Level up in emancipation. They did not just replace men, they became men. Known for being conservative, Albania still has a tradition under which females can be easily replaced by males. Without plastic surgery. Mainly young girls take over to live as men.
These womenare responding only to male names, wear
male suits, have short hair and do rather uncommon work.
They are called burneshas or sworn
virgins, i.e. Albanian women who took a vow of
celibacy and rejected happiness
usual for their female neighbours, in order to head their families. Albeit odd for a strict
Muslim society, this tradition is yet
observed in some towns and rural areas of the country.
The tradition to assume role of a man in Shqipëria (as the Albanians
call their homeland) came up many centuries ago.
There are two reasons for this phenomenon:
reluctance to be forced into arranged
marriage and the lack of men. Throughout
all its history the Balkan country
was at war with the neighbouring states.
Almost all the male population participated in battles and, of course,
only a few came back home. Moreover,
even residents of the same country failed to find understanding among themselves. Even today their lives are governed by
archaic set of codes called the Kanun which in fact dictates blood feud resulting, once again, in
deaths of many men. Eventually, families
with many women lost
their breadwinners and remained with no one to do hard
work. In addition, under the Kanun the heir
had to be exclusively
There is only one way out: the strongest female representative of theclan has to become the burnesha. Such a girl refuses all the female things to restore order in her
family. During a special ritual
she chooses a male
name, takes a vow of celibacy
and of remaining chaste for life. As an alternative for such a sacrifice, burnesha is granted privileges
and duties of male population. Over time she completely changes her way of life and even adopts rough temper. She looks
like a regular man who does all hard work and solves
family issues. And though the
word of women in Albania, at least until recently, cost nothing,
the sworn virgins are well
respected within their patriarchal communities.
is extremely difficult to count burneshas. According to some data there are about ten persons, but
others claim that there are still several thousands of them in northern
Albanian villages. The majority took a vow in the 60’s. Nowadays sworn virgins admit
that women no longer need to continue
this practice: blood feud is not
common and opinion of the fair
sex is considered anyway. However, most of the burneshas who spent all their lives with male face, have very few regrets for their choice.
Looking through thousands of photos capturing the bright emotions of our guests, again and again we recall that day, filled with vivid colours, pleasant meetings and merry laughter. Today, together with you, we would like once again recall the OUTLOOK WORLD CULTURE FESTIVAL 2017.
In Kyiv at Contract Square at the last weekends there was a street festival dedicated to the start of Ukrainian and German languages year. The event that began from the bike ride and was accompanied by the interactive lessons of German and broadcasting from different Ukrainian cities, came under the auspices of German Embassy in Ukraine and Goethe-Institut.
Thanks to the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Ukraine and personally Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Alisher Abdualiev OUTLOOK was lucky enough to visit this hospitable country. And today we will tell about a unique place - the Mausoleum of the prominent military leader and political figure of Amir Temur.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning, whether you need some vegetables, or even some extra litres of water!
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery: about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. Outlook has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and plants do not reach out people remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
The spouse of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India to Ukraine Anamica Bharti organized a meeting of the club of ambassadors wives Ambassadors Spouses Club in the course of which it was a display of traditional Indian clothes and friendly dinner.
Ice cream with a taste of horse meat, pickled insects, fish with deadly venom, etc – Japanese cuisine has things to surprise, amaze and shock you with. And truth be told, enumeration of these dishes doesn’t help my appetite at all. But we are not after exotic stuff. True culinary tourism is an attempt to comprehend mindset and feel national distinctive color through traditional cuisine – not try most exotic dishes. Parts of people’s souls, its history and culture are actually concentrated in national dainties.
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we tell you about art of straw work, about materials that craftsmen use and what secrets and unique features of this craft are. Feel the world with us!
The spouse of the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Pakistan Sima Attar arranged a friendly lunch and workshop on the preparation of traditional Pakistani shawls ‘Tie and Dye’ for ‘Ambassadors Spouses Club’.
“To drag a goat with one’s hands” is a national entertainment of Tajik men however it enjoys huge popularity around Central Asia in the whole. As a rule a couple dozens, sometimes as many as a hundred, skilled and nimble horse riders gather to drag the goat. There is such a throng during the event that people fall off their horses, lose consciousness and even get maimed. Although the players attempt at protecting their legs and heads, hurts and bruises are commonplace for them anyway.
On the 27-th of March in Kyiv national academic theatre of operetta there was a concert ‘Stars of world tango’ with the participation of the celebrities acting in a style of Argentinean tango Neri Piliu, Shanini Kiniones, Solange Acosta, and Max Van De Voorde that were accompanied by ‘Tango Spleen Orquestra’ (Italy).
Nihongami is a certain way to arrange hair in Japanese tradition. Interestingly, in the Land of the Rising Sun hairdos were legally controlled and served as some sort of dress code for ladies of different social statuses and classes. Therefore, each class had strictly determined corresponding outfit and hairstyle and those laws are still obeyed by geishas and their apprentices.
Folk costume is one of traditional cultural symbols. Diverstiry of colors, adornment elements and decoration styles reflect inimitble nature of every nation. Ukrainians managed to get acquianted with distinctive features of traditional fashion thank to OUTLOOK Project, Institute of Interational Relations and Development Fund of the Institute of Internatinal Relations as well as 22 embassies of foreign states accredited in Ukraine. Today we suggest you enjoy a video, in which different cultures, traditions and history entertwined in a single dance....
OUTLOOK Project that operates in the sphere of culture diplomacy will hold a show of national costumes of peoples the world OUTLOOK SHOW. Fashion of the Nation. Over 20 embassies to Ukraine will present best looks from traditional costumes of their countries in the show.
When talking about bottle, they mean a pumpkin. When thinking about a musical instrument rubab, they recall a pumpkin. When buying a chandelier, they consider a pumpkin as an option. When looking at the cage for parrots, they again refer to a pumpkin. This field vegetable in Uzbekistan has different designations and not only in the form of porridge. Thanks to the Embassy of Uzbekistan OUTLOOK poschastlyvylos pobыvat radushnoy within this country and poznakomytsya with udyvytelnыmy mestnыmy crafts