He made up his name to be one of a kind. Riot of his selfhood became the basis for enormous artistic heritage while architecture demonstrated the possibility to combine ecological compatibility with modern technologies.
Straight lines had been arousing Friedensreich Hundertwasser’s indignation since childhood. Dismal recollections of geometrically perfect columns of German soldiers marching his native Austria after its Anschluss by the Nazis are probably to blame. Since then the artist declared full-on war to regular shapes and this made him one of the most cognizable architects of the latest century. Bulbs that decorate Friedensreich’s buildings are known around the globe as a symbol of fight against straight alignment.
Shapes created by Hundertwasser could be called queer if not for author’s strict concept that touched not only upon his pictural and literary works but also upon his life style itself. The artist had always worn odd socks, proclaimed his manifestos fully naked and protested against enlargement of EU as a structure that deprives peoples of their authenticity. Hundertwasser was a homilist of tuneful coexistence with nature and at the same time a fighter for any displays of selfhood. Even small details in his projects testify to that: every Hunderwasser’s window is stylistically unique, roofs are all sown with grass and reach for the sky with tops of trees planted along the perimeter. Faces of buildings graphically demonstrate the master’s belief in “Window Right”: any cave dweller is entitled to paint outer walls of the apartment within arm’s reach.
Hundertwasser turned to architecture when he had already gained popularity as a painter. His passion for journeys attributed to it significantly. By the age of 40 he had travelled the whole Europe having mastered numerous languages, visited Japan and countries of Arab Peninsular and North Africa. Milestone in all this movements became Spain since it is there, in Barcelona, where our “window” demiurge got acquainted with the mystic legacy of Antoni Gaudi. The Ausitrian himself more than once admitted he had been under the influence of the king of modern.
Freethinking Hundertwasser felt architecture as if it was his third skin alongside his own skin and clothing. And despite his utmost whimsicality, the concept has awoken a decent echo in hearts of people in different countries. Hundertwasser’s houses can be seen not only in his motherland but also in Germany, Switzerland, USA, Japan and New Zealand. Among them there are small projects that the architect came up with redesign for, comprehensive architectural complexes and even industrial constructions. Hundertwasser wasn’t above embodying his ideas into creations of the most diverse scales. In his most famous house in Vienna about fifty apartments, cafés, parking and terraces are situated while just as pretentious a building in Magdeburg – the Green Citadel, concluded after the architect’s death, – is designed to accommodate over a hundred residential and office premises aside from a theatre and a hotel. It is noteworthy that Friedensreich refused to take payment for his Vienna project: it was enough for him that nothing ugly was erected in the place.
As an environmentalist Hundertwasser had always been interested in waste treatment issues. He stated that nature had no garbage and excrements so they shouldn’t evoke disgust in people. Philosophy of a like nature found its vent in designing of refuse burning factory in Vienna and even in erecting public lavatory in New Zealand. Both objects despite being literally trash-focused have amazing amounts of tourists willing to check them out.
To conclude with, back to our “geography of the concept” it is worth saying that it wasn’t only WC-building that connected Friedensreich to New Zealand. This country occupied a special place in his life, level with Spain. Here he erected his dream dwelling and was buried here as well. Everything according to his will: no clothing, no coffin, near the roots of a tree.
Seoul of South Korea that blisteringly turned from an ancient city of a poor country into a prospering capital of an advanced state over 20th century, definitely deserves respect; as much esteem is earned by those municipal officials and patriots who, in times of explosive industrialization, managed to preserve glorious heritage of the past – royal palaces of Joseon dynasty.
Should we have a look at notes of those who plan their trips to Spain, next to the darling of all hearts, Barcelona, Montserrat is bound to rank second. Also, the mountain of the abbey is a must-visit spot for local dwellers, too – they believe it necessary to visit Catalonia’s religious heart at least once a year.
On the threshold of a new academic year we simply couldn’t but inspire both current and future students with most impressive university and institute campuses. Those who have already received degree will probably get filled with admiration, too, and start thinking whether or not to get another one because in such places one hits the books especially fruitfully.
Approximately 53% of the world's population lives in cities, which in contrast to villages where highways are almost the same, consist of many routs: long and short, wide and narrow, beautiful and plain. There are no criteria: someone admires Rio slums more than Broadway Avenue. We will not judge what is best or worst, but just focus on data.
Sometimes it happens that you look at a postcard with a picture of a city and instantly realize that this is Kyiv, or Moscow, or Rome or your native village. And it isn’t courtesy of your geography teacher but back-breaking efforts of artisans with whose hands commonly familiar architecture masterpieces were created. Today we recall Italian conqueror of marble Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Austria Tyrol area is very distinctive. It has its unique cuisine, and even its own style of singing. Here the centuries-old history is perfectly coupled with natural beauty and sport facilities. Top of diversity manifestation is small mountain town of Innsbruck. It is the administrative centre of Tyrol, as well as one of the cleanest places in Europe, popular sports resort and a world-famous centre of contemporary art.
Where to look for Clementin, the narrowest hotel in Czech Republic merely 3.28 meters wide, how to chose between Pilsner Urquel, Krušovice and Gambrinus, when to feed gold-colored carps and why tram 91 has no peer? Elvira Matrosova learned about these and more. And despite the fact that this city stands on Vltava (Wilth-ahwa – literally means Wild water), it is aristocratic, consistent and calm yet far from Puritanism. Aroma of hop, buns and coffee all around is an unmistakable sign of Prague being glad to indulge all touristic weaknesses of yours – so get ready!
American Detroit was until recently known as the automotive capital. But nowadays it is more often than not mentioned in the context of decline and population outflow. Outlook decided to figure out why ghost cities emerge.
More than fifteen hundred years ago Romans were awe struck when they caught the very first sight of the Sistine Chapel. After that masters of painting were born and dead as well as whole pictural art styles. And contemporaries of you and me gape on the distinguished temple. However, while admiring another line intricacy and allusive painting theme, bear in mind that beneath the plot of glossy surface, as per usual, stand painfully familiar disputes with an impatient client, unpleasant surprises from nature and damaged health of painters-executants.
They become the place for the coolest parties, source of extraordinary ideas and unpredictable discoveries. Nowadays whole houses, temples, gardens, pools and stadiums reach peaks of their popularity – all of them on tops of buildings.
"A small territory with a great mission" is the motto under which on February 11, 1929 Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See recognized Vatican as a sovereign territory. It was an agreement which opened doors for curious patrons who for centuries had been trading gossip about "What is kept inside Vatican castles?". Evil tongues grumbled that the walled enclave protected magic books of how to seize the world, the castle’s cellars hide torture chambers for sinners, and after liturgies alchemists are busy inventing the Philosopher's Stone. But when museums welcomed visitors, both guests and the Romans gasped with delight. Collectors estimated that the cost of all the works of art featured by almost the smallest country in the world, is 150 times more than the world's GDP.
Three years ago Austrian tour operatorslaunched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fansof singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place where Alpine herdsmen used to have unhurried musical conversations with their flocks.
The Embassy of Palestine in Ukraine and personally Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Mohammed Al-Assad organized a trip for journalists to Palestine. OUTLOOK team was among them. We launch a series of videos about this country and start with Bethlehem!
The cold season brings not only such important things as wrapping into a reindeer sweater, drinking hot chocolate and once again reviewing Christmas comedies. Thus, sport has not been canceled yet, so OUTLLOK compiled top five ski resort bucket list for you to cheer up and get out of your winter sleep.
The word is, Guy de Maupassant hated Eiffel Tower. The famous writer believed that it was uglifying the face of Paris without benefiting the city. Nevertheless, he could be often seen in a cozy cafe on the top of the construction. In such cases the author of “Bel Ami” used to say that “it was the only way the damned tower dropped out of his sight…”
Here were born composer Mozart and poet Georg Trakl, here Haydn wrote his operas, and many other famous people are connected with Salzburg. But only a small part of local attractions is linked to these geniuses. A city with a fairly small population, thanks to its memorable places was listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Site.
Throughout winter, fabulous Vienna hosts balls season. As a guest or dancer, you can enjoy ball party in many cities, including Ukrainian ones, though the best choice is the capital of Austria – Vienna. Why it is so, and how to make a few pas towards one of the most spectacular events of the world, the OUTLOOK interviewed the only Ukraine dance sommelier Ivan Pavlov.
First exhibition of paintings in the world’s most visited museum the Louvre was opened on 1793. But its building was well-known far beyond France, though the edifice was not used with such lofty cultural purposes.
Why have three wives if there is a chance to get hold of jewels? And as soon as a name of a king becomes “nourished” with a collection of family relics, one can start thinking about the one and only who will continue a reputed kin. Knowing that Thirty Years’ War was about to begin, Christian IV of Denmark and Norway ordered to build a castle that would be impossible to destroy.