RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali

Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali

Author: 15.08.2017 | tradition, art
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.

Sufi did not want to lead their life locked up whether that be any restrictions emerging from the bounds of family, borders of one house or limitations of the country. They had to refuse from comfortable conditions overcoming hankering to down-to-earth things. In such a way roving life began being interpreted as the only possible way of spiritual development, freedom from attachments to the ordinary and customary items not to mention people. Sufi endued into the woolen clothes (suf) that looked simply and a bit coarse resembling floppily woofed cilice. How have we got aware of these facts? Certainly, we know everything concerning Sufi from the ancient songs considered as the only thing remained in the frailty of life after it was scattered to four winds. One of Sufi poets called Rumi talked about that in such a way: ‘On the Earth soul resides in the prison and it will stay there until it resides on the Earth’.

Фото indiaprwire.com

Sufi Qawali is usual to divide into two types. One that is called as Rind praises free life restricted by one day. Line after line, Sufi were speaking that only leaving teeming activity behind and looking at life as it is applied to the nations offering philosophically estranged view on the world. According to their opinion, a person has a streak to live by the recollection of the past experience or devote himself to the plans of the future. The followers of Rind direction accepted the possibility of short date entertainments the main criteria of which was acceptance of the highest pleasure here and now. However, such a philosophy was maligned in the teaching of another movement called as Salik. This word meant ‘those going by mystic path’. The wanderers and seekers of spirituality followed the path of disavowal from the creature comforts, stood for the certain austerity in life, refusal from luxury and pleasures of the flesh. They performed divine vows and rituals framed in some word ‘rejoicing’ accompanied by different musical instruments while the leading role was given to the flute neya.

Before becoming a Sufi, the singer had to go through the special education which upon its complexity could be comparable with the modern university study. Sufi was expected to acquire knowledge of theoretical philosophy to perfection, get aware of the details of various cultures as well as speak several languages (such as Arabian, Persian, and Urdu). By the way, Sufi took a huge examination in the frame of which articulating more than five hundred poems so as to confirm the languages proficiency.

Фото religionama.files.wordpress.com

In the environment of Sufi Qawali songs were considered as the spiritual practice because their texts included the implications about any given interspace of Earthly path conducted by a person who was likely to be willing to experience his inner world. Particularly, Qawali gives narrations about the necessity of repentance (tauba), abstinence (vara), refusal from material resources (zuhd), recumbency upon divine justice (tavakkul), humble endurance in the course of beggary (fakr), patience (sabr) and words of gratitude not only for the riches but also for the ordeals (shukr).

Among the ancient representatives of Sufi movement the history feels the traces of Jalaleddin Rumi (XIII century) influence. Rumi was the ruler of spiritual institution of dervishes. In his poems he espoused principles of human equality regardless of social background and material status. One of the most famous literature opuses of Rumi got a name ‘Divan’ that combined Eastern genres such as kasida, ghazal and rubais. In his chants Rumi advised to follow the path of Sufi. Which award was told to wait for the obedient followers? The performers of Qawali told about the spiritual harmony which meant a union of divine presence, love, appeasement, hope, passion, trust, calmness, and, finally, deep confidence in the own power.

In every poem which Sufi folded into the musical rhythms love was sounding. However, applications to the Beloved one did not imply the love appreciation addressed to the exact person. In such a way Sufi adverted to the highest forces calling for good power in the society because they believed that hatred and enmity came from the absence of love and wisdom inside the person. Rumi symbolically sang about that in Qawali narrating how four friends decided to buy the grapes. Honestly, these people were originated from the different countries where this fruit had own names whether it be ‘angur’, ‘uzum’, ‘stafil’, and ‘aynab’. Not willing to hear the reasons of each other, friends had a real quarrel. Definitely, this parable does not tell about the silly friends who were not able to find common ground in such a simple question but about the political and religious disagreements where each state wanted to watch over only own interests not thinking over other nationalities. That is why at the end of Qawali Rumi confirmed: ‘The war would finish at once / Though words are different, they hold the same truth, / However, only wise person / Could cease the awkward argument!’

Фото unikaz.asia

Rumi set up a brotherhood of dervishes who were strangers and dancers in such a way giving birth to Sufi tradition to dance lively over live music. Meanwhile, dance in singing ritual Qawali had special rules. Particularly, it had to represent whirl with gradual raise of arms to the sky what symbolized the prayer of a human. Dervishes appeared in front of accidental spectators of religious performance being attained in the hats and black capes. While dancing performers threw capes down on the ground and dervishes remained in while robbing. Herein, black color was considered as the symbol of death while white color gained the meaning of soul resurrection that followed the physical downfall. Sufi regarded the combination of dance and melody as the most efficient way of emotional cleanup because music contained the most sincere and unpurchaseable application to human heart. 

Заглавное фото travelcalendar.ru

It will be interesting:
YOUR BREAKFAST, SIR! HOW PEOPLE START THEIR DAY AROUND THE WORLD
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning, whether you need some vegetables, or even some extra litres of water!
PHOTOPROJECT: Beyond Warsaw
We would catch the last warm autumn sun rays at almost empty Warsaw Sunday streets. When the sun had hidden behind the skyscraper - we got high on the tallest among them to enjoy the sunset.
It’s all in your hands. Why it is useful to be ambidextrous
Ambidextrous people demonstrate the unique brain abilities confirming latent human genius. Interestingly, those abilities can be trained by hands. The recent studies show that there are more people born equally skilled with either upper limb than we think, and perhaps you are one of them.
Made In Sweden: Dalecarlian Horse
And since winged horses of Valkyries darted away to Valhalla forever, Dalecarlian horse has remained the guardian of Vikings’ traditions – painted folk toy, first mentioned in chronicles of 17th century. Dalecarlian horse serves as an amulet of non-touristic Sweden by saving from oblivion ancient fables and beliefs.
THORNY PATH OF FLOWER
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips.
Asunción. The City for Brave Hearts and Adventure Seekers…
Located on low hills, this country hides in tropical rainforest in the very center of Latin America. There are no beaches and modern concert halls yet it amazes with its access to wild nature. Some come to Paraguay to explore territory of the Indies, others – to get excited with ancient colonial erections, some – for shopping.
We Were There: New York, Washington and Miami
For certain reasons there are two capitals in America – official and actual. Context manager from Kyiv Bohdan Yanchev visited them both and told us about spirits of these cities, about their landmarks and about what they represent in reality. If you think that New York is imbued with expensive perfumes and there is nothing else to do in Washington but to lie on a lawn by the White House – you are wrong!
GRAB YOUR SUN UMBRELLA AND COCKTAIL: THE MOST AMAZING BEACHES OF THE WORLD
With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different. Even if you already chosen your cherished gateway, and tickets burn your pocket, our collection of epic and unusual beaches is sure to amaze you.
SAINT-TROPEZ: CITY DESCENDED FROM THE SCREEN
The rich and famous first started talking about Saint-Tropez when at the end of the 19th century Guy de Maupassant paid a visit there. French author, famous for his non-judgmental realism, wrote about the warm beauty of Saint-Tropez, mentioning ‘sardine scales glistening like pearls on the cobblestones’.
GOLDEN LAND OF SOLOMON
Solomon Islands at the beginning of their settlement had a reputation of being far from the most welcoming place. And if the Florentines can warn about their craftiness, archipelago innocently enough stretches to the far distance of 1500 kilometres and excited the curiosity of generations of travellers with its specific location and legends of Eldorado gold.
THE GHOST BRUSH OF MISS HOKUSAI
The eccentric elder Katsushika Hokusai was the real star of the Edo period, the creative genius and the brutal debtor of the half of his city. He used at least 30 names, changed 93 houses and created a lot of prints, drawings and paintings. His internationally recognized print The Great Wave off Kanagawa is mesmerizing. But only a few people know that this block printing, as well as many other works, was created by Hokusai with assistance of his daughter - artist Katsushika Ōi, lost in time and overshadowed by her genius father crazy about art.
All you need to know about Asian Games
It is no secret that, in order to remain of relevance, sports just as any other aspect of our life, has to keep up with time because tomorrow is never the same as yesterday. Today Outlook, being official media to cover the Asian Games 2017 in Ashgabat launches a series of features dedicated to this tournament, one of the most advanced, that will begin as soon as in September.
Bregenz. To the Theatre in a Tuxedo And on a Catamaran
Especially for those who believe theatre and opera music to be vestige of the past, we tell about an amazing Austrian theatre where traditional art meets technical and engineering novelties and also a great view of the Alps.
Taxi in New York Style
Next ‘character’ of our cycle about symbolic means of public transport is yellow cab of New York. It is impossible to imagine the Big Apple and especially its centre, Manhattan, without those bright and incredibly handy cars. Seemingly, there are more “checkers” than people.
Swedish Loner Ingmar Bergman
On July 14, 1918 in a Swedish town called Uppsala a man was born to create over 50 movies and direct several dozens of plays that raised the ante in art to an almost inaccessible level. Even today while watching his film created as much as half a century ago you realize that there is nothing they’ve lost – it’s more like they’ve gained.
In Kyiv open the exhibition and mural by the author KLONE
KLONE is artist who was born in Ukraine. He left country when he was eleven years old. That is why he pays a special credit to the opportunity to present his exhibition in Ukraine and color mural. We were able to take an exclusive interview from the mysterious master who accurately hides even his true name from the world.
Belgian Lace: Waltz of a Thousand Threads
At the sight of Flemish lacework it is hard to shake the feeling that miraculous flowers, artfully braided into a wreath of a pattern, were born from loose sparks that had escaped a magic wand. On the inside of the beauty there are efforts and days of jetsam girls, stolen from life by labyrinth of openwork loops. Having compelled self-will of the thread to a dream about heaven, promised for humility, skills defied despair and need – to secure victory.
In Kyiv under the support of Embassy of Australia the exhibition ‘Artists-Ambassadors. Ukrainian Australiana’ has been opened
In the course of program of 2017 in honour of the 25-th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between Australia and Ukraine as well as celebration of settlement of Ukrainians in Australia in Kyiv the exhibition ‘Artists-Ambassadors. Ukrainian Australiana’ has been opened.
Don’t break the tongue: the hardest languages in the world
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. Outlook has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
The magnificent world of land-art: Patrick Dougherti
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti with his unbelievable works.
Close
Outlook facebook page