RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  Flamenco: guitar crying and fierce stomping

Flamenco: guitar crying and fierce stomping

Author: 17.10.2016 | art
What most people know about flamenco, is that this dance is manifestation of neither love and affection, nor entertainment and revelry fun. Fiery expressive flamenco is reflection of suffering and pain of an individual within nation, always persecuted and deprived of home. The dance itself, which has become a global symbol of Spain, is not only its national heritage, but aesthetic mix of cultures of Spanish, Roma, Jewish and Arab peoples.

It's getting dark, heartrending sound of guitar, a dancer in a long dress and a shawl is slowly coming out on stage. She is following rhythm strongly and sharply with percussive footwork. Her graceful hands are turning smoothly, like an opening flower bud. Plasticity of her arms seems to echo all the pain and expressiveness of the performance. She spins her shawl, then wraps it around her graceful figure. Moment, and her hands firmly and deliberately grab her skirt and start playing with its hem swaying like fluttering flames...

Flamenco is not just a dance but an independent culture: fusion of guitar, vocal, dance and theatre art dressed in garments of distinctive style. The most striking element of this multi-level product is intricate dance movements.

Complicated is not only the history of flamenco, but the dance itself. It is an abundance of melisma, sophisticated framework of rhythmic patterns, and many variations. Therefore, even the precise record of its notes, expressive steps and movements is impossible. So the original culture of flamenco can only be passed down individually by one person to another, only a talented teacher, a native of this culture, can teach you to dance.

Flamenco is performed with partner like any other ballroom dance, at the same time it is considered a folk genre that provides for many performers. But in fact, one dancer can be enough because flamenco gives each performer boundless opportunities of individual expression. It glorifies freedom, manifests deep loneliness and lifelong restlessness, welcomes improvisations. Flamenco dancers have to pass feelings through their souls, and so display innermost emotions in their recital - each dancer needs to be self-sufficient and unique, hence, they are completely independent.

Required components of flamenco are a long dress and a black suit for a couple of dancers, a fan is optional. Also, flamenco is not possible without the following attributes:

  • castanets - tiny percussion instrument
  • palmas - handclapping
  • strikes in cajon - percussion box
  • sapadeado - rhythmic feet stomping
  • pitos - finger snapping
  • floreo - turn of hand with its opening.
  • In order to understand the origin of flamenco, we should investigate the etymology of its name. And everything is not easy - there are many suggestions for the origin of the word flamenco. The most common of these links flamenco with Latin word "flamma" - fire. It could have been a derivative of "Flanders". The Romas, who laid the foundations of flamenco tradition, came to Andalusia from Flanders. There is also possible connection with the word "flamingo": in Spanish it is also called "flamenco". Researchers believe these theories are interconnected, but the essence of flamenco is more clear when considering them in synergy.

    The origin of flamenco traditions is often associated with gypsy tribes of ancient India. Driven from their homeland, in 1400 they came to Andalusia (Southern Spain province) and found more or less safe haven. And their dancing, mingling with the unique culture of these places, resulted in flamenco, displaying dramatic fate of nomadic people.

    But in fact, the history of the formation of flamenco is much more difficult. And the basis of it is Andalusia. Even before the onset of AD, there existed an ancient European state called Tartessus. It was inhabited by highly educated people who were distinctive by their own musical culture. Writers of Antiquity even pointed out that the laws of this state, collected in the book Six Thousand Poems were written in rhythmical form. In 2nd - 10th centuries Greek-Byzantine religious chant was introduced into the culture. It also played a role in the formation of flamenco. Further, in the 18th century Andalusian classical music was formed. This process was influenced by the Arab tribes of Berbers who came here. In the 15th -16th centuries the Romas came there from India. So, contact of traditions of all these original cultures led to birth of flamenco. Modernity also introduced its experimental touches, such as Cuban motifs and notes of jazz.

    Spaniards do not deny the Romas influence on dancing, which has become a national treasure of their country. The famous Spanish poet Federico García Lorca described his feeling of dance "Gypsy sigiriyya begins with terrible cry, which divides the world into two ideal hemisphere, it is the cry of past generations, yearning for the vanished epochs, passionate recollection of love under the moon and other wind..."

    It will be interesting:
    METRO beauty
    Residents of big cities almost daily use the subway as a transport means. Alas, in the rapid pace of modern life a few people can afford to enjoy the design of these transit hubs. OUTLOOK is not able to stop time, but allow us to highlight fifteen of the most mesmerizing underground subway station from all around the world.
    The magnificent world of land-art: Patrick Dougherti
    Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti.
    Houses that they build…Unusual houses
    Treehouses, dug-outs and secret shelters – all the things we used to build when children. Unfortunately, as we grow older, fantasy fades and most of us now live in uncomfortable grey “boxes”. However, there are people who have created dwellings of their dreams by themselves.
    The Ambassador Elena Leticia Teresa Mikusinski held a diplomatic reception, the world-famous Argentine singer Gerónimo Rauch became an honored guest
    The Column Hall of the Kyiv City State Administration on June 11 welcomed guests of the Embassy of the Argentine Republic to Ukraine on the occasion of a national day. The Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, representatives of the government and its agencies, partners of the embassy, the business community and the media lined up to congratulate the head of a foreign diplomatic institution and express their greetingss to friendly Argentina.
    Let's have a seat!
    Walking along the Kyiv Landscape Alley, you always notice amazing benches created by Ukrainian masters. My favorite one is with a blanket and a pillow, because it seems comfortable even in inclement weather. Sitting on it, I remembered a picture from my childhood: the grandmothers take a long board out of the house, put it at one end on the stump, the other - on the railing of the entrance, and it turns out to be a bench. Wasn't it a design miracle?
    Art of topiary
    When I, as a little girl, for the first time passed my hand over trimmed bush, my palm got scratched with sharp edges of twigs and lasting arborvitae fragrance hit my nose. Mesmerized, I was not able to take my eyes away from the cones, balls and squares that surrounded me in the park of a small resort town. I felt like being inside a fairy tale, where behind the leaves I could notice a smile of the Cheshire Cat.
    Step over threshold: The magical art of the huichol
    Dazzling flashes of ancient knowledge manifested in colourful shimmering beads and in elaborated yarn mosaics by Huichol Indians, captivate the imagination calling for an endless journey through branches of the world tree. Spiritual images take on flesh in intricate ornaments that accompany a Mexican peasant throughout his life.
    White gold of Tianxia. Chinese porcelain
    The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
    Belgian lace: Waltz of a thousand threads
    At the sight of Flemish lacework it is hard to shake the feeling that miraculous flowers, artfully braided into a wreath of a pattern, were born from loose sparks that had escaped a magic wand. On the inside of the beauty there are efforts and days of jetsam girls, stolen from life by labyrinth of openwork loops.
    Rice fields: Grains of unbelievable beauty
    - Do you want to try some rice? - such a question is greeted by guests in China. And if the owners are also farmers, they can invite you on an unusual excursion and show you the masterpiece of natural art. The grass which we often eat without thinking about its aesthetics, at the time of growing resembles a blanket woven from multi-colored rags ...
    Shadows in Paradise: The way modern art surprises the Lovers of the unconventional
    A borderline between the shadow and the light is just as contrasting as the one between the dream and the reality. Therefore artists use both things in pursuit of balance on a painting. Landscapes, portraits and still-life… nothing ever goes without the clash of the opposites. However there are particularly crafty artisans who do not need light at all. Shadow alone is enough.
    Kamasan: Village of masterpieces in Bali
    Bali is one of the most popular places to spend winter. Ocean, volcanoes, amazing nature and exotic fruits... But there is also one more reason that not many people know of, yet it definitely deserves attention: Kamasan, a unique art village where namesake Balinese picture art was conceived – as ancient as the island itself. We are going to tell about it today on the pages of the OUTLOOK.
    Art of Patrick Cabral: paper as a symbol of fragility of our world
    Independent artist originally from the Philippines, Patrick Cabral conquers the world with his unusual artwork. His creations are an innovation that combines the age-old traditions of calligraphy and cutting-edge 3D technologies. His art is a way to change the world for the better, both through aesthetics and through the fulfillment of a social mission.
    Pablo Picasso: Poet for his era
    About Picasso as a distinctive artist, graphic artist and sculptor, we know to some extent everything. Meanwhile, his other incarnations are pushed into the background. Ilya Ehrenburgh once very concisely described Pablo Picasso’s relations with his era: “20th century found in him its own dynamite expert, its own philosopher and its own poet”.
    Superflat: Concept of contemporary Japanese art
    Anime admirers would never pass by contemporary Japanese art. Especially if this trend is directly related to manga comics. Artist Takashi Murakami was the first to think about how to dub an art that catches inspiration in every new anime, but speaks of eternal values, interlacing with the ethnic canvases of Western artists.
    Glass Handmade
    Exclusive glass vases and Christmas tree decorations that only exist in one or two samples, aside from high price, most often also have in common unique production technology that is mastered by representatives of a rare profession – glass-blower. The history of the craft has lasted for a couple of millennia with some old secrets of handmade production still kept under seal.
    Murals: New Approach to Olden Art
    Modern cities cannot be imagined without murals – large-scale in size works of picture art that decorate buildings. Not only we have gathered most outstanding works in our collection but also tried to learn as many interesting things as possible about this art movement.
    Hayley King and her pictures: New Zealand on the border of beauty-new
    The artist from New Zealand Hayley King working under the brand FLOX is well-known all over the world for the fascinating pictures showing the enlightened beauty of wild nature. Her colorful birds, picturesque landscapes, and fairy-tale-like animals remind us about the necessity to get united with the primordial nature. Hayley King creates the type of art giving inspiration and vitality. She is concentrated onto recognition of ancient heritage of the sacral places and making it spread among the wide publics. In the interview the artist told us about her social projects, travels and the modern cultural trends inherent to New Zealand.
    Azulejo: Story of tiles
    You often got convinced that skilful hands of a master who puts life into his creation, can transform humble tree stump into a charming violin, piece of plaster becomes an ancient sculpture, and even clay tile looks like a work of fine art.
    Fado: Gentleness and deftness of Portuguese romances
    Twelve-string guitar, the twilight of Portuguese nights, candles, and soul-gripping voice… Dramatic incentives of fado song tell about unrequited love. It cannot appear in the crossroads of destinies; however, it enables feelings to embody into the touching sounds of Portuguese romances.
    Close
    Outlook facebook page