RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Visit  >  Gjirokastër: “Albanian Rome”

Gjirokastër: “Albanian Rome”

Автор: 29.09.2019 | Albania, travel
A function of UNESCO World Heritage Committee is to work in the most careful manner year after year on studying objects that constitute outstanding culture civilizations and are unique in their origins. Under number 569 of an impressive list of the organization city of Gjirokastër, the one from the south of Albania, is located – it is it we are going to study today through the length and breadth.

Mediterranean climate of the Balkan Peninsula with hot summer and cool winter favored rise of the city in twelfth century. Gjirokastër is nowhere near a resort destination however this fact doesn’t prevent it from attracting numerous tourists by textured valley of the Drina River and architecture for connoisseurs of times of the Ottoman Empire. Tosk tribes lived on agriculture and gardening there, Byzantians and Turks established their governments. As a heritage from its chiefs, the city got “Turkish kule” that are preserved there in the abundance that can be found nowhere else. White houses with stone roofs, windows of diverse and quaint shapes hide on medieval streets. They sprouted on rocky terrain like mushrooms and reach out for the peak where majestic fortress perches.208-gallery2-Albanian-Castles-Tom-Till-Photography.jpgPhoto tomtill.com

On the way to the city here and there on the surface of the ground traces of moles’ tunnels can be spotted. Upon a closer look we realize that communist leader of the country Enver Hoxha reminds about himself through bunkers scattered around the country. They mainly appeal to those who love military and historic objects however tourists can do some interesting discoveries, too. Ruler of the country built an entire underground city with living rooms, armament unit and a concert hall. Large-scale preparation to life after nuclear war. One can freely have a snack at the dining room and catch performances in the territory – government openly vocalizes the idea of the space being backstage for artists. One can come across bunkers at fields and on hillsides. They used to be abandoned for a while, later application was found for them as stalls for animals and in times of housing crisis – as full-fledged houses. And you become not at all surprised by Underground, the movie by Emir Kusturica, in which citizens are hiding in a similar understructure from the war that has already been over.gjirokaster-view.jpg
Photo independent.co.uk

Ethnographic museums play a fairly important role – they make us plunge into household of foregone times, reflect past reality in a certain scale. One can try crafts of former times and taste delights from an old stove. The southern city keeps apace and introduces to national outfits and interiors. And everything seems ordinary: rooms and household items. The only thing is that a guide does more than a standard narration – he carries you away with stories to a completely other dimension. Admittedly, there isn’t just this museum that harbors period of the Middle Ages. Local citizens have maintained way of life of times gone by in their modern life. Albanians found preservation of traditions on an official level in holding a folk festival – dance groups and choruses gather from all over the country, effecting rise in number of visitors of the city.

See also: What do they eat: Albania

It rose as far back as in 13t century and performed daring defense function. In various periods these or that accessories emerged. Major package was erected in 13th century; modifications began in 15th century after the Turks had taken domain over, final modernization with the Clock Tower and aqueduct coincided with early 19th century. Prison happened to exist there, too – it was arranged for in 1930s-1960s. They also find application for all the artillery by establishing a museum in the premises. Sure enough, shapely fortification is in sight from every spot of the city while the panorama is something you see having climbed up a tower.Ali-Pasha-Bridge1.jpg
Photo visit-gjirokastra.com

The city is distinctive for entrepreneurial streak – in the large scheme of things, in 17th century, after a period of decay, Gjirokastër returned to prosper and became an important trade spot thank to emergence of an eastern market. Just as reflexes are divided into conditional and unconditional Ottoman principles distinguish residential and commodity areas. Several streets are appropriated for a market – and a residential house becomes a warehouse with a trade counter. According to urban plan of the ruler of those times, Memi Pasha, five streets got united to get a name the New Market. Urban choreography reigns on its counters – with deliberate gestures vendors offer famous white cheese, thin eastern silk and, sure enough, local souvenirs. The Gjirokastër Mosque was located in such a way that some premises could be leased to vendors. This one was the only one that remained beyond prohibition on religion in the times of the chief and constitutes a monument of architecture.

Beauty-river, that paid its attention to Gjirokastër. Albanian’s longest river, it was born in the dance of confluence of the Black Drin and the White Drin; it rushes through exquisite landscapes of North Albanian Alps and splits into two arms: Northern runs into Adriatic Sea and there is Southern that plunges into the Bay of Drin. Navigation never spoiled nature of waters and hydroelectric power stations are futuristic reminders of own benefit. Pride of Albanians went global after the natural landmark’s nomination as one New Wonders of the World.

Cover photo adventurous-travels.com

Вам это будет интересно:
We were there: Prague
Prague... It is romantic, decadent, sad and cheerful, sublime and spiritual, reflected in the flapping wings of well-fed seagulls on the Charles Bridge, in the mirror pools of Vltava River... Prague is a very attractive and slightly strange European city. Creative copywriter Masha Goldman once spent several days there and told us about Prague charms.
Alfama: Moorish heritage of Lisbon
Today we are inviting you for a walk in the oldest neighbourhood in the city of Lisbon, the famous Alfama, an emblematic quarter we often see in the movies and works of popular culture when it comes to the Portuguese capital. Founded by the Moors in the eighth century, the most genuine neighbourhood Alfama blows visitors away immediately with its picturesque labyrinth of narrow streets...
History of the street: Bagdad Avenue in Istanbul
If all the magnificent Istanbul is considered as the heart of regional trade, one of its most luxurious streets, Bagdad Avenue, is, certainly, the main artery. Having appeared there, even rejecting shopping with the whole heart, one feels hardship while trying to keep him balanced and not succumb to temptation to go to the ships and markets. Even though, apart from that, there is something to do here.
World transport: Vertical Lisbon
Lisbon is one of the most beautiful and ancient cities in Europe, however, its territory is difficult for living and building due to its steep hilly terrain. Portuguese metropolis is situated on seven densely populated hills. That's why its hallmark is three funicular railroads and the elevator, without which tourists and residents would be much in trouble moving around the city.
Belgium with the eyes of Marina Orlova: How the belgians live
Marina Orlova is a project manager in a cultural and public organization. Working on one of her international projects, she met her love - Wim, a guy from Belgium. She succeeded to visit his country only when Ukraine obtained visa-free regime and Marina shared with OUTLOOK her observations about how the Belgians live, what they eat for breakfast and how they relax.
Departure: Maldives
One of the smallest capitals of the world – Malé – offers to have a look at the country’s, not 5-star hotel’s, places of interest and to get closer to life of ordinary Maldivians, not people from a room next door. First association that comes to mind at the mention of the Maldives is something azure and pastoral.
Welcome to Gabon
Once upon the time, Pygmy peoples lived on the west coast of Africa. They did not have any conflicts with anyone. When they were hungry, they went hunting, picked up nuts and bananas. Then the Mpongwé and the Fang tribes came. After them, the Portuguese arrived and named these lands Gabon. They were followed by the French who acquired the land and declared it as their colony.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 3. “Samurai Spirit”
If what they show in cinematograph is true than a typical samurai appears to be austere, taciturn and even slightly unsociable person. But this image in actual fact doesn’t get in line with reality... You don’t believe it? Our journalist Elena Rasenko suggests you make sure of it for yourself.
A Country that knows how to make you like it: Armenia. Part 2
Elena Rasenko has visited Armenia and shares with readers the original charm of the country in which one really wants to stay. Armenians treat their national treasure - khachkars - very reverently and respectfully. These are processed and refined cross stones with a unique ornate pattern. So OUTLOOK proceeds with its story about Armenia.
Normandy through the eyes of Korney Gritciuk. Part 1
For many tourists France is mainly Paris with long queues to the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, as well as neighbouring sights with royal chic, or Mediterranean resorts. But OUTLOOK author while travelling through the country decided to go to the north, to Normandy! Our readers are welcome to read series of travel essays about a journey to the Atlantic Ocean by Kornei Gritsyuk...
Indian village Kodhini: the unraveled mystery of twins
In the world there is an unusual place where the biggest number of twins are born. Although at first glance it looks like a mystical coincidence, statistics makes you believe in miracles. The Indian state of Kerala can boast of a village where unusual things happen. Kodhini is the place with more twins than anywhere else in the world. Actually, there is almost no explanation for this.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 2 “Fish Day”
It is just as hard to imagine a Japanese who doesn’t eat fish as to picture a Scott who doesn’t drink whiskey. OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko will tell you about a unique place where successors of samurai purchase fine seafood for their tables.
Incheon: Korean city of the future
Incheon is considered to be sea and air gateway to South Korea since it has one of the country's largest seaports and the most spacious, world-class airport in the region. The city is growing rapidly: within just a hundred years it developed from a modest port settlement to an ultramodern industrial and tourist hub.
British heartland: Albion's unsolved mysteries
Green slopes covered with heather moorland, deserted suburban roads, narrow streets with small cottages and gardens emitting heady fragrance - it seems that British villages are unchangeable through the passage of time. Like stilled scenery for heroic fantasy fiction, each of them has its own story about great battles, brave warriors and legendary artefacts.
A Country that knows how to make you like it: Armenia
I was heading to this Caucasian state all by myself to completely strange people. Prior to the trip all my friends and relatives warned me more than a dozen times about harsh temper of the hillmen and painted a vivid picture of what kind of difficulties were expecting me, a young woman travelling alone.
History of the street: Spiegelgasse
Spiegelgasse is originated from German collocation ‘Mirror street’ or ‘Mirror alley’. However, it is not the biggest and the most important street in Zurich. Moreover, it is vice versa, incredibly short and narrow… Well, being situated in the quiet nooks of the old city in such a way that no tourists could see it.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 1
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
To the cinema for a city cour
Travelling around the globe lure increasingly every other year and it is so upsetting when all kinds of obstacles arise on the way of undertaking trips. OUTLOOK offers you not to get desperate if you can’t set on a journey. Today we suggest you get inspired with movies in which one city or another “plays” equal part to actors’ ones. We’ll tell you about five films that, alongside having artistic merits, educate as good as habitual tour guides do.
Postcards from Bulgaria
Having taken the passport and good mood, go to the so-called "Near Abroad" - Bulgaria - the country where ancient architecture is successfully combined with a relaxing sea breeze. Do not you believe? But OUTLOOK is sure that Pavel Khomenskyi through his photos will be able to convince you! Bright and in its own way majestic Sofia - this is a must see! Let's go with us!
Saint-Louis: first settlement of europeans in Africa
This amazing African country strikes tourists by odd mixture of cultures. There isn’t a thing you cannot see in Senegal! Retro cars of French origin; cows idly walking along the road; horse-drawn carts... Yet, there are more than enough surprises it its historical and cultural capital city of Saint-Louis.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page