RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Borders cannot make harm: The most famous enclaves of the world

Borders cannot make harm: The most famous enclaves of the world

Today OUTLOOK travels along the cities and countries that are considered as the most interesting from the point of view of geography and administrative management. Moreover, they are enclaves as they are located within the territories of other states.

Before we start our wonderful trip, it is important to look into the details of the terminology, because the verily concepts ‘enclave’ and ‘exclave’ are sometimes confused. Indeed, they mean the same. In the case of the country which area is situated in the borders of another state the area is called exclave. In the meantime, when we talk about the country with the territory under somebody’s control, it is called as enclave.

Let’s take, for example, our first destination, exactly, the ancient Spanish cities Seuta and Melillia which are exclave for Madrid. Relatively, they are considered as enclave for Morocco. In these coastal cities there are nearly 150 thousand people and among them only half is Spanish. The citizens of Morocco, Algeria and other African states consider them as the ‘gates to Europe’, that’s why for the fight with illegal migration at the suburbs there were walls built in the best Medieval Age tradition. Spain occupied these territories in XVI century taken Northern Africa from Portuguese. Apart from Seuta and Melillia, official Madrid owns several smaller towers in Morocco. The tourists all over the world have the desire to observe the local landmarks which overflooded doll-like Melillia as if this place left the imagination of the great Gaudi. By the way, architects consider it the ‘little Barcelona’. The political researches think that in this century Spain is likely to lose these lands it is getting harder to keep them from logistic and economic point of view. That’s why, till one has such a possibility, one cannot lose the chance and should, definitely, get there to see how Europe is moving to Africa.san marino.jpgPhoto nice-casinos.com

Let’s stay within the borders of the Black continent, however, let’s move to its South, at the area of South Republic of Africa in the center of which there is the entire state-enclave Lesotho inhabited by two million people. Because of hardly accessible landscape, the mountains with the height of more than 1400 meters under the sea level these lands became a kind of house reliable and invincible for the occupiers. Many African tribes got house hiding there from intercontinental arguments and colonial politics of European states. Today Lesotho is safe and sound lives peacefully with all the countries, especially with South Republic of Africa that confirms its independence. More than 70 percent of citizens are Christians who know English perfectly and, despite the physical distance, they are open worldwide. The economics of the state is completely integrated into South African and then, in the world one, that’s why the local villages and cities may boast of the level of life that is quite high if we compare with the one average for Africa. The travelers love these lands for wonderful landscapes and possibility to see African snow that is rather frequent event, because the average temperature is fluctuating from 0 to +30 degrees.

Read also: 10 facts about Lesotho

The picturesque Italy is famous not only for the various temperatures but also with the fact that its territory hosts several states-enclaves. If San Marino and Vatican are well-known because of their status and travel potential, the tiny monarch the Order of Malta is the true uncharted territory. This chivalric order is considered as the oldest one in the world. According to the official information, it takes nearly 13 thousand people from all over the world, and it owns Mathesian castle in the verily center of Rome, at Condotti Street. The territory of the castle is not simply residence of Master, but also independent object with the defense, own currency, stamps, and other attributes of independent state. Its status of enclave for Romans has been supported since the middle of XIX century, and nobody encroaches upon it, because nowadays the knights are brave guys, and among them there are many influential people from Europe, if one believes to the rumors. The life outside the palace is full of mysteries and uncertainty for usual citizens because only selected ones are able to get into the majority of its inner territories. The verily order has its representative of United Nations and it supports diplomatic relations with more than one hundred states. It earns money from the sale of souvenirs and its business profits in many countries, particularly, in Sweden where we are moving. Mean, in the city Campione d’Italia.MALTA06.jpgPhoto blоgspot.com

Being so hospitable at the motherland, Italians created their own exclave within the territory of another country. Located in 50 kilometers from Milano, the community and same-name city Campione do not have the direct transition with the ‘main Italy’, however, they are included in the region Lombardia. These lands have been famous for their democratic conditions. For instance, when in XIX century territorial arguments were solved with the help of wars, the local citizenship peacefully defined in the composition of which country (Sweden or Italy) it saw its future. Due to such willingness such geographical and administrative case happened. In the meantime, it never worried the city as there are euro and frank while children learn two languages at school. Due to the special economic zone in Campione there has been casino working for one hundred years. It provides with job approximately 20 percent of local citizens. The travel scope is blossoming due to the lake Lugano, beautiful villas and confused taxation system that allows to get the shadow incomes.campione d italia - lake lugano.jpgPhoto ee24.ru

In another part of Sweden, at the verily North, not far away from German border there is one more enclave, city Büsingen am Hochrhein that belongs in Germany. Fifty years ago the local citizens expressed wish to join Sweden fully, but only in territory. However, the citizens of Sweden cannot give lands for the equal exchange to Germans. It is hard to see here euro currency, the citizens work at Swiss enterprises that’s why they get salary in franks. It is interesting how police works in Büsingen. It has Swiss and German origination, that’s why there are different misconception which should be solved at higher level. It is good that the crime rate is quite low here. In the same competing way the telecommunication companies work, as post, TV, and repairmen services are represented with both German and Sweden companies, so, citizens have right to choose. The situation with football is even more exciting. The local team Büsingen is the only German one that plays in the championship of Switzerland.jubdbyhb1mv82emswu8gewraljkx5bwo.jpg
Photo tag24.de

One more cute example from Europe is nine-thousand city Baarle separated between Belgium and Netherlands. Its Belgian part includes 22 micro-enclaves located at Netherland territory. The border between the states is going on the houses of the citizens. For instance, kitchen could be in Belgium while bedroom may be located in Netherlands, that’s why countries agreed to define the belonging to one of the states taking into consideration the entrance door of the house. Such a difficult situation has been relevant for more than 500 years since the time when Flemish feudal lords made trades with the land not thinking about the future. Nowadays when neither Belgians nor Netherlanders could boast of the huge territories, they saw importance in each meter of their land, and it was decided to divide everything accurate within centimeter. That’s why today everything has a couple: there are two departments of police, post, municipality, and church. Only looking at the flag at the building, one could understand if he has not confused the country.20140817_Baarle-Nassau_001.jpgPhoto pahas-travel.blogspot.comstreet-1823602_1280.jpgPhoto discoveringbelgium.com

Unfortunately, quite often enclaves become the subject of serious territorial arguments and wars, that’s why we would like to end our feature with the magnificent and reasonable example of mutual understanding between countries demonstrated by India and Bangladesh. In 2015 they coped with more than 40-year conflict because of which nearly 50 thousand people residing in the almost inaccessible regions with unclear status did not have any citizenship. The countries decided to exchange such enclaves at the areas belonging to each other near their border. So as to make the life of local citizens comfortable, they gave a possibility to choose the nationality. The result of this decision became modification of relations between countries and positive changes in the life of usual people.

Cover photo newjetsetters.com

Вам это будет интересно:
The most beautiful churches in the world: charm and divine power
The architecture of temples has interesting and sometimes controversial history. Quite often the novelties and fundamentals of movements in architecture started with the building of temples with sophisticated design. The Polish Roman Catholic churches are rather bright in their beauty.
Venetian type of taxi: gondolas
Perhaps, there is no such a person on the planet who did not hear about the unique Italian city on the water. During several centuries Venice with its amazing architecture, fantastic landscape and own atmosphere has been attracting people from all the corners of the world. So as to feel it and see under unexpected corner, one should swim on the legendary gondolas.
Spain: There’s no coming clean out of wine
Two “armies” on the warpath are dressed in traditional uniforms – white shirts – look at each other menacingly, their weapons standby… The fight begins and the whiteness of outfits gets mixed with maroon – thanks God, it isn’t blood but nice Spanish wine! Today in one of Spanish provinces annual Battle of Wine is held.
Guinea Bissau: Expensive downshifting
People on holiday can be divided into two types: “tender creatures” and “adrenaline addicts”. Former ones will trade passive sunbathing and comfortable hotels for nothing. The letter ones prefer even cabins to annoying all inclusive and suites. “Cabins” are the conditions Guinea Bissau provides you with.
World ghettos. Bedford: English outback with Italian flavour
Today our story is about one of the most amazing combinations one can imagine, that is Italians and Englishmen, so we expand number of our articles dedicated to the ethnic ghettos of the world. Get ready to follow us to the cold and rainy Bedford, where we will plunge into the warm Mediterranean atmosphere.
Chan Chan. Peru city from clay
Experienced travelers tell that one could watch the ruins of ancient settlements in the Andes during several months, moving from one region to another. Particularly, the richest one in archaeological complexes of is the western coast of the Southern continent. A long time ago, some of them, such as Machu Picchu, have become popular with tourists, others are just beginning to open their doors to curious people.
Philippines: Climbing A Truffle
First thing that comes to mind on hearing a phrase ‘Chocolate Hills’ are cacao bean plantations, candy villages or some kind of sweets festival. However, we’ll have to disappoint sweet teeth and make happy those who appreciate unusual views – chocolate is nowhere near here, instead there’s a unique work of nature.
Accompaying persons, please leave the train: the most interesting trains on planet
Despite ongoing development of air transport, many people across the Earth still love to travel by train for various reasons. Though the majority of passengers associate trains with a rather slow way to travel compared with airplanes, and are concerned with low comfort which can be still at the level of last century, reading through our selection below...
What do they eat: Rome’s cuisine
OUTLOOK often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine...
If you have 10 dollars and you are in Istanbul
Among tourists, especially those from Europe, it is difficult to find people who have not enjoyed vacation in sunny and hospitable Turkey at least once, so the prices at holiday destinations are more or less known. However, what awaits those who opted for "another Turkey" and went to see the magnificent Istanbul, we would like toexplainwith the example of 10 dollars.
Under the South Cross. Queenstown
Residents of Queenstown, like all New Zealanders, are among the first on the planet to meet the dawn. There are no children's homes, homeless animals. People are resistant to cold, so much so that at zero degrees go in T-shirts. Each of them has an average of nine sheep, and in nature there are practically no such dangers as mosquitoes and snakes.
Nan Madol: A City over an Abyss
Only an abandoned artificial archipelago with traces of extinct civilizations can better than a deserted island! Cadent splash of oars that plows blue dreams of the Pacific Ocean quells drumroll of ecstasy in your temples while preparing will and mind to the meeting with the greatest mystery of Micronesia. Nan Madol lies empty for more than one hundred years...
In the rhythm of heart. Japanese drums taiko
Its sounds penetrate the heart, stop the flow of thoughts and cause the blood to move in some kind of magical rhythm. It's a roll of thunder. It gives the shivers. It's a secret. Japanese drums in their homeland are elevated to the rank of cult. Without them, not a single official event is possible, their melodies delight the hearing during joy and help to experience sadness.
History of the street: Brivibas
Today in our review dedicated to the most interesting streets of the planet we are going to talk about Brivibas. The old city of Riga is truly magnificent and finely preserved part of Latvian capital. Verily here there are more tourists and less local citizens, however, 350-400 years ago around it there was nothing and city resembled inaccessible medieval fortress in semi-Scandinavian and semi-European style. All of its population could place here…
Dark blue pearl of Mongolia
Six million years ago, in faraway Mongolia a deep crater of an extinct volcano was gradually filled to the brims with water, turning into a wonderful lake. Water ran high with gusts of wind, and sparkled in the sun like precious jewel, so no wonder that along with the official name of Hövsgöl Lake, this nature wonder has a more poetic name of the Dark Blue Pearl.
Departure: Dakar
The Senegalese capital of Dakar is not only the most important city of West Africa, but also a city of extremes, a fascinating introduction if purpose of the trip is to "get acquainted with the Black Continent, but gently and smoothly". In addition to many civilizational and habitual to modern people attributes of life, every moment you feel spirit of Africa, at once both intimidating, romantic, off-beat and deeply alluring.
Jaipur. Pink city. Part 2
Jaipur is always invaded by hordes of tourists. The city is included into the most of India travel guides. There are enough hotels, many street diners and comfortable cafes, no problem with the choice of transport. The local people are friendly and helpful to visitors. If this impulse is encouraged with a few rupees, the Indians will be happy to share information...
Baltic museums
Baltic States are a good destination for inexpensive tourism in Europe, they are well known for various attractions and changeable weather. Local waters and winds come up with unexpected rainfalls, but that is not a reason to hide in the hotel since there are many amazing museums around, and it is not much of a problem to visit all three countries within just a few days.
We were there: Sopot
European coast of the Baltic Sea can boast of neither warm waters nor lasting beach season – this however does not prevent it from being a popular resort area. Great number of cozy coastal towns attracts tourists first of all with fresh and curative air as well as with the opportunity to “heal the eyes” looking at the cold sea and amazing landscapes. Sopot – main Baltic resort of Poland – exhibits all of these advantages to the full.
Let flowers bloom! Top flower festivals in the world!
The best gift for ladies is flowers. The truth is, it is incredibly romantic and beautiful, suitable for any age and status. Especially nice it is when there is plenty of flowers. Dozens upon dozens! And where else can you admire floral beauty if not at the festival? We selected five the most famous and flowery fests from around the world.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page