On July 14, 1918 in a Swedish town called Uppsala a man was born to create over 50 movies and direct several dozens of plays that raised the ante in art to an almost inaccessible level. Even today while watching his film created as much as half a century ago you realize that there is nothing they’ve lost – it’s more like they’ve gained.
“Probably the greatest film artist … since the invention of the motion picture camera.”
Against the background of all-consuming fancy for “lightness”, pseudo-humor, visual effects and other attributes of modern films, revelations of the Scandinavian director seem to be a bold look into the depth of human soul. It was hard for Bergman to mould his creations because each movie for him was a fight with own fears and daemons that were spoiling his own life as well as ones of people around him. We decided to concentrate on three most important issues and problems that the director addressed in his artwork.
“I am deeply fixated on my childhood.”
Ingmar Bergman grew up in a family of a priest where strictness, that at times bordered cruelty, reigned. Every violation of rules, even the most negligible one, used to be punished with birch-rods, hair pulling and confinement in a closet. Future director realized early in life that religion was far from being perfect and that one should look for God otherwise. This was why he decided to abandon paternal home and dedicate himself to art at an early age. Emotional turmoil of his childhood laid foundation for many films including Fanny and Alexander. Thank to this series not only did Bergman manage to complete Gestalt but also earn love of his fellow citizens. While being already acknowledged all over the world, in his motherland Bergman was considered “way too unintelligible”. 5-hour long family epic without much of art-house tinge caught fancy of millions of people because all of us one way or another get back to childhood and live lives “depending on it”.
“When I finished the picture (The Seventh Seal), my fear (of death) went away.”
According to Bergman, when he was young he was greatly afraid to die. Although during World War II Ingmar served at a theatre and never had to be at the front, universal post-war despondency pierced him. It must have been panic that made the Swede gain this crazy artistic pace – he produced a movie almost every year without abandoning theatre work. Fear to die without getting things off his chest wouldn’t give him a chance to have some rest and enjoy life. By means of incredibly physical and moral efforts Bergman created Medieval parable The Seventh Seal; in one of its scenes its leading character plays chess with death. This film work made the director comprehend vulnerability of every living thing to falling off the edge of earth and he began treating life in a calmer way.
«Sour Swedish Silence Set In».
Solitude is probably Bergman’s major daemon that he in fact never managed to beat. Having lived a whole life of a loner, the director spent his last years at Fårö Island where he was bothered by no one for months in a row. Lack of understanding, inability to sincerely communicate, no desire to talk to others and fear of being misread – the director used it all in his work over Persona movie. In this chamber work the plot concentrates around a popular actress who instantly ceases communicating with surrounding world. Unsociable demeanor of the character is as autobiographic as can be – it is known that the playwright avoided even those he loved. Once, when Andrei Tarkovsky, whose movies Bergman respected, was in Sweden, a meeting was arranged for them but the Scandinavian canceled it last minute. He later regretted the deed and explained it by saying that director Tarkovsky and his films were iconic and Ingmar was afraid to cast a slur on those by meeting human Tarkovsky.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning, whether you need some vegetables, or even some extra litres of water!
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
Ambidextrous people demonstrate the unique brain abilities confirming latent human genius. Interestingly, those abilities can be trained by hands. The recent studies show that there are more people born equally skilled with either upper limb than we think, and perhaps you are one of them.
And since winged horses of Valkyries darted away to Valhalla forever, Dalecarlian horse has remained the guardian of Vikings’ traditions – painted folk toy, first mentioned in chronicles of 17th century. Dalecarlian horse serves as an amulet of non-touristic Sweden by saving from oblivion ancient fables and beliefs.
Located on low hills, this country hides in tropical rainforest in the very center of Latin America. There are no beaches and modern concert halls yet it amazes with its access to wild nature. Some come to Paraguay to explore territory of the Indies, others – to get excited with ancient colonial erections, some – for shopping.
For certain reasons there are two capitals in America – official and actual. Context manager from Kyiv Bohdan Yanchev visited them both and told us about spirits of these cities, about their landmarks and about what they represent in reality. If you think that New York is imbued with expensive perfumes and there is nothing else to do in Washington but to lie on a lawn by the White House – you are wrong!
With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different. Even if you already chosen your cherished gateway, and tickets burn your pocket, our collection of epic and unusual beaches is sure to amaze you.
The word is, Guy de Maupassant hated Eiffel Tower. The famous writer believed that it was uglifying the face of Paris without benefiting the city. Nevertheless, he could be often seen in a cozy cafe on the top of the construction. In such cases the author of “Bel Ami” used to say that “it was the only way the damned tower dropped out of his sight…”
The rich and famous first started talking about Saint-Tropez when at the end of the 19th century Guy de Maupassant paid a visit there. French author, famous for his non-judgmental realism, wrote about the warm beauty of Saint-Tropez, mentioning ‘sardine scales glistening like pearls on the cobblestones’.
Solomon Islands at the beginning of their settlement had a reputation of being far from the most welcoming place. And if the Florentines can warn about their craftiness, archipelago innocently enough stretches to the far distance of 1500 kilometres and excited the curiosity of generations of travellers with its specific location and legends of Eldorado gold.
It is no secret that, in order to remain of relevance, sports just as any other aspect of our life, has to keep up with time because tomorrow is never the same as yesterday. Today Outlook, being official media to cover the Asian Games 2017 in Ashgabat launches a series of features dedicated to this tournament, one of the most advanced, that will begin as soon as in September.
Especially for those who believe theatre and opera music to be vestige of the past, we tell about an amazing Austrian theatre where traditional art meets technical and engineering novelties and also a great view of the Alps.
Next ‘character’ of our cycle about symbolic means of public transport is yellow cab of New York. It is impossible to imagine the Big Apple and especially its centre, Manhattan, without those bright and incredibly handy cars. Seemingly, there are more “checkers” than people.
Having woken up and switched on TV, we are filling our house with the positive, energy, and bubbly laughing of those who make each our day easier and funnier on another side of the screen. Sometimes a spectator feels that world of television is the absolute holiday and festival, but too frequently our good mood and careless day is followed by the accurate and from times to times such a responsible work… Today the TV-host Grigoriy Reshetnyak shares with our readers the story of his success.
On the 15-th of June, 2017 in Kyiv there was Swedish and Ukrainian business forum organized by the Embassy of Sweden to Ukraine under the support of Swedish business community. For the sixth time the representatives of commercial and business communities of both countries have met in the capital of Ukraine so as to exchange the leading experience in different scopes.
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti with his unbelievable works.
The music as long as the eternity or, in other words, Continuous music is the genre which causes loud arguments in professional circles. Lubomyr Melnyk, Canadian composer of Ukrainian origination sees in his ‘child’ Continuous music continuation of classic traditions. Which rules his scripts follow will OUTLOOK tell in the following material of the rubrics ‘Look at us!’
The Embassy of Sweden to Ukraine and personally Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Martin Hagstrom spearheaded in Kyiv an evening dedicated to the song contest Eurovision – 2017 that is going these days in Ukrainian capital.