Level up in emancipation. They did not just replace men, they became men. Known for being conservative, Albania still has a tradition under which females can be easily replaced by males. Without plastic surgery. Mainly young girls take over to live as men.
These womenare responding only to male names, wear
male suits, have short hair and do rather uncommon work.
They are called burneshas or sworn
virgins, i.e. Albanian women who took a vow of
celibacy and rejected happiness
usual for their female neighbours, in order to head their families. Albeit odd for a strict
Muslim society, this tradition is yet
observed in some towns and rural areas of the country.
The tradition to assume role of a man in Shqipëria (as the Albanians
call their homeland) came up many centuries ago.
There are two reasons for this phenomenon:
reluctance to be forced into arranged
marriage and the lack of men. Throughout
all its history the Balkan country
was at war with the neighbouring states.
Almost all the male population participated in battles and, of course,
only a few came back home. Moreover,
even residents of the same country failed to find understanding among themselves. Even today their lives are governed by
archaic set of codes called the Kanun which in fact dictates blood feud resulting, once again, in
deaths of many men. Eventually, families
with many women lost
their breadwinners and remained with no one to do hard
work. In addition, under the Kanun the heir
had to be exclusively
There is only one way out: the strongest female representative of theclan has to become the burnesha. Such a girl refuses all the female things to restore order in her
family. During a special ritual
she chooses a male
name, takes a vow of celibacy
and of remaining chaste for life. As an alternative for such a sacrifice, burnesha is granted privileges
and duties of male population. Over time she completely changes her way of life and even adopts rough temper. She looks
like a regular man who does all hard work and solves
family issues. And though the
word of women in Albania, at least until recently, cost nothing,
the sworn virgins are well
respected within their patriarchal communities.
is extremely difficult to count burneshas. According to some data there are about ten persons, but
others claim that there are still several thousands of them in northern
Albanian villages. The majority took a vow in the 60’s. Nowadays sworn virgins admit
that women no longer need to continue
this practice: blood feud is not
common and opinion of the fair
sex is considered anyway. However, most of the burneshas who spent all their lives with male face, have very few regrets for their choice.
Nihongami is a certain way to arrange hair in Japanese tradition. Interestingly, in the Land of the Rising Sun hairdos were legally controlled and served as some sort of dress code for ladies of different social statuses and classes. Therefore, each class had strictly determined corresponding outfit and hairstyle and those laws are still obeyed by geishas and their apprentices.
Composers of antiutopias predict hundreds of sorrows to the people of the future who are from times to times forbidden to celebrate weddings, however, it seems, everything is not so terrible. In Chinese province Yun Nan near the foot of Himalayas the matriarch tribe mosuo resides that is not familiar with the concept of marriage at all.
History of Estonia isn’t preserved in scrolls of parchment but in leaden chronicles of the North Sea. Winding coastline three thousand kilometers long has seen millions of sails starting with striped cloths of drakkars to nap-of-the-earth flight of clippers over the waves in the era of steam and electricity.
The free fight has not feminine face. The good girl could smile in a pretty way and care colorful dress but not strike out wildly. But in the fierce Ands such gentle flowers do not grow. The true Bolivian cholit will be quick on the uptake, and it is able to fill in if necessary. But on Sunday, having gathered the starched skirts, she will desperately go to fight
They are referred to differently in every other place but are loved, probably, in the same way everywhere. Sure enough, we talk about money or more precisely their “second names” because alongside official ones currencies have common nicknames which is not so well known, but clearly deserves attention!
On May 29, 2019, under the auspices of the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India to Ukraine Partha Satpathi, an evening dedicated to Indian culture, cuisine and tea took place. The purpose of the event was the popularization of Indian traditions.
The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
If early morning you walk along sandy beaches of Oostduinkerke, located in one of Belgium western provinces, you can see several suns. One, of course, is in the sky, and others are bright yellow spots riding horses carrying heavy wicker baskets, while plying the shallows along the North Sea coast for shrimps. Oostduinkerke and shrimps are hand and glove, so horseback shrimping is still practiced here.
There are so many things that Italy mixes in its cauldron: gondolas that travel along olive-green rivers, scorching sun that, like a juice, flows into the bottle of Pisa Tower, entwined spagetti of streets and crusts of squares covered in a mixture of Italian herbs and dialects. Also, it has ducks in its teasury. Oh yes, it is these creatures that allow you feel a flavor of genine national distinctive. And this ducktale is over thirty years old.
On Wednesday, April 9, 2019, on the initiative and organizational support of the SE "Directorate General for Rendering Services for Diplomatic Missions", the international women's club ASCK in the National Centre of Folk Culture "Museum of Ivan Gonchar" a lecture dedicated to the traditional Ukrainian women's dress was held.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning,...
Upon hearing word combination “Hindu woman” an image of a beautiful woman wearing sari and definitely with numerous adornments and pictures on her body emerges in our imagination. Where does passion for body decoration come from in national traditions of this people?
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
We continue publishing author’s column of Sabina Safarova on traditions of Azerbaijan.We have already learned about the matchmaking and the engagement, and now OUTLOOK proposes to plunge into the traditions of rituals and xinayaxdi – henna nights ceremonies which precedes the wedding itself.
Experienced tourists believe that one of the best sure-fire ways to quickly tune into the beat of another culture is to try local food. In order not to be at a loss when choosing dishes and save precious time for spiritual food, Outlook gives you selective advice on street gastronomy from seven spots of the globe.
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery that has long been considered the art of the nobility. We will tell you about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
All over the world, winter brings bright celebrations to people's homes, the traditions of how to celebrate them are born. The customs of one state differes from the other but people from different corners of the planet are equally waiting for miracles, pleasant surprises and a good fairy tale. On the eve of the New Year holidays, we decided to ask the diplomats about the peculiarities of New Year and Christmas celebrations in their countries.
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.