RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Enjoy  >  Peace, friends, gum!

Peace, friends, gum!

Author: 28.12.2014 | oddities
Almost a century and a half ago American dentist William Finley Semple forever went down in history – he patented the technology of chewing gum production. Today it comes with almost every taste. But originally things weren’t that palatable: it was made of gum elastic and chalk

It is worth mentioning off hand that despite the license, Semple earned hardly anything. How come, you might ask? It is just nobody took the risk of applying the technology he believed to be the only correct one. The dentist suggested making chewing gum, as it was mentioned above, of elastic rubber and chalk. The idea surely had its upside. Such a product could have remained in use for a couple of months. Isn’t it an economic miracle? Still, there turned out to be no demand for such a long-lasting chewing gum.

Nevertheless, as far back as in late 19th century whole gum-making enterprises were launched. Some remained afloat longer, others were shut down almost immediately. The case remained the same till 1892 when an unheard-of soap seller William Wrigley started producing goods called Wrigley's Spearmint and Wrigley's Juicy Fruit. There is no need to explain what a breakthrough it was. It is this gum that people all over the world still chew.

Another remarkable event in these terms occurred in 1928. Chemist Walter E. Diemer created another king of gum – bubble gum. From now on one could blow bubbles out of it! The invention’s popularity shoot up in a zip for not only it could help adults deal with breath odor, it also amazed children. And they started gamboling, blowing and popping bubbles of different sizes. By the way, American woman Susan Montgomery managed to blow the most significant bubble. It was 58.5 cm in diameter.

Soon the gum won hearts around the globe. Before World War II mostly the USA population chewed gum. But after American soldiers started treating with it habitants of all countries where they militated, bubble gum became truly world-popular. Almost immediately own factories for the good’s production emerged in Japan, Germany and France. Sure enough, it reached the Soviet Union.

This is when the story of the chewing gum full of nothing but fun and joy ends abruptly. It is hard to believe, but a terrible tragedy is connected with it in USSR. As it has already been mentioned, having conquered the world, chewing gum started winning Union Republics. The only thing is that it couldn’t be obtained except for from foreigners. People from all over the world, when going to Moscow or Kiev, were taking along pocketfuls of gum that could be gainfully sold or given as a present.

That’s what things were in 1975 when friendly hockey match Soviet juniors versus Canadian team “Barry Cup” took place in Moscow in Sports Palace. During the game and in the breaks foreign fans threw gum to where soviet citizens sat. The latter, obviously, ravened to grab some gum thus amusing guests from over the ocean who were taking pictures of such insanity. Everyone was having fun. But after the game, when fans were walking along the corridors, a crowd of our guys rushed to Canadians, who were going to be taken away by buses, hoping to get some more precious gum. By accident lights went off at that moment. Awful panic turned to congestion in a blink. As a result, 21 persons died, more than a half of them – kids…

As soon as in a couple of years production of own chewing gum began in USSR. It cost 50 kopecks for 5 sticks. It came in a number of variations: with mint, orange, strawberry and even coffee flavor. The word is it caused high pressure and headaches among soviet kids. Gums from Baltic countries and Erevan, that emerged later, were believed to be of better quality. They were aimed for export but still couldn’t hold a candle to western analogs. Therefore soviet kids kept attacking foreign citizens: “Mister, give me some gum!” Who could have thought that the saying “Peace, friends, gum” originated in those times.

Today excitement for chewing gum is abated for it can be bought in every shop and at every stand. Truth be told, scientists keep arguing about its health utility. However, it has almost no impact on the popularity of the gum.

In conclusion here are some more facts about or today’s lead character.

 Annually habitants of the USA spend over 2 billion Dollars on chewing gum with one American consuming about 300 sticks of it.

 There is a special person at New York railway station who is in charge of tearing hardened gums off walls and other surfaces. His average daily “harvest” constitutes about 3 kg.

 However, in San Luis Obispo city of California there are certain troubles with dealing with such mess effectively. Therefore memorial Chewing Gum Alley was created. Anyone willing can glue his or her chewing gum to the wall of the house situated there. Many tourists know the place.

 Italian designer Maurizio Savini is notorious for his sculptures made of gum.

 American director David Lynch is famous not only for his odd movies but also for his collection of used bubble gums. Filmmaker believes that such gums look like human brain.

Photo from open sources

It will be interesting:
Let's have a seat! Part two
Some time ago we wrote about the unusual benches adorning streets of various cities. One article was not enough to "fit" all the benches we liked, so today meet the second part of the review.
Burned out? No big deal!
All too often when bulbs in our apartments get burned out, we throw them away without a second thought: what’s the use of it now? But add a dab of imagination – and “properly made” hands can work miracles. If you have a child, then a burned out illumination tool may turn into a wonderful handmade toy...
Chinese infrastructure: Unusual bridge that connects Macau and Hong Kong
When skeptics say that the greatest things have already been built by humanity, pointing at various and really outstanding works of engineering thought, they are most often poorly informed and hardly look beyond developed Western countries. In the meanwhile, for example, in China, the state raises simply unheard of infrastructure projects.
Your breakfast, Sir! How people start their day around the world
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning,...
Underwater museums
A few centuries ago sea transport was not just the most popular, but the only way to get from point A to point B. However, as you know, force majeure occur on any roads, even on water routs, and through a long history of mankind many ships did not manage to reach their destination ports and ended underwater. Nevertheless, the relative "reservation" allows wreck vessels to live a second life as a museum.
In between the banks
As practice proves, even the most utilitarian items can be made a work of art. Using some imagination and without “killing” creativity, everything becomes extraordinary: bridges, for instance. Logically, principal purpose of such constructions is to connect two banks therefore main thing about them is security. Yet sometimes people follow other criteria.
On the Road – Own Way
OUTLOOK cannot imagine life without travelling. However, tickets, schedules, tardiness – all those things can spoil any trip. Therefore it is great to have either at home or in you garage a kind of transport that can allow you to see and to experience something new and forget all the problems.
"All inclusive" and even more: amazing hotel service
Hotels that offer “all inclusive” for dogs. Hotels where adults are being lulled asleep by a fairytale or a unique place where work isn’t held in honor while laziness is encouraged. This is not a dream or a parallel reality – these are stalky hotel services…
Alternative day in Copenhagen: Christiania, the bulwark of freedom
All of us, one way or another, strive for freedom, personal or national, material or spiritual, which is illusory and unachievable, and at the same time very real in terms of our ideas about it. An alternative village of Christiania in the centre of the Danish capital is another attempt to achieve complete freedom from the laws of the material world.
This is a real service! Japanese taxi
The first thing every tourist shall learn in a country is a transport system. Very often it seems to be complicated and confusing, and it takes weeks or even months to make head or tail of it. OUTLOOK reader Natalia Usenko visited Japan and is sharing her impressions about the most comfortable and safest transport in the world.
On the Move. Street food from around the world. Part 2
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
Switzerland: Banks, Chocolate And Army
It is an open secret that this world is full of paradoxes. Outlook, in its turn, tries to figure them out therefore today we’ll tell about armed forces of the world’s most militarized state that, however, hasn’t been at war with anyone for over two centuries. Our feature is about the army of Switzerland.
Water gates. Impressive world harbors
Airports, railway and bus stations are almost always erected at a human whim, while ports and harbours are joint creation of homo sapiens and nature. In this article OUTLOOK presents you the most beautiful port destinations with their own unique character worth exploring.
Crazy Mail
In already distant year 1920 authorities of the United States adopted a surprising regulation: prohibition to.... send children by mail. Such a decision may seem weird in 21st century however almost a hundred years ago it was treated with understanding which means that there were caring parents who did send their kids in packages... We talk about amusing accidents that occur in work of post services.
Incredible school lessons
Grinding away at their books to master basics of algebra and geometry, or memorizing years of monarchs’ reign skimming history textbooks is commonplace for schoolchildren all over the world while getting ready for a test in cybersecurity or boasting to have “A”s in beekeeping is strange at the vey least. Hereafter we are going to touch upon these and other unusual classes taught in foreign schools.
VIDEO: Antique and industrial Kyiv
When sending stuff to trash can or throwing it away to a dumpster we don’t suspect that it doesn’t always mean death for it, now and then even in the contrary – it is a beginning of a new life…
Round the edge of the world. Cape Horn
For sailors to round Cape Horn situated in the very South of Argentina is a success that equals to Everest ascent for alpinists. Rush under sails around “sailor’s graveyard” defying gigantesque waves and hurricane wind turned out a success for the first time on January, 29, 1616.
Dirty-faced aristocrats
Profession of a chimney-sweep has recently entered the list of the most rear occupations in the world. And as far back as some hundred years ago almost every European citizen was able to tell a lot of interesting things about these guys doomed to be covered in smear. We didn’t invent a time machine but we managed to get some facts about representatives of this vanishing trade.
VIDEO: Vanilla, pistachio... orchid
With the assistance of the Embassy of the Syrian Arab Republic in Ukraine we visited Damascus and enjoyed very interesting place. Watch!
Fun Is Possible Without Roller Coasters
We have already told you about most amazing amusement parks in terms of dimensions and breathtaking rides. Now turn has come to talk about the most unusual places to spend exciting time in. Outlook warns: adrenaline level rises not just because of crazy roller coasters and centrifuges.
Close
Outlook facebook page