RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Visit  >  COFFEE: A DRINK FROM MOUNTAIN PEAKS

COFFEE: A DRINK FROM MOUNTAIN PEAKS

Author: 17.08.2016 | nature
Ordering coffee, we usually refer to it just as Americano, Espresso or Latte... However, good coffee shops that offer really high-quality coffee, would ask you to specify a type of coffee beans and the country of origin. And at this point many visitors usually feel at deadlock.

Unique flavour and fascinating fragrance of coffee in your cup depend on many factors: the climate in which it was cultivated, soil, height of growth, amount of fertilizer, method of collection and processing, and then - roasting and storage. In general, a lot of details, but it all begins from the country in which future drink is grown.

Today, more than 70 countries cultivate coffee in the hottest parts of the world: Africa, Asia, Latin and Central America, Oceania.

Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee

Ethiopia is a country in eastern Africa, which has no access to the sea, so its main priority is agrarian sphere. But even in this respect they are not lucky: too dry climate is not favourable for agriculture. Nevertheless, as they say, nature gave special gifts to everyone.

Ethiopian conditions are ideal for cultivation of coffee, moreover, Arabica trees grow here simply in the woods. To get the amazing forest coffee, Ethiopians have just to collect berries and dry them in the sun - no other efforts, fertilizers, all-in-all, no problems.

It is not precisely known when people first began to consume coffee drink, but the first written references date back to the 6th century. First, Arabica beans were used to cook food, then to prepare some kind of wine, later they were brewed as a tea. And just over time people learned how to dry beans and make real coffee.

The most famous story about discovery of the drink tells about the shepherd whose goats were unusually frisky after having tried bright red cherries growing on a dark green leafed shrub in a forest.

It was almost a sacred drink consumed only at religious ceremonies. But over time it became available to everyone, and even left its native country, first travelled to Yemen, and through its port of Mocha coffee started its centuries-long voyage. It should be noted that at each point of crossing, coffee got converted and obtained local names.

In short, a wild Ethiopian Arabica was a start for the world's favourite, inspiring and invigorating drink. Its origin is linked to many legends and in many countries it is almost a national cult. But no one can dispute the fact that Ethiopia is really the birthplace of coffee.

Wild Arabica still grows abundantly in Ethiopian forests and gives about 60% of the coffee produced in Ethiopia. The rest is coffee from private "coffee gardens" which are usually owned by individual families. And only 5% comes from industrial plantations.

Basically, coffee beans are processed in the old school style, as the first of them - a method of dry machining. Only the elite class is the result of damp processing.

The most popular export varieties which have become a national brand of Ethiopia are the following:

  • Harrar is a forest grade from eastern Ethiopia, which grows in the highlands. Its taste is an interesting mix of walnut-chocolate tones with light sour note, bitter aftertaste and fruity aroma.
  • Sidamo is a Southern variety, also from the high mountains. Connoisseurs call it a velvety chocolate taste with a sour tone and aftertaste of caramel with a hint of bitterness.
  • Yirgacheffe grows in the same Sidamo province. But because of the wet processing it has chocolate-fruity taste with hints of citrus, but the aftertaste is richer - fruit with floral notes.
  • Asia – Yemen

    If Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee, thanks to Yemen this wonderful drink was recognized throughout the world since its ports began coffee export. In addition, Yemenis, admiring the amazing drink from the natural Arabica, launched their own coffee production and reached the great results. Though volume of the cultivation and supply of coffee is very low, but many gourmets claim it to be the most delicious coffee, incomparable with anything in the world.

    In Yemen, there are no huge plantations, coffee plants do not grow so easily in the wild, generally, climate is unfavourable for coffee. Huge harvests cannot be expected. Yemeni coffee groves are lonely trees, miraculously surviving on the mountain terraces. So, to enjoy the Yemeni coffee is a rare pleasure that can be enjoyed by only the wealthiest people. But what is it?

    The country grows Arabica coffee only, with special attention to the method of cultivation - organic fertilizers and no chemicals. Local farmers preserved this tradition from the days when coffee was first introduced to Yemen. And all the secrets of its cultivation as a family secret pass down from generation to generation. Even "coffee operations" are carried out manually – it is a private product, not for mass production. We can classify it as an exclusive piece-work.

    But the fact is that Yemen has a unique composition of soil for coffee plants. And Yemeni coffee is different from the rest by its soft, deep and even, as they say, dense taste, which has almost no sour notes, and is crowned with palette of fruit and wine aftertastes.

    Talking about the "geography of coffee," we have to mention the most famous name Mocha (originally, name of the town). This particularly rare and valuable variety gets its name from the port city on the Red Sea in Yemen. Moreover, all coffee consumed in the world (except Africa, of course) until the end of the 17th century was brought from there.

    Those times local coffee plants were covering all the slopes - literally every piece of land. And actually the coffee beans were raised to the rank of relics – Mocha residents were carefully watching that no untreated seed (and it could potentially give the sprouts) came into the hands of the Europeans. Coffee brought huge revenues, since foreigners adored its taste.

    Among the very finest varieties of Yemeni coffee are Matari, Sanani, Hodeidah.

    South America Brazil

    In Brazil, the first coffee trees were planted in 1727, coffee trees do not grow in the wild here. But for more than a hundred years Brazil has been the world leader in the production of coffee. The one-fifth of this vast country is the coffee plantations. And the phrase "Brazilian coffee" is a symbol of the best of taste.

    A beautiful legend reveals the introduction of coffee to Brazil. They say, that the first coffee beans were imported into the country by Colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta, for whom they were a gift of love. The governor of the French Guiana colony was so in love with him that donated beans of plant giving a wonderful drink. The Brazilians, too, fell in love with this drink, so much that coffee beans were planted on large areas of land. The paradox, but to grow them, the Africans were taken to the country...

    The first Brazilian plantations appeared in the state of Pare, then in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Bahia, etc. Here, there is mild subtropical climate and mountainous landscapes – everything required for coffee.

    In Brazil, they produce more than 50 varieties: mainly Arabica and Robusta. A good Brazilian coffee is coffee with smooth taste and scent of flowers, prune or roasted almonds, and sometimes chocolate.

    The best neutral varieties are Bourbon Santos and Santos. Saturated, and even heavy taste is typical for Parnassus, Yellow Bourbon, Maragogype. Such coffees as Rio, Victoria, Capitania and the Caravelle are distinguished by unique taste of iodine and/or soil.

    It will be interesting:
    Critical temperature: don’t let yourself dry out
    In the nooks of Earth we want to talk about people live according to very specific rules of nature. Here rains don’t start out of the blue and frosts don’t come unexpectedly. It’s much more serious. Should a good wind once bring you there, you’ll be prepared and may have a grateful memory of OUTLOOK.
    They need warmith. Where birds stay for winter
    As a child I could spend hours gazing at the sky and spying majestic flocks of birds winging their way south. For a kid this movement was a real magic. Today my bookshelf hosts almost no books about magic, though I am still excited about feathered tribes travelling in hope to land on their winter grounds.
    Embraced by Autumn: Where to Go on Mellow Season?
    Autumn promises that heat would gradually fade away and immediately presents with a choice: either to clutch at stewing days in warm countries or taste cool evenings and admire architecture without being distracted by sultriness.
    TURKEY: THREE NATURAL WONDERS
    A jewel-case of Turkey is full of pure wonders provoking an inspiration for fairy tale writer. When people first see blindingly white mountains in the midst of warm country, they experience various desires: someone wants to fall into white drifts and make a snow angel, as some people imagine that white cliffs taste sweet just like cotton candy...
    GRAB YOUR SUN UMBRELLA AND COCKTAIL: THE MOST AMAZING BEACHES OF THE WORLD
    With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different. Even if you already chosen your cherished gateway, and tickets burn your pocket, our collection of epic and unusual beaches is sure to amaze you.
    KARAKOL. WHAT IS WORTH TO KNOW
    Nature and heritage are above and beyond temporary drawbacks in infrastructure and services of Kyrgyzstan, which in terms of tourism is approaching to Georgia and Armenia. Let's consider this through the example of the cosy city of Karakol.
    Between Heaven And... Water: World’s 5 Smallest Inhabited Islands
    Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
    The magnificent world of land-art: Patrick Dougherti
    Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti with his unbelievable works.
    Iguazu Falls - Niagara Has Room for Improvement!
    5 tons of water fall off into the ravine every single moment, roaring, raising steam and disseminating spatter in all directions. ‘Liquid wall’ of Iguazu Falls extends its crescent on the border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.
    Brand history: Discovery Channel
    Today Outlook tells about another inspiring example of how a dream can become a lifetime project. Creation of one of the most successful channels in history of television – Discovery Channel, followed by a huge media empire Discovery Communications, simply cannot but motivate to own great engagements.
    Issyk-Kul: Main Treasure of Kyrgyzstan
    Good tourist is not just someone who is always quick off the mark and ready to embark on a journey any minute. It is the one who is also known for an ability to carefully plan holidays six months in advance. If you are one of them and already think where to go in summer - our next story about gigantic Issyk-Kul Lake and kinds of recreation there is for you.
    The Embassy of Japan will plant more than one thousand sakura in twenty cities of Ukraine
    This year it will have been 25 years since the moment of establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Ukraine. The events in the course of celebration of ‘Japan’s year in Ukraine’ have already been organized actively. As the sakura is the symbol of Japan, the Embassy starts campaign on the tree-planting of sakura along all the territory of Ukraine so as to give to majority of Ukrainians the possibility to savor its beauty.
    MOST STUNNING FLOWER FIELDS IN THE WORLD
    Flower fields and valleys are impressive and attract attention of the most discerning connoisseurs of beauty. Multi-coloured deposits of fragrant plants adorn vast valleys of almost every country! We offer several floral destinations to suit every taste.
    LAKES CHANGING IDEA OF THE POWER OF NATURE
    At the bare mention of the word lake, our imagination pictures soothing, nostalgia-laden images of quite pond cosily embraced by the grassy hills. OUTLOOK prepared a selection of the most spectacular lakes, which will change your understanding of this work of nature. Each of them has something to surprise, whether it is unusual water shade, or frightening ability to petrify living creatures.
    NATIONAL WINGED SYMBOLS
    Each state has its own official symbols: flag, coat of arms and anthem. But in addition to the traditional "identification mark" there are symbols chosen by people, for instance, a favourite bird. It is about them OUTLOOK expands below.
    ART OF TOPIARY
    When I, as a little girl, for the first time passed my hand over trimmed bush, my palm got scratched with sharp edges of twigs and lasting arborvitae fragrance hit my nose. Mesmerized, I was not able to take my eyes away from the cones, balls and squares that surrounded me in the park of a small resort town. I felt like being inside a fairy tale, where behind the leaves I could notice a smile of the Cheshire Cat.
    VIDEO: Conquer nature. The most impressive viaducts
    Very often nature tests people. From time to time we have to conquer and subjugate the elements. When men mastered construction of bridges, water obstacles have ceased to be a problem for humanity. However, what to do if a town is behind a pit, flatland or gorge? All-too-common "bridge" on pillars cannot be constructed everywhere. In such cases people resort to erecting viaducts, some of which are true works of art.
    SUPER-CHILLED: BEST FESTIVALS OF ICE AND SNOW ART
    Ice and snow has long been used by artists to create different figures and objects, and only 1960, this age-old skill became a new trend of a land art! The largest number of winter artworks is created during special festivals about which we will tell our readers.
    SNOW-COVERED PEAKS
    The cold season brings not only such important things as wrapping into a reindeer sweater, drinking hot chocolate and once again reviewing Christmas comedies. Thus, sport has not been canceled yet, so OUTLLOK compiled top five ski resort bucket list for you to cheer up and get out of your winter sleep.
    LIFE ON WATER: 7 LITTLE-KNOWN VENICE COMPETITORS
    When we hear about "water city", Venice immediately comes to mind, doesn’t it? Tranquil gondolas, narrow waterways, gentle light of the evening sun and ancient architecture create that heady romantic cocktail which attracts tourists from all over the world to the Italian city.
    Close
    Outlook facebook page