Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Refugees: from Outside and from Inside

Refugees: from Outside and from Inside

Автор: 22.09.2015 | society
Forty six million people left their homes. Almost naked, barefoot and hungry they set on looking for a new shelter. Persecuted with fear, desperation and sicknesses they left for the unknown, for the mercy of strange not always hospitable people. Unfortunately, this is a part of modern world history…

Every four seconds on the planet one person becomes a refugee. Afghanistan, Somali, Iraq, Sudan, Mali, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia and Syria – in these countries even today it is easy to become a victim of a sniper or be blown up by a mine.

According to data of the UN, among last year’s leading refuge donor countries there are Syria and highly unsafe Afghanistan.

Sadly enough, almost half of them are kids. At that some of them were forced to separate from their parents, others decided to abandon their homes voluntarily. Neither former no latter ones have no guarantee of seeing their fathers and mothers ever again.

Annually European Union allocates about 840 million euro for the needs of migrants. Money goes for development of temporary facilities, medical care, legal support and integration. Among countries that register largest number of applications there are Germany, France, United Kingdom and Belgium. Some countries have permanent support programs for such cases; based on them they allocate certain permanent quotas. For instance, in Sweden it constitutes 1 900 and in Norway 1 400 refugees per year. Among states with most loyal refugees admission system there are USA, Canada, Australia and Republic of South Africa. Annually they offer permanent residence to over ten thousand people.

It is believed that refugee camps are built for a time. However, they in fact last for much longer than two or three moths. As a result of long-time service water supply systems fail. Stale water, heat and unsanitary conditions cause splashes of infectious diseases. With time dwellings become too small as families grow. In many camps there is no heating. Refugees have to stock up on firewood on their own outside borders of designated territories which in turn leads to deforestation.

Long-operating camps frequently become crime-prone areas involved in drug and weapon trafficking and organized crimes centers. Sometimes armed groups establish control over them to use them as bases like, for instance, mujahedeen in Pakistan, Contras in Honduras and Interahamwe in Eastern Zaire do. Refugee camps are often subject to bombardments, shell-fire and raids that aim at taking hostages, means of transport and food supplies.

Dadaab camp in the north of Kenya, which accommodated over quarter million refugees, is on the verge of a disaster. It is so full of Somalis that new-arriving people are forced to get settled outside it. Women and children, who constitute majority of the camp’s population, live in constructions made of sticks, polyethylene and boxes. It takes efforts to find a toilet in the territory and water is delivered to Dadaab only from time to time. Dadaab operates for over twenty years. Whole generations of the Somalis grew up there in poverty and hardship and their life can be short and cheerless.

Just as creepy and insecure place is two refugee camps for Palestinians in western part of Beirut. They are separated with several minutes’ walk but united with a tragedy that took place in 1982. Back then in the course of war in Middle East Lebanese Christian Phalangists undertook a military operation in Sabra and Shatila refugee camps to eliminate Palestinian gunmen. According to various data, from seven to thirty five hundred people were slaughtered, among them not just Palestinians but also Algerians, Paskistanis and those who came from other countries to find shelter in Beirut. Over thirty years passed since the tragedy. People still live in Sabra and Shatila, in rickety shacks with traces of bullets, in insanitary conditions, with constant electricity and water supply shortages. Policemen try not to go there and locals are afraid to go out in the dark. Dwellers of these camps have right to neither education, nor job. Majority holds out by selling old belongings. Their income is hardly enough for meager food. There is no money for medication. They are lucky if another mission comes in so they’ll be able to get necessary meds. Otherwise in Sabra and Shatila one can die from an ordinary flue.

One of the new settlements for refugees is located five kilometers away from the border of Turkey, in Kilis. Syrians live there. There are no tents, garbage, crowds and queues for humanitarian aid. Over two thousand painted containers make for a settlement of a kind. There are two schools for five thousand children, mosques, a shop, an ambulance station, a market, a bank branch, playing grounds and a police station. There is even free Internet access. Every “house” is connected to central wastewater disposal; almost every dweller has a satellite dish. Population of the camp constitutes 11 thousand people. Kilis camp cost Turkish coffer 35 million dollars. Several more go monthly on its maintenance: policemen salaries, utility bills, money allowances for guests of Turkey. Local dwellers don’t have a status of refugees – they are called people temporarily taken under protection.

Annually state bodies of Ukraine are addressed for a refugee status by up to two thousand people. But only one out of ten get it. These are mainly people of Afghan, Somali, Syrian, Uzbek and Kyrgyz descent. According to Ukrainian legislation status of a refugee is granted for five years. Than State Migration Service has a right to make a decision on its prolongation or initiate revoke procedure. At the same time, after three years of being a refugee a person has a right to apply for citizenship.

Annually United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine allocates 300 thousand dollars on granting social and medical aid to asylum seekers in Ukraine. Alongside this, the organization helps refugees integrate into society, in particular, it encourages national language studying and acquiring specialty as well as relocation to a third state if a person cannot be granted help in the territory of our country.

OUTLOOK found several people in such a situation and here’s what they’ve told us:

Brahima Dembele of Malian descent has lived in Ukraine since 1989. Over this period he changed several professions while seeking means of subsistence. He taught French, worked in trade and in a pharmaceutical company. However not long ago he decided to become a tailor and sew blankets. Together with his wife he launched a business of his own. The man works at home so far but he plans to rent premises for a workshop and hire employees.

Marianna Nkiavete Nana came from Angola. She has lived in Ukraine since 1992. Originally the woman traded in a street market. But at one point embroidery caught her fancy so she decided to try her hand in it. Having mastered simple cross-stitched patterns she began creating interiors. Now she works at a designer materials shop and even manages to be getting higher education at the same time.

Alongside that, according to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine this year over five thousands citizens of Crimea were forced to abandon their homes. They are defined as internal migrants and were accommodated on the mainland part of the country. Poland received the largest number of application for asylum from Ukrainians this year. A couple of dozens Ukrainians asked for refugee status in neighboring Moldova.

Вам это будет интересно:
One Lives And Learns – World’s Most Interesting Campuses
With this article, we want to inspire both current and future students with a selection of the most impressive universities and institute campuses. Those who have already received degree will probably get filled with admiration, too, and start thinking whether or not to get another one because in such places one hits the books especially fruitfully.
Bajau: Seafarers of Southeast Asia
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau - nomadic seafarers who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
26 terrifying facts about Holocaust
Holocaust is one of the most atrocious tragedies where humanity has been involved because of biased views on the supremacy of one race over another. It hides inhuman pain, tortures, and sufferings. Condemned people have not given in easily, and world knows a great deal of bravery acts on the edge of death.
Peacekeeping Is Power: United Nations Day
United Nations Organization was created in order to cease global violence, protect human rights and eradicate poverty. On October, 24, 1945 founding states ratified the treaty on creation of global body that acquired the name the UN.
Ankara is the capital of…
Because of different reasons, mainly due to its travel population and size, Istanbul is perceived by the majority of tourists, even by those who had been to Turkey, as the capital of this country even though it is verily Ankara. We are going to talk about this city that is so Turkish and international simultaneously.
Not Just Oil and Tourism: Safari from African Employers
There are many options in the world that a person can master. North America has given a boost to startups and the banking sector, Asia - to high technology, Europe - to medicine ... And let's find out what do people do on the sunniest continent in the world?
World ghettos: Paris in hebrew style
Fresh and crunchy pita breads, prayerful synagogues, kosher restaurants and sweetest people with payot and kind eyes - to see this picture, do not fly to Israel, just drop into Paris based district called the Marais, the story about which adds to our articles devoted to national ghettos.
Luxembourg: time for everything
Modern infrastructure, soft fiscal and legal systems made Luxembourg one of the most attractive countries for business of every kind. It took the duchy less than half a century to achieve this wealth level.
Incredible school lessons from around the world
Grinding away at their books to master basics of algebra and geometry, or memorizing years of monarchs’ reign skimming history textbooks is commonplace for schoolchildren all over the world while getting ready for a test in cybersecurity or boasting to have “A”s in beekeeping is strange at the vey least. Hereafter we are going to touch upon these and other unusual classes taught in foreign schools.
Everyone needs money. Currency of the world
They are referred to differently in every other place but are loved, probably, in the same way everywhere. Sure enough, we talk about money or more precisely their “second names” because alongside official ones currencies have common nicknames which is not so well known, but clearly deserves attention!
Little pets of big cities
Germans have other pets besides German Shepherds and in Boston not just Boston Terriers can be seen. People choose dogs relying on own preferences. But sometimes locals are too prone to having a certain breed so it becomes a distinctive of a location. Natural conditions, fashion and even set of mind contribute to it.
Ghost cities: Detroit, Oradour-sur-Glane, Pripyat, Chenggong
American Detroit was until recently known as the automotive capital. But nowadays it is more often than not mentioned in the context of decline and population outflow. Outlook decided to figure out why ghost cities emerge.
No Cliché
Can you imagine a German who is late? Or a Japanese who sits in the office during working hours and twiddles his thumbs? Or at least a Spaniard who beavers away from morning till night? Hardly – and it is all courtesy of stereotypes and clichés that are stuck to one people or another. Today we not only talk about them – we defy them.
It’s all in your hands. Why it is useful to be ambidextrous
Ambidextrous people demonstrate the unique brain abilities confirming latent human genius. Interestingly, those abilities can be trained by hands. The recent studies show that there are more people born equally skilled with either upper limb than we think, and perhaps you are one of them.
EXCLUSIVE: Ambassadors of 29 countries participated in a social project of OUTLOOK to the Day for Tolerance. VIDEO
OUTLOOK Project, bringing together peoples and nations, strives to makes this world more kind and its representatives more attentive to each other. We sincerely believe that mutual respect is a key to dealing with many conflicts, troubles and misunderstandings of the world of today.
Berlin. Holocaust. Places of memory
Thanks to of the Jewish Forum of Ukraine and personally to the President Arkady Monastyrski OUTLOOK visited Berlin and visited places connected with terrible crimes of the Holocaust. And today, when in Ukraine are preparing for the 75th anniversary of the Babi Yar tragedy, we have decided to recall the places still storing traces of the Holocaust.
No Battery: Tortures with Art
There is a reason why they say that even goods things are good to an extent – even art served in a certain manner may not just bring joy and help experience catharsis but also break psyche down. On how exactly beauty serves as an instrument of torture – read below in Outlook.
World ghettos: Colorful Paris
Today another story of our series of articles devoted to the world ethnic ghettos will tell you about one of the most dangerous districts of the world - Barbès neighbourhood of Paris.
«AN HOUR BEFORE»: New Police Patrol
OUTLOOK continues series of features "..." and this time we were lucky to witness how a crew of New Police Patrol is getting ready for duty. So, today we suggest you figure out how morning of these courageous people in charge of our safety begins.
Cairo: Living in a Burial Vault Or When Your Neighbors Are Corpses
The capital of Egypt is a metropolis with 17 million of population and one of population’s highest densities on the globe. In order to have at least some kind of roof over one’s head, some people have to live at railway stations, some acquire status of refugees and others even have to settle at cemeteries. About half a million of the Cairene who live among toms read further in Outlook!
Outlook facebook page