Author: 23.11.2016 | Canada
There is hardly a person, especially in autumn, when the first frost, who did not cancel his or her appointment or a walk due to nasty weather, since it is a challenge to get dressed, to keep warm, to wait in the bitter cold for transport, instead you feel like wrapping yourself in blanket and read a book. What can we say about the Canadians: the nature tests them with harsh winters and real snowstorms. However, the Canadians do not cancel their meetings, and even go light in winter. How they do it – read below in OUTLOOK.

Surely even the fresh air fans and cold training are not likely to be delighted by the Canadian winter as minus 30 is quite commonplace temperature, and it gets even colder very often. And if you add to it weeks long snowfalls with winds penetrating to the bone, you have goose bumps, don’t you? For life outside not to be the game of survival, and for cars not to slip on icy slopes, municipalities of large Canadian cities in the middle of the last century began to develop projects for the protection of its citizens and infrastructure from the weather. Since people are not able to control the weather, almost simultaneously both in Toronto and in Montreal in 1950, it was decided to build underground spaces, equipped to support normal life of the city.

At first glance, it seems that this Canadian idea has nothing unique - for centuries humanity has refuged under ground from dangers, but the evolution brought us all to the surface. However, those who at least once with their own eyes saw the underground part of the Canadian cities, will understand that going down is certainly not the degradation, but the most practical move. They start building underneath the streets of Montreal and Toronto almost simultaneously with the construction of the subway in these cities. The city authorities in 1960 sold land for the underground shopping areas or gave areas to a long-term lease at a very low price, attracting potential tenants. They mostly were large companies, hotels, and of course, shops and supermarkets. The most important condition was that the owner of the retail space under the ground had to invest into the construction of the outputs to surface. Work was in full swing and in 1970 Montreal residents began to move around the city in any weather, and stay underground literally for days!

There is dense network over 32 km of tunnels include shopping malls, apartment buildings, hotels, condominiums, banks, offices, museums, universities, seven metro stations, two commuter train stations, a regional bus terminal, amphitheatre and arena. The set of interconnected complexes with a comfortable temperature, own transport and the opportunity to move around quickly by lifts to almost any skyscraper, known as RÉSO (a homonym for the French word "réseau", meaning "network") let us not forget that Montreal is the second most populous French-speaking city of the world after Paris. All this beauty is arranged clearly and accessible: its navigation system was repeatedly awarded, because even tourists come down here once or twice, begin to understand how it works. In the cold seasons at least 500 thousand people enjoy RÉSO every day, because you can get here from almost any of the residential complex or an administrative building. Montreal’s Underground City (La Ville Souterraine) was built jointly with the private investments from business renting premises for 50 or 100 years, so it cost not so expensive. And today it is profitable because it allows you to save a lot of money that is usually spent for cleaning the roads from snow and liquidation of emergency situations in the winter - now the funds are spent on other projects.

In Toronto, the largest city of the country, the construction of its underground city stopped for a while in the 1960s, but the real boom occurred twenty years later, when in a few years, the underground area increased by 20 kilometres. Its name is PATH, and the construction of some of its areas is still going on, as the success of Montreal project so inspired Toronto authorities, that they decided not only to catch up, but also beat colleagues in size and quality. This ant home is officially the world's largest, and the townspeople are proud of it most of all, so they bring tourists here all year round, even in summer. Although the heat does not influence lives of the Canadians, coolness of Toronto's PATH Network attracts, almost all the best bars, clubs, cafes and metropolitan restaurants have their "branches" here, and you can come down here straight from the hotel, bypassing traffic and also get back. According to the plans of architects, the underground city will grow almost twice, and will connect the suburbs with the centre even before 2050.

Of course, a massive web of tunnels affects the rhythm and way of life both in Toronto and Montreal, and for visitors all this may seem strange, especially if you come here in the warm season. But if you only set your foot outside in mid-January, you will immediately appreciate all the charm of these comfortable subterranean complexes. Projects have proven their right to life and become critical infrastructure, so now they are thinking about the same labyrinths in Ottawa to Vancouver.

It will be interesting:
The Snow Queen would envy…
Icerink instead of heated floor. Bomber hat and a puffer jacket as an alternative to terry robe. Eco-hotels and cafes in Canada, Romania and even hot Dubai offer a possibility to have leisure time a-la North Pole.
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
Yonge Street: the story of some road
People who for the first time arrive in Toronto have every likelihood to face the local surprises. For example, you may be offered to reach your destination across Yonge Street. When you agree to have this affair, you will be asked once again: ‘Are you going to cross the whole street?' Being astonished you will try to look at the details only to find out that the length of this mysterious street is 1896 kilometers. Then, if you express a bit more curiosity and decide to read the history of the longest street in the world, the adventurous travel in the world in Indians, Europeans occupiers and encountering of the cultures are waiting for you. So, let’s start…
Maple Syrup. What Is It and How To Eat It?
Alongside fast food, cola and corn flakes with milk, another product that is obsessively mentioned in almost every American movie is maple syrup. Pancakes, flapjacks, muffins and toasts are ‘dressed’ with it as well as by and large everything that is made of flour. It appeared on shelves of European supermarkets very recently to promptly bewilder customers eager to try formerly inaccessible dishes with honey-and-woody taste that they didn’t know how to cook.
Personalities: Chrystia Freeland
In today continuation of our rubrics about the famous Ukrainians who have changed the world here and now, we would like to tell about incredibly dynamic Chrystia Freeland. She is journalist, writer and currently known as the successful politician. Having ethnic belonging to Ukraine, she fluently speaks the national language. It is the wonderful example of the following generalization that if a person has a desire, it is not a problem to develop in many scopes.
The Ambassador of Canada and Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine signed collective plan of actions on going through audit of International maritime organization
The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Canada to Ukraine Roman Vaschuk and Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine Vladimir Omelyan signed collective plan of actions on Ukraine’s going through audit of International maritime organization. The signing of document happened on the 12-th of July in the room of Embassy of Canada to Ukraine.
In Kyiv the official reception dedicated to 150-th anniversary of Canada was going
In Kyiv within the territory of conservation ‘Sophia of Kyiv’ there was an official reception dedicated to the 150-th anniversary of Canada organized by the Embassy of Canada to Ukraine and personally Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Roman Vaschuk.
The Ambassador Roman Vaschuk started in the capital celebratory events dedicated to 150-th anniversary of Canada
The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Canada to Ukraine Roman Vaschuk along with Major of Kyiv Vitaliy Klichko started festive events at Kreschatik dedicated to 150-th anniversary of Canada.
The competitions on hockey and street of Francophonie. The ambassador told journalists about the month of Canada to Ukraine
On the occasion of 150-th anniversary of Canada the Embassy of Canada to Ukraine and Ukrainian team of Games of Unconquerable made press breakfast for mass media with Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Roman Vaschuk…
The Embassy of Canada in Ukraine took part in the festival ‘Francophonie Days in Ukraine’
The Ambassador of Canada to Ukraine Roman Vashuk participated in the event that calls for recognition of French-speaking culture and French language of communication, democratic values, human rights and support of cultural diversity.
They say the main attraction of Canada is its nature. But the nature is not quite an achievement of the nation, but objects constructed, erected and built by country inhabitants, reflect the national mentality. Therefore, we would like to tell about the best urban areas of Canada.
The youth hall of Kyiv House of Teacher Training hosted the evening of Ukrainian tango. The participants experienced the atmosphere of Ukrainian retro music and listen to dance hits and lyrical songs, as well as mastered some tango moves.
Outlook facebook page