“I don’t mean a thing if it ain’t that swing”, - that’s what famous jazz musician Glenn Miller used to say. African slaves brought to the USA began performing ‘dotty’ rhythm and swinging pulsations for white jazzmen to take up mysterious syncope later. At that, “black” and “white” jazz were going in separate directions: Africans preferred improvisation while Europeans opted for ready melodies.
Jazz has been considered music of the “black men” for a long time. Disgraceful, immoral – jazz was ascribed wit negative qualities, parents forbade children play such music. Situation changed in 20th century when western musicians paid attention to jazz. “Jazz Age” comes to Chicago step by step and in New Orleans jazz melodies performed at funerals set in as fashion.
Those were clarinetists from New Orleans Leon Rappolo and Limme Noone who became teachers of fourteen-year-old Benny Goodman. The latter one didn’t acquire “royal” title instantly. In times of the Great Depression they booed his art and demanded ticket fees back. When Goodman’s band came to Hollywood, they, in order to raise ratings, began opening their shows with popular dance music. But even that left audience pretty unenthusiastic. Desperate, Goodman started playing jazz and – what a miracle! – rejoicing of the crowd had no limits. After that concert Benny Goodman was nicknamed King of Swing and his music style is considered the most distinctive till now.
Back in the days there was race rule: white people only played with white people. Anyway, Benny Goodman disregarded public opinion and invited Africans to his band: vibraphonist Lionel Hampton and pianist Teddy Wilson. This bold move broke the ice for tolerance in jazz.
In 1920s-1930s jazz got crowned with laurels of popularity but happened to be out of law at the same time – all because jazz was performed in back-street bars created as a counterbalance to the Prohibition. For youngsters the style became a symbol of deliverance and all-permissiveness.
Another great musician – Glenn Miller – brought strictness back to jazz. Stringent discipline reigned in his band: not a single world was allowed on stage and color of socks had to match the color of a handkerchief in jacket’s pocket. Upon acquiring global popularity Miller dismissed his star orchestra and during war with Japan was off at the front to inspire soldiers with his performances.
“I'm happy that I succeeded in doing two things: I made the drummer a high-priced guy, and I was able to draw more people to jazz”, - these are the words said by Gene Krupa, drummer who was the first in history to bring drums to the status of a lead instrument in jazz. Gene Krupa denied pioneering work of “white” musicians saying that “white” jazz owed its existence to Louis Armstrong. Another controversial view denied necessity of improvisation: “When I go into a solo, I need to have an accurate picture of what I am going to play.”
Last name of another celebrity – Paul Whiteman – has a very talking meaning. Jazz-playing white man began with military melodies in his tracks. But he did so only until he got the idea of combining classic tunes with commercially successful melodies. Now that we’ve mentioned it, Whiteman’s performances in symphonic jazz style were the most expensive in American show business of 1930s – one ticket cost 10000 dollars.
… Modern jazz is up-market. Dance music evolves into cool-jazz genre, elaborated by saxophonist Lester Young. Melody gets more and more complicated and a musician has to be primarily a composer. Famous jazzmen of modernity – Michael Davis and Chet Baker – developed ‘cool’ manner of sound extraction and polyphonic musical form. That’s why on present-day jazz festivals expression agrees with lyric poetry and audience insist that jazz is not just a music style – it is a lifestyle, too.
Figurines of dodo bird “invaded” all souvenir shops of Mauritius and its image even managed to become a national symbol complementing to the country’s emblem. But the most grievous thing of all is that all this glory came to Raphus cucullatus after it was completely extinct from the face of Earth – and it took it less then a hundred years…
Can you remember the most unusual dish that you had ever a chance to try? You decide what kind of food it was: something exotic; those insects that we can hardly imagine as an ingredient; strange drink with a bitter taste; an unexpected combination of bitter and sour... Everyone has his or her own unforgettable experience in this regard. Today we would like to tell our readers about unusual and prominent chefs of the world, and even without reference to their era. Dedicated to admirers of history.
Sometimes it happens that you look at a postcard with a picture of a city and instantly realize that this is Kyiv, or Moscow, or Rome or your native village. And it isn’t courtesy of your geography teacher but back-breaking efforts of artisans with whose hands commonly familiar architecture masterpieces were created. Today we recall Italian conqueror of marble Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
In the childhood a famous Frenchman from Ukraine was a blue-eyed dreamer. Once all his dreams came true. Whatever he wanted, everything was easy, as if luck was following him. HBe was singing in the choir, he made his best at artistic talent - and, finally, he succeeded in ballet.
Independent artist originally from the Philippines, Patrick Cabral conquers the world with his unusual artwork. His creations are an innovation that combines the age-old traditions of calligraphy and cutting-edge 3D technologies. His art is a way to change the world for the better, both through aesthetics and through the fulfillment of a social mission.
Peter Høeg is Danish writer and philosopher. Sometimes he is called as anchoret because he comes to society events quite rarely, only to represent his new books. The indoor life led to numerous legends that penetrate the image of Peter Høeg on his motherland. In this interview Peter Høeg told OUTLOOK how new novels are created, what hides behind the evident asceticism, and shared his view of life and person.
Oleg Borschevskiy is a famous film director, screenwriter and music video director. Among his works, there are music videos for such stars as Potap and Nastia, music bands NeAngely, Boombox, NIKITA, singers Maria Burmaka, Tonia Matvienko and many others. In a nice conversation, he recalled the most interesting places on the world map, which he visited and shared his personal disappointments.
About Picasso as a distinctive artist, graphic artist and sculptor, we know to some extent everything. Meanwhile, his other incarnations are pushed into the background. Ilya Ehrenburgh once very concisely described Pablo Picasso’s relations with his era: “20th century found in him its own dynamite expert, its own philosopher and its own poet”.
This music is one and a half thousand years. Gentle and penetrating melodies played on the flute duduk have been called ‘the voice of eternity’. In Armenia where people esteem national motives believe that in duduk there is a soul of apricot tree what made tree sound. Staying plangent and soul-touching, they are framed with the sound evocating light wistfulness.
Their song, Sho Z-Pod Duba, is featured in the Fargo series and the commercial with David Beckham, Thai schoolgirls teach Koliskov in a music lesson, and their concerts are eagerly awaited around the world. Continuing a series of inspirational stories about talented Ukrainians in the “Know Ours” column, Outlook tells about the most original, controversial and popular Ukrainian team “DakhaBrakha” abroad.
The music as long as the eternity or, in other words, Continuous music is the genre which causes loud arguments in professional circles. Lubomyr Melnyk, Canadian composer of Ukrainian origination sees in his ‘child’ Continuous music continuation of classic traditions. Which rules his scripts follow will OUTLOOK tell in the following material of the rubrics ‘Look at us!’
Twelve-string guitar, the twilight of Portuguese nights, candles, and soul-gripping voice… Dramatic incentives of fado song tell about unrequited love. It cannot appear in the crossroads of destinies; however, it enables feelings to embody into the touching sounds of Portuguese romances.
Thanks to the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Ukraine and personally Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Alisher Abdualiev OUTLOOK was lucky enough to visit this hospitable country. And today we will tell about a unique place - the Mausoleum of the prominent military leader and political figure of Amir Temur.
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. Outlook has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti with his unbelievable works.
"A small territory with a great mission" is the motto under which on February 11, 1929 Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See recognized Vatican as a sovereign territory. It was an agreement which opened doors for curious patrons who for centuries had been trading gossip about "What is kept inside Vatican castles?". Evil tongues grumbled that the walled enclave protected magic books of how to seize the world, the castle’s cellars hide torture chambers for sinners, and after liturgies alchemists are busy inventing the Philosopher's Stone. But when museums welcomed visitors, both guests and the Romans gasped with delight. Collectors estimated that the cost of all the works of art featured by almost the smallest country in the world, is 150 times more than the world's GDP.
Behind the famous landing of Neil Armstrong and his team of the Moon in 1969 there wasn’t just an abstract triumph of the power of human brain but also a large group of highly-skilled engineers solving complicated tasks. Among them there was one specially standing out with his bold and unusual approach – a native of Ukraine Michael Yarymovych, one of supervisors of the “Moon program”. It is about him that we proudly tell about today within the framework of our column Ours Make the Grade.
In every art there are formats and rules – once in “mainstream” an Artist won’t have to starve. Even more so in totalitarian times when every sphere of people’s life is controlled and affected and selfhood has to be forgotten as such. It is probably in the face of a system natural talents emerge for their work to become immortal. Today Outlook recalls one of them, artist Kateryna Bilokur.
Behind the window sad eyes of old man peered at Petrograd engulfed by revolutionary fire. This fire spread on his life's work: a proud four-story building was invaded by noisy commissioners and sailors, whose presence seemed a cruel joke after regular customers. Workshop owner Carl Gustavovich Fabergé, apparently, noticed in this chaos approaching decay of his career. However, he could have a secret gleam of hope for another life of his heritage. If only he knew that it would come true, maestro would hardly have lost his spiritual strength...