RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Borders cannot make harm: The most famous enclaves of the world

Borders cannot make harm: The most famous enclaves of the world

Today OUTLOOK travels along the cities and countries that are considered as the most interesting from the point of view of geography and administrative management. Moreover, they are enclaves as they are located within the territories of other states.

Before we start our wonderful trip, it is important to look into the details of the terminology, because the verily concepts ‘enclave’ and ‘exclave’ are sometimes confused. Indeed, they mean the same. In the case of the country which area is situated in the borders of another state the area is called exclave. In the meantime, when we talk about the country with the territory under somebody’s control, it is called as enclave.

Let’s take, for example, our first destination, exactly, the ancient Spanish cities Seuta and Melillia which are exclave for Madrid. Relatively, they are considered as enclave for Morocco. In these coastal cities there are nearly 150 thousand people and among them only half is Spanish. The citizens of Morocco, Algeria and other African states consider them as the ‘gates to Europe’, that’s why for the fight with illegal migration at the suburbs there were walls built in the best Medieval Age tradition. Spain occupied these territories in XVI century taken Northern Africa from Portuguese. Apart from Seuta and Melillia, official Madrid owns several smaller towers in Morocco. The tourists all over the world have the desire to observe the local landmarks which overflooded doll-like Melillia as if this place left the imagination of the great Gaudi. By the way, architects consider it the ‘little Barcelona’. The political researches think that in this century Spain is likely to lose these lands it is getting harder to keep them from logistic and economic point of view. That’s why, till one has such a possibility, one cannot lose the chance and should, definitely, get there to see how Europe is moving to Africa.san marino.jpgPhoto nice-casinos.com

Let’s stay within the borders of the Black continent, however, let’s move to its South, at the area of South Republic of Africa in the center of which there is the entire state-enclave Lesotho inhabited by two million people. Because of hardly accessible landscape, the mountains with the height of more than 1400 meters under the sea level these lands became a kind of house reliable and invincible for the occupiers. Many African tribes got house hiding there from intercontinental arguments and colonial politics of European states. Today Lesotho is safe and sound lives peacefully with all the countries, especially with South Republic of Africa that confirms its independence. More than 70 percent of citizens are Christians who know English perfectly and, despite the physical distance, they are open worldwide. The economics of the state is completely integrated into South African and then, in the world one, that’s why the local villages and cities may boast of the level of life that is quite high if we compare with the one average for Africa. The travelers love these lands for wonderful landscapes and possibility to see African snow that is rather frequent event, because the average temperature is fluctuating from 0 to +30 degrees.

Read also: 10 facts about Lesotho

The picturesque Italy is famous not only for the various temperatures but also with the fact that its territory hosts several states-enclaves. If San Marino and Vatican are well-known because of their status and travel potential, the tiny monarch the Order of Malta is the true uncharted territory. This chivalric order is considered as the oldest one in the world. According to the official information, it takes nearly 13 thousand people from all over the world, and it owns Mathesian castle in the verily center of Rome, at Condotti Street. The territory of the castle is not simply residence of Master, but also independent object with the defense, own currency, stamps, and other attributes of independent state. Its status of enclave for Romans has been supported since the middle of XIX century, and nobody encroaches upon it, because nowadays the knights are brave guys, and among them there are many influential people from Europe, if one believes to the rumors. The life outside the palace is full of mysteries and uncertainty for usual citizens because only selected ones are able to get into the majority of its inner territories. The verily order has its representative of United Nations and it supports diplomatic relations with more than one hundred states. It earns money from the sale of souvenirs and its business profits in many countries, particularly, in Sweden where we are moving. Mean, in the city Campione d’Italia.MALTA06.jpgPhoto blоgspot.com

Being so hospitable at the motherland, Italians created their own exclave within the territory of another country. Located in 50 kilometers from Milano, the community and same-name city Campione do not have the direct transition with the ‘main Italy’, however, they are included in the region Lombardia. These lands have been famous for their democratic conditions. For instance, when in XIX century territorial arguments were solved with the help of wars, the local citizenship peacefully defined in the composition of which country (Sweden or Italy) it saw its future. Due to such willingness such geographical and administrative case happened. In the meantime, it never worried the city as there are euro and frank while children learn two languages at school. Due to the special economic zone in Campione there has been casino working for one hundred years. It provides with job approximately 20 percent of local citizens. The travel scope is blossoming due to the lake Lugano, beautiful villas and confused taxation system that allows to get the shadow incomes.campione d italia - lake lugano.jpgPhoto ee24.ru

In another part of Sweden, at the verily North, not far away from German border there is one more enclave, city Büsingen am Hochrhein that belongs in Germany. Fifty years ago the local citizens expressed wish to join Sweden fully, but only in territory. However, the citizens of Sweden cannot give lands for the equal exchange to Germans. It is hard to see here euro currency, the citizens work at Swiss enterprises that’s why they get salary in franks. It is interesting how police works in Büsingen. It has Swiss and German origination, that’s why there are different misconception which should be solved at higher level. It is good that the crime rate is quite low here. In the same competing way the telecommunication companies work, as post, TV, and repairmen services are represented with both German and Sweden companies, so, citizens have right to choose. The situation with football is even more exciting. The local team Büsingen is the only German one that plays in the championship of Switzerland.jubdbyhb1mv82emswu8gewraljkx5bwo.jpg
Photo tag24.de

One more cute example from Europe is nine-thousand city Baarle separated between Belgium and Netherlands. Its Belgian part includes 22 micro-enclaves located at Netherland territory. The border between the states is going on the houses of the citizens. For instance, kitchen could be in Belgium while bedroom may be located in Netherlands, that’s why countries agreed to define the belonging to one of the states taking into consideration the entrance door of the house. Such a difficult situation has been relevant for more than 500 years since the time when Flemish feudal lords made trades with the land not thinking about the future. Nowadays when neither Belgians nor Netherlanders could boast of the huge territories, they saw importance in each meter of their land, and it was decided to divide everything accurate within centimeter. That’s why today everything has a couple: there are two departments of police, post, municipality, and church. Only looking at the flag at the building, one could understand if he has not confused the country.20140817_Baarle-Nassau_001.jpgPhoto pahas-travel.blogspot.comstreet-1823602_1280.jpgPhoto discoveringbelgium.com

Unfortunately, quite often enclaves become the subject of serious territorial arguments and wars, that’s why we would like to end our feature with the magnificent and reasonable example of mutual understanding between countries demonstrated by India and Bangladesh. In 2015 they coped with more than 40-year conflict because of which nearly 50 thousand people residing in the almost inaccessible regions with unclear status did not have any citizenship. The countries decided to exchange such enclaves at the areas belonging to each other near their border. So as to make the life of local citizens comfortable, they gave a possibility to choose the nationality. The result of this decision became modification of relations between countries and positive changes in the life of usual people.

Cover photo newjetsetters.com

Вам это будет интересно:
Holy beauty! What are the most famous abbeys in the world hiding?
What do you imagine when you hear the word "abbey"? I'm sure most people will first of all think of Westminster. But what if I said that in fact it is no longer an abbey? So what makes these medieval buildings so special? Let's look at the example of buildings from different European countries.
Welcome to Gabon
Once upon the time, Pygmy peoples lived on the west coast of Africa. They did not have any conflicts with anyone. When they were hungry, they went hunting, picked up nuts and bananas. Then the Mpongwé and the Fang tribes came. After them, the Portuguese arrived and named these lands Gabon. They were followed by the French who acquired the land and declared it as their colony.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 3. “Samurai Spirit”
If what they show in cinematograph is true than a typical samurai appears to be austere, taciturn and even slightly unsociable person. But this image in actual fact doesn’t get in line with reality... You don’t believe it? Our journalist Elena Rasenko suggests you make sure of it for yourself.
Normandy through the eyes of Korney Gritciuk. Part 1
For many tourists France is mainly Paris with long queues to the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, as well as neighbouring sights with royal chic, or Mediterranean resorts. But OUTLOOK author while travelling through the country decided to go to the north, to Normandy! Our readers are welcome to read series of travel essays about a journey to the Atlantic Ocean by Kornei Gritsyuk...
Indian village Kodhini: the unraveled mystery of twins
In the world there is an unusual place where the biggest number of twins are born. Although at first glance it looks like a mystical coincidence, statistics makes you believe in miracles. The Indian state of Kerala can boast of a village where unusual things happen. Kodhini is the place with more twins than anywhere else in the world. Actually, there is almost no explanation for this.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 2 “Fish Day”
It is just as hard to imagine a Japanese who doesn’t eat fish as to picture a Scott who doesn’t drink whiskey. OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko will tell you about a unique place where successors of samurai purchase fine seafood for their tables.
Incheon: Korean city of the future
Incheon is considered to be sea and air gateway to South Korea since it has one of the country's largest seaports and the most spacious, world-class airport in the region. The city is growing rapidly: within just a hundred years it developed from a modest port settlement to an ultramodern industrial and tourist hub.
British heartland: Albion's unsolved mysteries
Green slopes covered with heather moorland, deserted suburban roads, narrow streets with small cottages and gardens emitting heady fragrance - it seems that British villages are unchangeable through the passage of time. Like stilled scenery for heroic fantasy fiction, each of them has its own story about great battles, brave warriors and legendary artefacts.
A Country that knows how to make you like it: Armenia
I was heading to this Caucasian state all by myself to completely strange people. Prior to the trip all my friends and relatives warned me more than a dozen times about harsh temper of the hillmen and painted a vivid picture of what kind of difficulties were expecting me, a young woman travelling alone.
History of the street: Spiegelgasse
Spiegelgasse is originated from German collocation ‘Mirror street’ or ‘Mirror alley’. However, it is not the biggest and the most important street in Zurich. Moreover, it is vice versa, incredibly short and narrow… Well, being situated in the quiet nooks of the old city in such a way that no tourists could see it.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 1
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
To the cinema for a city cour
Travelling around the globe lure increasingly every other year and it is so upsetting when all kinds of obstacles arise on the way of undertaking trips. OUTLOOK offers you not to get desperate if you can’t set on a journey. Today we suggest you get inspired with movies in which one city or another “plays” equal part to actors’ ones. We’ll tell you about five films that, alongside having artistic merits, educate as good as habitual tour guides do.
Switzerland: Banks, Chocolate and Army
It is an open secret that this world is full of paradoxes. OUTLOOK, in its turn, tries to figure them out therefore today we’ll tell about armed forces of the world’s most militarized state that, however, hasn’t been at war with anyone for over two centuries. Our feature is about the army of Switzerland.
Postcards from Bulgaria
Having taken the passport and good mood, go to the so-called "Near Abroad" - Bulgaria - the country where ancient architecture is successfully combined with a relaxing sea breeze. Do not you believe? But OUTLOOK is sure that Pavel Khomenskyi through his photos will be able to convince you! Bright and in its own way majestic Sofia - this is a must see! Let's go with us!
Saint-Louis: first settlement of europeans in Africa
This amazing African country strikes tourists by odd mixture of cultures. There isn’t a thing you cannot see in Senegal! Retro cars of French origin; cows idly walking along the road; horse-drawn carts... Yet, there are more than enough surprises it its historical and cultural capital city of Saint-Louis.
Women's adornments in India: Sacred meaning
Upon hearing word combination “Hindu woman” an image of a beautiful woman wearing sari and definitely with numerous adornments and pictures on her body emerges in our imagination. Where does passion for body decoration come from in national traditions of this people?
World ghettos: Polish village in Istanbul
It is hard to imagine more different nations than citizens of Turkey and Poland. Their variety is reflected in everything, from religion to culinary traditions. Nevertheless, they get on well during more than 150 years in the suburbs of Istambul. We would like to talk about this unique neighbourhood in the rubric 'ghetto in the world'.
Fiji: A Trip To Romantics – Descendants Of Cannibals
Hospitality of locals – that’s what strikes right off the bat at Fiji, especially taking into account that they all are offspring of cannibals. Luckily, cooking delights of human meat has been out of practice for several centuries. However, they are not at all above dishes made of, say, fried bat, and are willing to share recipes with tourists.
Roofs Generation
They become the place for the coolest parties, source of extraordinary ideas and unpredictable discoveries. Nowadays whole houses, temples, gardens, pools and stadiums reach peaks of their popularity – all of them on tops of buildings.
Kangaroo island: Australia garden of Eden
Formidable waves rise up like soldiers on guard, then beat against the rocky coastline, lay down their arms and meekly retreating, crumble into a foam. Wind freely runs over lavender fields and eucalyptus groves hiding sleepy koalas in bushland. Twilight is ready to cover every living creature with a dark bucket, and the bustling nocturnal life spreads its wings.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page