RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Visit  >  Salt to one's liking. The best salt clinics in Europe

Salt to one's liking. The best salt clinics in Europe

Author: 30.06.2015 | Germany, nature, tourism, Romania, Poland
According to statistics, about 10% of the globe’s population in one way or another suffer from chronic bronchitis that develop into asthma. More than a half of them are kids. Alongside all kinds of inhalants and other curative means, salt helps airways. Today we’ll tell you about European grooves and mines where millions of people improve their health by dint of minerals.

Curative treatment in salt caves aka speleotherapy was first used as far back as in 19th century in the U.S. Back then in the state of Kentucky not far from Mammoth Cave a hospital for those suffering from tuberculosis emerged. However, it was not fated to exist for long: in several months after its opening one of the patients died. No one bothered figuring out if salt had any affect on his death – medical centre was simply shut down. About the same time on some Italian resorts they exercised experimental procedures – bathing in cave waters rich with minerals and descents into mines. Still, these were more like one-time episodes.

Salt medical centers began their development after World War II and, as is often the case, by accident. During bombardments of German city of Ennepetal, local citizens hid in Kluterthöhle Cave. Doctor Karl Spannagel was among them. He noticed that many of his asthma-suffering patients saw significant health improvement after such a ‘pastime’ in a saline grotto. After the war’s termination Spannagel proceeded with the research and in 1949 proved to the whole medical world that this kind of ‘mineral therapy’ was truly effective.

Wieliczka, Poland

15 kilometers to the south-east from Krakov Europe’s major speleotherapy center is situated. Small town of Wieliczka, where salt has been mined since as far back as 13th century, is annually visited by over a million of people with respiratory tract diseases as well as tourists who come for a day or two, because, indeed, there are things to see. Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper, monument to Copernicus and John Paul II, sculptures of kings, chapels, museums – and all of these are made of salt. A place that started as a VIP tours destination (before 20th century only monarchs or very noble-born people could visit the grooves to be greeted by a highland orchestra), today Wieliczka is a relatively easy-to-access medical center that consists of 9 tiers. One of the deepest ones reaches 210 meters and slightly above, at the depth of 135 meters, Wedding Lake is situated. Patients spend 6 hours a day doing special exercises there reading and playing volleyball or have whole-night’s rest there. According to visitors, after eight centuries of operation Wieliczka resembles an underground town. Alongside everything else, the mine is included into UNESCO World Heritage list. Thank to this in 1990s a large-scale reconstruction of the grooves was undertaken.Photo alliance.ua

See also: Poland attractions: Kings are almighty!

Transylvanian grooves, Romania

Romanian resorts Sovata, Slanic Prahova and Târgu Ocna cannot compete with Wieliczka in terms of the number of tourists so far, but just as many people suffering from asthma come to the land of Transylvania as to Polish one. Under supervision of experienced doctors people of all ages undergo treatment there: from 2-year-old kids to 70-year-old pensioners. And it is so for a reason and statistics speak for itself: effectiveness of therapy among children constitutes 90%, for adults it is 50-60% depending on age and extent of disease. First improvements are obvious after 3-4 sessions. In cultural respect Transylvanian mines are inferior the ones in Poland – there are neither museums nor chapel made of salt – only several sculptures, but they are newer and more modern. Main landmark is situated in the territory of Slanic Prahova – one of the world’s most capacious salt caves that consists of two levels: Unirea and Mihai. Up to 500 persons at once can improve their health there.Photo img-fotki.yandex.ru

See also: Departure: Brașov

Berchtesgaden in Bavaria, Germany

In Bavarian city of Berchtesgaden, that is famous because Hitler’s notorious villa Berghof is situated not far from it, one and only speleo-therapeutic center of West Europe operates. As far back as in 15th century dynasty of Wittelsbach was lining their pockets thank to local salt deposits; occasionally no-joke wars were waged over them. But only as late as in 19th century everything settled down and grooves were transferred under jurisdiction of Bavaria for good. They started treating diseases connected with respiratory system there only in 1960s. Dr. Schütz, who had worked in Polish Wieliczka as a prisoner of war, was overwhelmed with the effectiveness of speleotherapy, so, as soon as he got a chance, he came back to Germany and took to creation of medical centers. Today, alongside treatment, one can go to a water park, visit St. Bartholomew’s Church and get an eyeful of natural beauties: Berchtesgaden National Park and Königsee Lake.Photo eco-turizm.net

See also: Kreuzberg - The little Istanbul

Cover photo funpress.ru

It will be interesting:
Turkey: The country of natural wonders
A jewel-case of Turkey is full of pure wonders provoking an inspiration for fairy tale writer. When people first see blindingly white mountains in the midst of warm country, they experience various desires: someone wants to fall into white drifts and make a snow angel, as some people imagine that white cliffs taste sweet just like cotton candy...
Ambassador Anka Feldhuizen held Doors Open Day at the German Embassy in Ukraine!
The Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany for the sixth time invites everyone to visit the German Garden event every summer - a Doors Open Day when diplomats meet in their office and on the territory of the embassy with the the residents of Kyiv.
Canyons: Deep and long
What season can be better than warm months to conquer summits, overcome seas and climb on the rocks? People often make great efforts to enjoy the comfort through the whole lifetime. But sometimes our soul needs some romance, so OUTLOOK presents seven unique canyons.
Between Heaven And... Water: World’s 5 smallest inhabited islands
Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
Animals in the city: When people sing in tune with Nature
Many city dwellers are irritated by cats, dogs or even pigeons in the streets. Attempts of zoo-advocates to save them from attacks of people and from starvation are mainly ineffective. But there are wonderful cities in this world where people perfectly coexist with deer, peacocks and cattle…
The magnificent world of land-art: Patrick Dougherti
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti.
Haapsalu: Estonian mood
We know Estonia as a homeland of Skype, an owner of unusual dishes like milk soup with vegetables and we are surprised of the absence of future tense in the national language. And today we would like to have another precise look at the tiny country and drop into the "aspen grove" - the calm and friendly small town of Haapsalu, the administrative centre of Lääne County.
Timanfaya. Devastatingly beautiful
Canary Islands are not only the sea, beaches and cocktails. They are also the charred history of this part of the earth, the fire-breathing vents and salt mines. Especially hot temper among the rest of the islands, the land of Lanzarote is famous. Earlier on this land, volcanic eruptions occurred with an enviable regularity. Now, here tourists go to see the power of fire and magma and even look into the "underworld".
Grab your sun umbrella and cocktail: The most amazing beaches of the world
With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different.
The brightest places in Croatia: Gateway for aristocrats
Croatia is dubbed the pearl of the Adriatic coast. This country in the south of Central Europe recently became a member of the European Union. Now its beauty sites are much visited: every year more than 10 million tourists come to enjoy it, that is even more than population of the country. Let’s find out what attracts travellers so much.
Islands of moonlight and wild jungle
Going to the Comoros a tourist wants to see pure exotic and immediately gets into an oasis of wildlife. "Moonlight" tenderness implicit in Arabic interpretation of the name "Comore" ("moon"), was taken from the neighbouring Madagascar, initially claimed to be called "Comoros".
Puerto Rico: Swimming with fireflies
Many travelers just don’t want to go into all the troubles to get an American visa for some two weeks of holidays. But having glanced at pictures of Puerto Rican Mosquito Bay they’ll change their minds instantly. Dark sea slick, silence… when suddenly mysterious green glow from the depth extends the darkness to shock the public on the shore.
National winged symbols
Each state has its own official symbols: flag, coat of arms and anthem. But in addition to the traditional "identification mark" there are symbols chosen by people, for instance, a favourite bird. It is about them OUTLOOK expands below. To register the people's love by document, in 1960 in Tokyo at the International Conference on the Protection of Birds was created the concept of "national bird".
Interesting facts about Amazon river
Amazon River – the river that not only South America but our entire planet cannot be imagined without – seems to have been explored length and breadth. But somehow every year scientists find out something about it they’ve never thought of before. We tried to gather most interesting and least-known facts about it in our feature.
Sataplia: Honey for dinosaurs
In recent years Georgia has rightly become very popular touristic spot on world map. Probably, everybody will find something for oneself in this proud mountainous state: amazing nature, delicious food, devote and cordial friends and much, much more. Outlook try to visit it as often as possible and share all kinds of interesting stuff with you. Today we’ll tell about a marvelous Sataplia Reserve.
Lakes that are changing the idea of the power of the nature
At the bare mention of the word lake, our imagination pictures soothing, nostalgia-laden images of quite pond cosily embraced by the grassy hills. OUTLOOK prepared a selection of the most spectacular lakes, which will change your understanding of this work of nature. Each of them has something to surprise, whether it is unusual water shade, or frightening ability to petrify living creatures.
Chile: Land That Breathes with Fire
A thing that for tourists is a reason to click photo cameras in amazement, for local citizens is a source for constant concern and even grave danger. A chain of fire-breathing volcanoes, banded with salt lakes and thermal geysers, is believed to be one of the most astonishing spots on the planet. But one thing is to have a look and leave and completely another – to constantly ‘sit on a powderkeg’.
Art of topiary
When I, as a little girl, for the first time passed my hand over trimmed bush, my palm got scratched with sharp edges of twigs and lasting arborvitae fragrance hit my nose. Mesmerized, I was not able to take my eyes away from the cones, balls and squares that surrounded me in the park of a small resort town. I felt like being inside a fairy tale, where behind the leaves I could notice a smile of the Cheshire Cat.
Foot walk around Aachen
To visit three countries over one day – it is possible if you are in Aachen. Situated amid Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, small student town took in features of medieval culture that reflected in its astonishing architecture. Yelena Buravtsova visited the town for it to win her heart with its off-beat monuments, streets paved with stone blocks, cozy cafés, one of a kind printed spice cake, museums and spectacular races.
Which island is the most expensive?
The owners of island Calala near the coast of Nicaragua offer to rent it for one million dollars. The island with the square of 0.1 ha has all the infrastructure common for such sea areas. The only thing unusual is, perhaps, price. The editions describing all the expensive things paid attention to it. What is proposed for one million?
Close
Outlook facebook page