RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Enjoy  >  Fado: gentleness and deftness of Portuguese romances

Fado: gentleness and deftness of Portuguese romances

Author: 19.11.2017 | music, art
Twelve-string guitar, the twilight of Portuguese nights, candles, and soul-gripping voice… Dramatic incentives of fado song tell about unrequited love. It cannot appear in the crossroads of destinies; however, it enables feelings to embody into the touching sounds of Portuguese romances.

In 2011, the romance fado was recognized as the highest musical heritage of the humankind, according to the version proposed by UNESCO. What brought it an international fame? Was it a unique essence of performance, a talent of composers called fadishta or lyrics in front of which any warm heart cannot withstand temptation?

Duduk: music evocating love

The romances famous in Portugal do not have national roots. It is believed that fado appeared at the local lands as the reminiscence of Arabian songs; others hear Brazilian motives in the romances. Some people claim that fado has been performed only by the sailor full of wistfulness to the native lands. At the end of XVIII century fado melodies came from Portuguese taverns, particularly, verily men performed these songs thinking about the poverty, family troubles and hopelessness of beggarly existence. The first performers of fado recalled their youth and panted after unfulfilled dreams. However, afterwards Portuguese romance attracted not only those who could not build life how they wanted. The representatives of aristocracy also liked minor melodies. Those who did not feel any urgent need in money, sometimes wanted to mull over the delusiveness of all things and share the mystery of their hearts with strangers being aware that all the secrets were to stay in the limit of musical pause.

Photo: s-mediа-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

After a while, in Lisbon the whole streets appeared where the poor performed fado in time free from work. Sometimes Alfama and Muraria streets had been visited by the representatives of the upper echelons of society, because music is not susceptible to social stereotypes. Perhaps, in those days, noble citizens perceived improvised creative evenings as the exotics as it was unusual but interesting to contemplate of fadishta dressed in black clothes and bundled up with the shawl from head to toe.

Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali

The popularity among people made fado performers think if they have to make a musical art their profession. By the beginning of XX century fadishta bring philosophical vibration to the lyrics of romances to become in-demand everywhere. However, when fado had received a possibility to develop, it faced serious obstructions on its way. Dictatorial regime of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar established in Portugal a strict censorship that touched the issues of music, as well. Thus, before performing fado singers had to coordinate the text of each romance with the opinion of representative of censorship committee. Nevertheless, it is impossible to hide improvisation in the frames of ‘cans and cannots’. The prohibition to create freely hurt musicians who were in love with the wild spirit of Portuguese romance. But nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later any limitations lose power. In the same way the music of fado overflew the banks of Portugal alluring the entire world.

Photo: еv.mu

There is a beautiful legend which you are to hear compulsory during one of numerous excursions in Lisbon. It is believed that many years ago in this city a gifted girl Maria Severa lived. She was eager to become an actress and perform her own songs accompanied with guitar. As usual, the lack of financial support did not give her a possibility to make her dream come true. Throwing a dark shawl on shoulders, Maria came to the squares, and soon her music found way to the hearts of listeners. Among those who were touched by the melodies of Maria there was a lonely man. Listening to lyrical roulades, he thought that nothing has ever been close for him than the music of this girl. He was lucky enough as apart from musical gift, Maria acquired a kind and sincere heart. She fell in love with the man being assured that it was reciprocal. Unfortunately, receiving such a desirable gift, the man came to search for happiness in other lands squelching Maria’s feelings. The songs of girl became sadder and sadder; it seemed that her life went in reverse. Soon Maria suffering from unrequited love died… But so far, in Lisbon people remember about her as of musician who folded Portuguese streets with the beauty of fado.

Look at us, or Continuous music of Lubomyr Melnyk

It may appear that the genre of fado is connected only with upset facts in biographies of musicians; however, it is not like that. One of the most famous performers of fado called Amalia Rodriguez combined music with acting. This singer successfully gave performances all around the world receiving the nickname ‘queen of fado’ while her concerts gathered stadiums in New York, London, Rome, and Tokyo. When the singer died, in the whole country authorities acclaimed national mourning.

Fаdo, Lisbon frоm Hakaya, The Storytellers on Vimеo.

Another musical diva Cesaria Evora allured international critics and world audience with the perfect combination of simplicity and deftness of emotional upheaval. Coming to the stage barefoot, she was likely to remind the listeners that beautiful sounds of fado originated from beggarly environment and the first composers became people who did not have enough money to buy a slice of bread.

Photo: jpn.uр.pt

Now tourists coming to Lisbon from any corners of the Earth ask a question where to listen to fado. Among the most popular places where lyrical accords encourage deep reflections there are Fado House, bar Retiro de Baco in Alkantra that belongs to the performer of fado Pedro Moutinho. One more sophisticated restaurant where music lovers usually attend is Café Luso in Bairro Alto. Here the local celebrities Pedro Moutinho and Marco Rodriguez perform songs accompanied by the music of virtuosic guitarist Luis Guerrero. 

Main photo: pоrtugal.com

It will be interesting:
YODEL - MUSIC OF THE AUSTRIAN MOUNTAINS
Three years ago Austrian tour operatorslaunched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fansof singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place where Alpine herdsmen used to have unhurried musical conversations with their flocks.
Play of Minsk Film Actor’s Studio Theater under support of Embassy of Belarus in the capital
In Kyiv academic theater of drama and comedy under support of Embassy of Belarus to Ukraine and Kyiv city governmental administration it was the play ‘Marriage contract’ of Minsk Film Actor’s Studio Theater. The performance was going in the frame of the tour in Ukraine.
WHERE TO GO? TOP FIVE OF THE MOST INTERESTING MUSEUMS OF MODERN ART IN EUROPE
Françoise Barbe-Gall teaches how to talk to children about art. She gives practical advices in her books, teaches to see things invisible to many people, to notice details and forget about labels. But we have to admit that among adults there are very few people who can boast with expertise in this area. If you want to change this order of things, today we offer you to go with us to the museums. Yes, it's a good idea, since we have chosen the best.
Murals: New Approach to Olden Art
Modern cities cannot be imagined without murals – large-scale in size works of picture art that decorate buildings. Not only we have gathered most outstanding works in our collection but also tried to learn as many interesting things as possible about this art movement.
Chinese Sugar Painting: Art From a Ladle
Flowers and trees, animals and birds, dragons and fairytale characters – to put it short, anything that may come to your head can turn into an object of edible art there. Amazing technique of painting with hot sugar is possessed by craftsmen from Sichuan province. Paintings performed in almost caramel can be neither “edited”, nor painted over.
AZULEJO: STORY OF TILES
You often got convinced that skilful hands of a master who puts life into his creation, can transform humble tree stump into a charming violin, piece of plaster becomes an ancient sculpture, and even clay tile looks like a work of fine art.
STEP OVER THRESHOLD: THE MAGICAL ART OF THE HUICHOL PEOPLE
Dazzling flashes of ancient knowledge manifested in colourful shimmering beads and in elaborated yarn mosaics by Huichol Indians, captivate the imagination calling for an endless journey through branches of the world tree. Spiritual images take on flesh in intricate ornaments that accompany a Mexican peasant throughout his life. Twilight land of legends always have a shelter for a weary traveller: no one is alone on the paths of spirits.
Divine mugham: the music of Azerbaijan
There is music which brings us back to life. It happens even if the tears are falling when one listens to it. The musical genre mugham talks to the audience using the right language. Everyone has lived out unhappy love, loss of a close person or ruin of ideals. These topics became the source of inspiration for the musicians of Azerbaijan movement mugham. OUTLOOK will tell about this unique style of music.
Artaud theatre: life is imitation of art
The power of gestures burns the text to ashes, sound deafens and takes to the abyss from which all of us come and where we return upon the accomplishment of a short time period called as the life. Attending the Theatre of Cruelty, a human appears in the centre of performance as there are everything we are hiding from in the everyday routine, particularly, freedom and isolation, life on the border, merging with the crows till self is lost and lonely residing at the top. The drama of being involves in its mineral resources, the echo of tragedy overwhelms publics and spectator without noticing it appears in the trap of the own perception. That is about the so-called ‘Theatre of Cruelty’ (theatre de cruaute), the child of French playwright and director, eccentric and shocking Antonen Artaud.
Concert "Dedication" by singer Viktor Rud was held in Kiev with the support of the German Embassy
The National Philharmonic of Ukraine with the support of the German Embassy hosted a concert of opera and chamber singer Viktor Rud. The event was held within the framework of the "Week of Germany in Ukraine" from 10 to 26 November in 14 cities of our country.
In Kyiv the Embassies of Lithuania and Australia demonstrated the photo exhibition ‘Olegas Truchanas – legend of Lithuania and Australia’
The Embassy of Lithuanian Republic to Ukraine, the Embassy of Australia to Ukraine and National Museum of Taras Shevchenko represented in Kyiv the photo exhibition ‘Olegas Truchanas – legend of Lithuania and Australia’.
History of a Brand: Cirque du Soleil
Spectacular show project Cirque du Soleil rocked the world of circus art to remind that circus can not only entertain but also create new reality. Crazy experiments on human body defy any power on gravity and miracle-plays of sound and light lure the audience into a twilight labyrinth of philosophical dramas letting them get to the sun together with characters of stagings.
Not just black
November 3, 2008, at the auction Sotheby's with a result of $ 60 million was sold one of the rarest works in the history of Russian art - Kazimir Malevich's Suprematist Composition. Malevich is still considered to be one of the most difficult to understand artists of the 20th century.Kazimir Malevich is still one of the most difficult to understand artists of the 20th century. As if mocking at the public, he signed some of his early works: The content of the paintings unknown to the author. OUTLOOK collected stories connected with personality, creativity, and the name of the artist and hopes that it will bring readers to understand the suprematist.
The Sistine Chapel Illusions
More than fifteen hundred years ago Romans were awe struck when they caught the very first sight of the Sistine Chapel. After that masters of painting were born and dead as well as whole pictural art styles. And contemporaries of you and me gape on the distinguished temple. However, while admiring another line intricacy and allusive painting theme, bear in mind that beneath the plot of glossy surface, as per usual, stand painfully familiar disputes with an impatient client, unpleasant surprises from nature and damaged health of painters-executants.
György Oravecz. Interview with Hungarian piano player whose hands floats above the key-buttons
During seven years autumn Kyiv is full of the sounds of breath-taking melodies and touching etudes of the prominent Hungarian composer Ferencz Liszt. It has become a kind tradition for the Embassy of Hungary to invite the best musicians in Ukraine as well as the loyal students of maestro before his birthday. This year the famous piano player György Oravecz came to the capital of Ukraine to perform the legendary plays of Liszt…The project OUTLOOK has been lucky to speak to the famous musician.
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue, sensed fragrance of violets that a neighbor of mine was growing on her balcony and a recollection of Funtik from floor 5 and his tail evoked a flush of tenderness towards the shaggy monster.
SERGEI POLUNIN: BALLET, INTRIGUE, PROVOCATION
On the 26-th of October it will be going a desirable premier of documental and biographic movie ‘Dancer’ on the price of success paid by the artist of ballet Serhii Polunin. Being originated from Kherson, he accidentally appeared in the Royal Theater in London where he became an overnight success but then went off the grid to get even more love of the spectators. Today OUTLOOK continues the cycle of materials about successful Ukrainians.
Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
THORNY PATH OF FLOWER
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips.
THE GHOST BRUSH OF MISS HOKUSAI
The eccentric elder Katsushika Hokusai was the real star of the Edo period, the creative genius and the brutal debtor of the half of his city. He used at least 30 names, changed 93 houses and created a lot of prints, drawings and paintings. His internationally recognized print The Great Wave off Kanagawa is mesmerizing. But only a few people know that this block printing, as well as many other works, was created by Hokusai with assistance of his daughter - artist Katsushika Ōi, lost in time and overshadowed by her genius father crazy about art.
Close
Outlook facebook page