcuts of wood thus expressing belated gratitude to peasant’s toiler- horses. However, in household use animals were treated without mittens: what if they get spoiled!

Фото 89.108.107.212:9998/images/sight/content/oqoofqjn10.jpg

Church never approved of practices that reminded pagan past. First mention of favorite Swedish toy featured a wrathful speech of bishop Rodbekio aimed against “diabolic tool”. Craft prospered only in a distant northern province Dalarna that used to be called Dalecarlia: remote villages lost among forests lived in compliance with their own laws, luckily avoiding both secular and clerical authorities.

At first horses weren’t painted or even colored, but there are few things one wouldn’t do to attract buyers: merchants form southern provinces traded toy horses for food and clothes. In 19th century toys started being decorated with kurbits – floral ornamentation eagerly sought in church paining. According to a biblical legend, Jonah the prophet saved himself from ungodly citizens of Nineveh under a kurbit bush that had grown at God’s dictation merely over a night.

Фото shabby-decor.ru

Over recent two hundred years domestic production of Dalecarlian horses hasn’t undergone almost any changes. Majority of souvenirs is produced at homes by family contracts: husbands carve, face and polishe intermediaries while wives cover them with decorative painting. Grannas A Olssons Handicraft Art Workshop is considered to be the largest manufacturer of this Swedish folk toy, it is located in forest village called Nusnäs in suburbs of Mora: annually about a hundred thousand horses comes off its workbenches.

Фото upload.wikimedia.org

Automatization only impacted crudest stages of production process. Machines are applied solely to cut dummies out of northern poplar bars while precise fitting, sanding and polishing are performed exclusively manually. Later background primer and protective lacquer are applied to items for them to be left to dry and passed on under control of painters in two-three days. Ornamentation never repeats itself because use of stencils and clichés isn’t technologically provided for. On request a tourist can paint one of intermediaries with own hands to become an owner of an exclusive souvenir.

Фото visitcarolina.files.wordpress.com

To experts such craft centers as Sjöberg, Färnäs and Norra-Lindberg sound familiar. Samples of various styles are presented in Dalecarlian Horse Museum at Dala-Järna, founded at the initiative of Tomas and Margot Holst; at that the man of the family became famous as a skillful craftsman who carved the world’s smallest horse. By the way, the largest wooden horse 13 meters high resides in Dalarna, too – it greets tourists entering Avesta.

Origins of a toy can be easily spotted by nature of the pattern. Painting in the manner of Nusnäs settlement is considered canonic: flame-horse of orange-red coat in a festive horsecloth strewn with large blue-and-white flowers and openwork emerald-colored leaves ardently shakes finely-painted mane ready to break into a gallop to compete with the wind. In Leksand they prefer goldish-yellow background, in Mora they opt for indigo colors while in Norrbärke carved horses are customary decorated with black-and-burgundy garlands. At souvenir shops of Lappish town Svatnes one can come across horses with black coat adorned with white-and-blue and blue-and-yellow patterns that symbolize friendship of Finland and Sweden. In early 18th century author’s works of Leif Chilstrem, tinted with ochre, enjoyed popularity – mimicking his idol Karl Larsson, carver drew inspiration in interiors of the painter’s villa.

Фото 4.bp.blogspot.com

Modern designers actively experiment with ornamentation and coloring of a folk toy. Bertil Vallien Crafts Centre slightly refreshed traditional design of a horse from Söderbärke by letting snowflakes dance in rounds along yellow bodies. Anita Arvidsson-Åkerblom from Avesta elaborated two models with white grounding: Vattneshäst with red geometric pattern and Bronibeks with a blue mane and a toy saddle. Maud Ap and Agnetta Pavinen decorate their green horses with pictures of berries and a painter Karin Andersen from Bjoros, to the contrary, gets back to basics by leaving her “pets” non-colored for the sake of preserving wood texture. Many Swedes are fond of collecting Dalecarlian horses thus letting a fairy tale into everyday life. Bright herd on a shelf is so much different from seven porcelain elephants, loaded with guileless philistine luck.

Заглавное фото h24-original.s3.amazonaws.com

It will be interesting:
YOUR BREAKFAST, SIR! HOW PEOPLE START THEIR DAY AROUND THE WORLD
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning, whether you need some vegetables, or even some extra litres of water!
PHOTOPROJECT: Beyond Warsaw
We would catch the last warm autumn sun rays at almost empty Warsaw Sunday streets. When the sun had hidden behind the skyscraper - we got high on the tallest among them to enjoy the sunset.
Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
It’s all in your hands. Why it is useful to be ambidextrous
Ambidextrous people demonstrate the unique brain abilities confirming latent human genius. Interestingly, those abilities can be trained by hands. The recent studies show that there are more people born equally skilled with either upper limb than we think, and perhaps you are one of them.
THORNY PATH OF FLOWER
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips.
Asunción. The City for Brave Hearts and Adventure Seekers…
Located on low hills, this country hides in tropical rainforest in the very center of Latin America. There are no beaches and modern concert halls yet it amazes with its access to wild nature. Some come to Paraguay to explore territory of the Indies, others – to get excited with ancient colonial erections, some – for shopping.
We Were There: New York, Washington and Miami
For certain reasons there are two capitals in America – official and actual. Context manager from Kyiv Bohdan Yanchev visited them both and told us about spirits of these cities, about their landmarks and about what they represent in reality. If you think that New York is imbued with expensive perfumes and there is nothing else to do in Washington but to lie on a lawn by the White House – you are wrong!
GRAB YOUR SUN UMBRELLA AND COCKTAIL: THE MOST AMAZING BEACHES OF THE WORLD
With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different. Even if you already chosen your cherished gateway, and tickets burn your pocket, our collection of epic and unusual beaches is sure to amaze you.
SAINT-TROPEZ: CITY DESCENDED FROM THE SCREEN
The rich and famous first started talking about Saint-Tropez when at the end of the 19th century Guy de Maupassant paid a visit there. French author, famous for his non-judgmental realism, wrote about the warm beauty of Saint-Tropez, mentioning ‘sardine scales glistening like pearls on the cobblestones’.
GOLDEN LAND OF SOLOMON
Solomon Islands at the beginning of their settlement had a reputation of being far from the most welcoming place. And if the Florentines can warn about their craftiness, archipelago innocently enough stretches to the far distance of 1500 kilometres and excited the curiosity of generations of travellers with its specific location and legends of Eldorado gold.
All you need to know about Asian Games
It is no secret that, in order to remain of relevance, sports just as any other aspect of our life, has to keep up with time because tomorrow is never the same as yesterday. Today Outlook, being official media to cover the Asian Games 2017 in Ashgabat launches a series of features dedicated to this tournament, one of the most advanced, that will begin as soon as in September.
Bregenz. To the Theatre in a Tuxedo And on a Catamaran
Especially for those who believe theatre and opera music to be vestige of the past, we tell about an amazing Austrian theatre where traditional art meets technical and engineering novelties and also a great view of the Alps.
Taxi in New York Style
Next ‘character’ of our cycle about symbolic means of public transport is yellow cab of New York. It is impossible to imagine the Big Apple and especially its centre, Manhattan, without those bright and incredibly handy cars. Seemingly, there are more “checkers” than people.
Swedish Loner Ingmar Bergman
On July 14, 1918 in a Swedish town called Uppsala a man was born to create over 50 movies and direct several dozens of plays that raised the ante in art to an almost inaccessible level. Even today while watching his film created as much as half a century ago you realize that there is nothing they’ve lost – it’s more like they’ve gained.
IF YOU HAVE 10 $ AND YOU ARE IN... STOCKHOLM
Stockholm is one of the most expensive cities in the world. Nevertheless, its residents are satisfied with this status of the capital, and it is no wonder since an average salary in the city reaches USD2800... So, at first glance, it is a difficult task to have a good fun in the Swedish capital if you have just USD10 in your pocket. But this task is not hopeless once you stir your imagination and wind up your brain. So, our adventurous readers, follow us and we will show how to penetrate into the soul of the city without spending bank notes with your both hands!
GOTHENBURG: CITY WITH SEA FRAGRANCE
It is often compared to San Francisco due to abundance of bridges, water, hills and fish restaurants catering for every taste and pocket. There, even usual tap water is real mineral water, the city is awash with luscious leafy green spaces inhabited by undisturbed rabbits and hares... It may seem that this is a fairy tale abode, but in fact this is city of Gothenburg located in Sweden.
NOTHING IS LACKING FOR COMFORT: PERU TRAVEL TIPS
OUTLOOK always invites readers to share their experiences, since it is a mutual exchange that makes our project interesting. Today we launch a series of articles about Peru written by an active traveller Iia Zaitseva.
Murals: New Approach to Olden Art
Modern cities cannot be imagined without murals – large-scale in size works of picture art that decorate buildings. Not only we have gathered most outstanding works in our collection but also tried to learn as many interesting things as possible about this art movement.
Close
Outlook facebook page