The capital of Egypt is a metropolis with 17 million of population and one of population’s highest densities on the globe. In order to have at least some kind of roof over one’s head, some people have to live at railway stations, some acquire status of refugees and others even have to settle at cemeteries. About half a million of the Cairene who live among toms read further in Outlook!
Frequent political crises and revolutions prevent the capital as well as the whole country from developing therefore there isn’t enough premises for everyone. Due to the fact that the city doesn’t occupy that large a territory with its population growing day-to-day, millions of citizens are forced to live without permanent roof over their heads. Among those people, ones with no fixed abode, there is a special caste – those who have invaded the City of the Dead.
In the central and most ancient part of Cairo now and again all kinds of burial vaults, mausoleums and gravesites can be seen. Such objects are tidy and protected by either the state or heirs, they used to appear sporadically and now one can come across them everywhere but there is one spot that stands out among them. We talk about a giant six-kilometer-long necropolis with people living in its territory. It is located in the vicinity of the famous Citadel; the district together with neighboring slums is called simple and clear el-Arafa that translates as “cemetery”. Touristic names of the place in English will hardly tell anything to taxi drivers so should you venture and trip there, quote either the Citadel or Hussein Square as your destination point – you can walk from there.
The sight that greets tourists’ eyes definitely isn’t for faint-hearted ones. Thousands of tombs, those of ordinary dwellers as well as shrines and family burial vaults of sultans and statesmen, are invaded by the homeless. In improvised streets – space between graves – they play football, sell products and essential commodities, ride bicycles and open shops. According to unofficial data, at least half a million citizens live there and all of them don’t find place of their residence surprising at all justifying it by the facts that real estate in Cairo is expensive, salaries are low – and there are so many “apartments” there; yeah, neighbors are corpses – so what? “Lodgers” equip vaults to their own taste – some install satellite dishes on roofs to watch TV-series and news, others attempt to arrange for water supply and some even undertake capital replanning of shrines. It is important to mention that invaded graves aren’t necessarily abandoned, most of them are visited by relatives of a deceased from time to time and they are made pay for invaders to keep the construction in order and not touch remains of a corpse. At that it is impossible to throw unwelcome guests away by force – there they stand for each other through thick and thin so in case of a conflict with one dweller one will have to deal with several hundred others.
It all sounds creepy and maybe even improbable but that’s true Cairo on the inside and it is so unlike the one that touristic one where majority of guide takes foreigners from all over the planet. Neither local authorities nor police can bring el-Arafa to order for over fifty years since first dwellers settled there. Those were refugees from the region of the Suez Canal. Later other provincials followed their lead – they rushed to the capital for the sake of earnings and tried to solve their lodging issues this way. But probably the most amazing thing is that not only indigent and migrants inhabit the cemetery – many aboriginal Cairene prefer moving there to rent their own real estate out. They don’t rob the likes of them there, unlike the attitude towards nosy tourists; warm climate allows not to strain too much over solidity of a roof above one’s head, it only rains a couple of times a year and as to lack of communications and simple hygiene – they can live with that…
Over recent years, especially after revolution of 2011 and fall of Mubarak’s regime, Egyptian officials are seriously concerned about the City of the Dead. They have already launched various social programs on providing people with accommodations and even relocated about a hundred thousand of them to other districts. But experience has proven that it’s not just about weak economy – rather attitude of certain people matters: why work a lot to rent a dwelling somewhere if one can get by on occasional incomes and live for free in the very centre of the capital? The question is rhetorical, of course.
When you see all this beauty falling apart, dirty and invaded with homeless, you can’t figure out how they can let this happen in the twenty first century. The only thought comes to mind – history literally soiled Egyptians with relics of the past so some of them were left to the mercy of fate. We want to believe that when they are remembered about, there will still be things left to reconstruct… But while Cairene authorities and living dwellers solve their problems, some tourists indulge own curiosity and see el-Arafa district with their own eyes, because aside from the special aura, there are things to visit – in particular majestic mausoleums and shrines of the Mamluks – ancient Egyptian noblemen with Caucasian roots. Among them Sultan Inal Complex, Ibn Barkuk Mosque and Sayar al-Din Kawsun Minaret stand out. There are more constructions of this kind (with the richest history and amazing architecture) in one district than in certain states.
Modern infrastructure, soft fiscal and legal systems made Luxembourg one of the most attractive countries for business of every kind.
It took the duchy less than half a century to achieve this wealth level.
Grinding away at their books to master basics of algebra and geometry, or memorizing years of monarchs’ reign skimming history textbooks is commonplace for schoolchildren all over the world while getting ready for a test in cybersecurity or boasting to have “A”s in beekeeping is strange at the vey least. Hereafter we are going to touch upon these and other unusual classes taught in foreign schools.
Egyptians form an opinion about the person exactly after the greeting which, in general represents hand-shaking. However, one should remember that it should obviously be bone-crushing otherwise it could be estimated as the reflection of the lack of sincerity… Thus, exchange greetings and continue getting familiar with the peculiarities of the mindset of this nation!
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau - nomadic seafarers who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Egypt to Ukraine Hossam Eldin Mohamed Ahmed Ali on July 11 met the guests on the occasion of the national holiday. Representatives of the foreign diplomatic corps in Ukraine, members of the Government, heads of non-governmental organizations and embassy partners came to greet Egypt.
They are referred to differently in every other place but are loved, probably, in the same way everywhere. Sure enough, we talk about money or more precisely their “second names” because alongside official ones currencies have common nicknames which is not so well known, but clearly deserves attention!
Germans have other pets besides German Shepherds and in Boston not just Boston Terriers can be seen. People choose dogs relying on own preferences. But sometimes locals are too prone to having a certain breed so it becomes a distinctive of a location. Natural conditions, fashion and even set of mind contribute to it.
On the threshold of a new academic year we simply couldn’t but inspire both current and future students with most impressive university and institute campuses. Those who have already received degree will probably get filled with admiration, too, and start thinking whether or not to get another one because in such places one hits the books especially fruitfully.
Holocaust is one of the most atrocious tragedies where humanity has been involved because of biased views on the supremacy of one race over another. It hides inhuman pain, tortures, and sufferings. Condemned people have not given in easily, and world knows a great deal of bravery acts on the edge of death.
In almost every large Ukrainian city – especially if it is “spoiled with number of educational institutions there is a small district called campus among locals. Dormitories, dining halls, libraries, university buildings here and there and dark-skinned guys that exchange currency. This is the way students of Ukrainian high educational institutions earn a bit on the side and manage to obtain aspired degree at the same time. After that some of them stay and others go back home to Africa. Now, what do people on the sunniest continent do, including those who return to native shores as bankers with dimplomas?
Because of different reasons, mainly due to its travel population and size, Istanbul is perceived by the majority of tourists, even by those who had been to Turkey, as the capital of this country even though it is verily Ankara. We are going to talk about this city that is so Turkish and international simultaneously.
We are proceeding to spend $10 in various destination... Today, in the sands of Hurghada, Egypt, we are looking for something worthy investing this money, to feel the city, touch and taste it. At the same time, we will see how not to fall into the trap of vendors who for the sake of your traveller’s wallet, will build a new pyramids and bring unknown species of scarabaeus.
Resorts of the All Inclusive type, pyramids and mummies - that's probably full list that comes to mind when talking about Egypt. Meanwhile, it is one of the most ancient states in the world, and its capital Cairo is the largest city of the Middle East and Africa, with a population of 19 million people, it is a metropolis that rich in historic finery and glass skyscrapers, garbage dumps and expensive shops, a glut of wealth and blatant poverty. Today we will tell you about diverse and unique Cairo.
American Detroit was until recently known as the automotive capital. But nowadays it is more often than not mentioned in the context of decline and population outflow. Outlook decided to figure out why ghost cities emerge.
Can you imagine a German who is late? Or a Japanese who sits in the office during working hours and twiddles his thumbs? Or at least a Spaniard who beavers away from morning till night? Hardly – and it is all courtesy of stereotypes and clichés that are stuck to one people or another. Today we not only talk about them – we defy them.
Ambidextrous people demonstrate the unique brain abilities confirming latent human genius. Interestingly, those abilities can be trained by hands. The recent studies show that there are more people born equally skilled with either upper limb than we think, and perhaps you are one of them.
On April 3 the exhibition of the contemporary visual art “Egyptian Vision” was opened by the Ambassador of Egypt at the Kyiv History Museum. The exhibition is dedicated to 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Egypt and Ukraine.
On the 4-th of April in Museum of history of Kyiv the exhibition project of the modern visual art Egyptian Vision is about to open. For the first time in Kyiv the works of selected collection will be represented, particularly, nearly forty pictures of famous Egyptian masters among whom there are Munir Escander, Gergis Lotfi, Gamil Shafik, Hasan Abd Elfatah, Aayed Saad Eddin, Karim Abd El Malak, Hasan Rashed, etc.
The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Egypt to Ukraine Hossam Eldin Aly, Governors of Red Sea, South Sinai participated in the press conference ‘Egypt. New opportunities’ dedicated to the presentation of a new travel concept for 2017.