RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Enjoy  >  Not just black

Not just black

Author: 03.11.2017 | art, personality
November 3, 2008, at the auction Sotheby's with a result of $ 60 million was sold one of the rarest works in the history of Russian art - Kazimir Malevich's Suprematist Composition. Malevich is still considered to be one of the most difficult to understand artists of the 20th century.Kazimir Malevich is still one of the most difficult to understand artists of the 20th century. As if mocking at the public, he signed some of his early works: The content of the paintings unknown to the author. OUTLOOK collected stories connected with personality, creativity, and the name of the artist and hopes that it will bring readers to understand the suprematist.

The cult painting Black Square was created in four copies. The two are owned by the Tretyakov Gallery, one is in the State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg. The fourth painting was acquired by Russian Inkombank from the artist’s relatives in 1993 for USD 250 thousand. The picture allegedly was rediscovered by the family in a closet at the bottom of a box with potatoes. In 1998, the bank used the Black Square as its main asset in settling accounts with its creditors as it went into bankruptcy. The global art market hyped up, the Russian government banned an open auction lest the masterpiece leave the country. In 2001, that Black Square was sold for USD1 million to Russian tycoon Vladimir Potanin, owner of Norilsk Nickel, who then handed it over to the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.

Photo: kiеv.life

The first and the oldest version of the Black Square was unveiled in 1915 at the Last Exhibition of Futurist Painting 0.10 in Moscow. The name of the exhibition stands for: concept of "0" means the end of art in its traditional sense, and "10" is the first avant-garde step in the direction of the unknown. By this step Malevich meant the Suprematism. However, his fellow exhibition artist's forbade him to use the word as they did not understand what Malevich had in mind. 

Pablo Picasso: from dynamite to poetry

The Suprematist movement for the first time in the history of art, proclaimed supremacy of shape and colour over image. It is believed that with this exhibition Malevich actually managed to "bury" the old. It is said that Picasso lost interest in Cubism after he had seen the Square.

Photo: dоwn.3zitie.cn

The second version of the Black Square in 1923 Malevich had to paint because by-then crack-painted original looked awful: over time the paint has just peeled off from spectacular blackness of previous canvas. This is what happens when the picture is painted on top of the other. The poor Malevich did not really have a blank canvas, and he had to experiment on his older jobs. Later, with help of spectral analysis, conservators restored "original" picture. It turned out to be a red triangle inscribed inside a square.

Flowers in Ukrainian Style. Kateryna Bilokur

The Black Square is painted with small accented brushstrokes in the Impressionists style. Interestingly, it is made of mixed colours, none of which is black. Besides, none of its sides are parallel to the frame. It turns out that the black square is not a square, and certainly is not black. Initially, the masterpiece had the name of the Quadrilateral.

Photo: mеdium.cоm

Malevich left the following signature on the painting: "I STARTED everything." Malevich said that it had been painted in a sort of "ecstatic fury" when he "seen fiery lightings on the canvas." When delivering a public lecture at the closing of the 0.10 exhibition, Malevich called the square his second ideal "ego", "living royal infant, a child of the fourth dimension and risen Christ." This work became his business card, signature and obsession. A few years before his death he designed for himself the Suprematist style coffin with black square and triangle on the lid. The last square in the artist's life was the foundation of his favourite oak tree in the Nemchinovka Village (a 100-by-100-centimeter) where, according to his will, he was buried.

Photo: ccmеrksem.bе

The story goes that in 1930, during his second imprisonment (for "spying for Germany") Malevich invented faceted table-glass. Artist supposedly "got sick and tired" with the fragility of official drinkware and he decided to reinforce it with "strengthening ribs". Released, the artist shared his idea with the author of the sculpture the Worker and Collective Farm Woman Vera Mukhina, and together they designed this cult USSR object. Sad to say, this is a myth. Faceted table-glasses have been produced in the city of Gus-Khrustalny since 1943. Newly designed form was fit to be washed using just invented dish washing machines. So glassware breakage was prevented.

THIS IS NOT A MAY DAY DEMONSTRATION

Nevertheless, Malevich still laid the foundations of Soviet design. Our grandparents and even parents will remember eau de cologne Severny, which was manufactured until the mid 90s. Its bottle was designed by the artist in 1908 when he was in need of money, at the request of the famous Russian perfumer Alexandr Brocard. The bottle looked like an iceberg with a proud polar bear on the top.

Photo: monаh.clаn.su

Cardboard, plaster and wood were used by Malevich to design three-dimensional architectural models, which he called "architectonics": the volume composition in which geometric shapes "bumped" into each other at right angle. The artist believed that it will be the future architecture. And although that time he was ridiculed, configuration of many vertical architectonics really resembles modern skyscrapers. In addition, it is believed that Malevich’s ideas were used in the design of the main building of Moscow State University.

Photo: dаvidhannafordmitchell.tumblr.com

Main photo: wixstаtic.com

It will be interesting:
Person of the Year: Benchmarks for Success
The winners of the international and special prizes of the 22nd nationwide program. Person of the Year – 2017 were designated.
President accepted credentials from the ambassadors of Netherlands, Lebanon, Sudan
President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko accepted credentials from the ambassadors of several foreign countries: Netherlands - Eduard Hoeks, Lebanon - Ali Daher, Sudan - Mohamed Eisa Ismail Dahab.
VIDEO. Bethlehem: perfect holiness
The Embassy of Palestine in Ukraine and personally Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Mohammed Al-Assad organized a trip for journalists to Palestine. OUTLOOK team was among them. We launch a series of videos about this country and start with Bethlehem!
Christmas Eve and What’s to Follow
Christmas arrives with a warm overjacket on its shoulders. At night it brings warm light of the first evening star and in the morning it wakes you up with shine of white but warm sun. If my great-grandmonther’s grandmother had been asked about her Christmas feelings, I believe, her words would have been identical to mine. Because together with a bowl of kutia, generations of Ukrainians transfer their traditions from hand to hand.
INNSBRUCK: FABULOUS CITY FRAMED BY THE ALPS
Austria Tyrol area is very distinctive. It has its unique cuisine, and even its own style of singing. Here the centuries-old history is perfectly coupled with natural beauty and sport facilities. Top of diversity manifestation is small mountain town of Innsbruck. It is the administrative centre of Tyrol, as well as one of the cleanest places in Europe, popular sports resort and a world-famous centre of contemporary art.
SLIPPERY FUN: WORLD ICE RINKS
They build ice hotels and carve ice fountains pouring white wine, make samovars and even kerosene lamps. Photographers went even far and got the hand to use dry ice to create the effect of smoke and fog in picture. In search of more and more sophisticated ways to use frozen water, humanity almost forgot about another fascinating feature it suggests. So, dig into your wardrobes and find lovely hats with pompoms, fluffy "ears", scarves, mittens, sweaters and... skates. In the spirit of holidays, OUTLOOK prepared for you a selection of the world most popular ice arenas.
The Snow Queen would envy…
Icerink instead of heated floor. Bomber hat and a puffer jacket as an alternative to terry robe. Eco-hotels and cafes in Canada, Romania and even hot Dubai offer a possibility to have leisure time a-la North Pole.
SNOW-COVERED PEAKS
The cold season brings not only such important things as wrapping into a reindeer sweater, drinking hot chocolate and once again reviewing Christmas comedies. Thus, sport has not been canceled yet, so OUTLLOK compiled top five ski resort bucket list for you to cheer up and get out of your winter sleep.
Unique Lapland: country of wonders within the Polar circle
The closer winter holidays are, the louder all-nation weeping for the lost charms of New Year night is. Rains, fogs, and ordinary tiredness obstructed the way of joy into city, and fairy-tale stands back at the North, in far Lapland. The shivering glow of the polar lights fleshes out the ancient tales and blows off the golden dust from the holiday cards directing way to the village of Santa Claus where Christmas fires have never gone down.
MULLED WINE: YUMMY WAY TO KEEP WARM
Vitamins, development of resistance to cold, correct day regimen... That's all good and useful, especially when the winter weather swirls in, but sometimes we all have to pamper ourselves and at the same time to be protected against germs and colds. And the best way to do it is to sip some mulled wine.
ESKIMO IGLOO: IT IS AS EASY AS PIE TO BUILD CASTLES IN... SNOW
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
The most beautiful churches in the world: charm and divine power
The architecture of temples has interesting and sometimes controversial history. Quite often the novelties and fundamentals of movements in architecture started with the building of temples with sophisticated design. The Polish Roman Catholic churches are rather bright in their beauty.
The citizens of Otavalo valley. Useful Indians
They didn’t get as much problems from conquistadors as other native people of Latin America had. The rumors touched the interesting fact how the inhabitants of valley Otavalo quickly reached royal chambers. They also were masterful in getting the cloth from wool of lamas and vicunas created by the Indians. Spanish men put a render fee to the high art while Otavalo citizens were called as ‘useful Indians’.
Departure: Satoyama
In Japan there is a city with the citizens who trust each other. It seems that they drink water from one source that flows along their houses. As well, they wash hands after the meals in the same places. Satoyama in translation means an ideal place for life in harmony with the nature. It is situated in Northern prefecture Gifu that is isolated from the rest of the world with the mountain tops and rice fields.
Vitaliy Klichko organized diplomatic reception honor of New Year holidays
The mayor of Kyiv Vitaliy Klichko carried out traditional diplomatic reception in the city administration on the occasion of upcoming holidays, New Year and Christmas.
The Embassy of Sweden in Ukraine celebrated Saint Lucia Day
On the 13-th of December in Kyiv some traditional Swiss holiday, Saint Lucia Day, was celebrated.
The Embassy of Spain to Ukraine organized official events in Kyiv
On the 13-th of December in National library of Ukraine for children the ceremony of giving books happened. Afterwards, in the residence the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Spain to Ukraine Silvia Cortes Martin organized diplomatic reception.
The Ambassador of Kazakhstan organized diplomatic reception in honor of Independence Day
In honor of the 26-th anniversary of Republic Kazakhstan, in Kyiv the reception was carried out. In honor of this event in Kazakhstan as well as all around the world the important official and celebration events are going, such as conferences, round tables, diplomatic receptions.
STEP OVER THRESHOLD: THE MAGICAL ART OF THE HUICHOL PEOPLE
Dazzling flashes of ancient knowledge manifested in colourful shimmering beads and in elaborated yarn mosaics by Huichol Indians, captivate the imagination calling for an endless journey through branches of the world tree. Spiritual images take on flesh in intricate ornaments that accompany a Mexican peasant throughout his life. Twilight land of legends always have a shelter for a weary traveller: no one is alone on the paths of spirits.
ON CATWALK: HAITI
When Hawaii folk costume is mentioned, imagination immediately pictures a hula skirt with lei flower necklace and coconuts; the same immediate association is gorgeous sari embracing India; while Japan is tightly folded into silk kimono.
Close
Outlook facebook page