Статьи  >  Visit  >  Israel: Few Stops at Galilee

Israel: Few Stops at Galilee

Автор: 19.08.2015 | Israel
In Lower Galilee Nazareth spreads out - the place where Virgin Mary had her Annunciation and where Jesus Christ lived. It isn't the only fact that lures pilgrims from all over the world to Galilee. Religion scholars estimated that it was in its vicinity where Jesus performed eight out of eleven miracles - in this area that is rich for monuments of architecture. OUTLOOK will tell you about three stops at Galilee where it is proper to hold your breath and hear history talking. Todaywe speak about the Mount of Beautitudes, Tabgha and Capernaum.

Mount of Beautitudes

Gospel of Matthew mentions a mountain that Jesus Christ ascended to deliver his Sermon on the Mount. To the north of Kinneret Lake an upland speads out that got called the Mount of Beautitudes - because every line in the legendary sermon begins with "Blessed be" - and further as the text goes: "the poor in spirit", "those who mourn", "the meek", " those who hunger and thirst for righteousness ", "the mercyfull,", "the pure in heart", "the peacemakers", "those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake".

For many years historians had been arguing as to which mountain to grant the title "of Beautitudes" to. According to Byzantians, the hill that was called Karnei Hittin (literally- "wheat horns") was meant; catholic encyclopedia sticks to the same version.

In 1930s Franciscan monks established that the Mount of Beautitudes was situated in a different location, not far from the valley of Tabgha. In the course of archeological excavations it turned out that in 4th century a church existed there. A group of churchmen, headed by religious science scholar father Bellarmino Bagatti, decided that there was no better place to build a new church.

Modern church was erected by 1938 by design of an architect Antonio Barluzzi. By the way, the order on commencement of construction was given by nobody else but future leader of National Fascist Party of Italy Benitto Mussolini. The word is even that a part of the necessary amount of money was allocated by Adolf Hitler. In the process of the church's erection Barluzzi faced a serious obstacle: British authorities considered him the follower of fascist ideology and tried to interfere with the construction. So it took the architect a lot of effort to get Italian marble delivered to destination point.

The chapel that decorates the Mount constitues an octagon - it is no coincidence that the sermon of Jesus Christ mentions eight beautitudes. And stained-glass windows with lines of the sermon inside the church serve as a reminder for everyone who comes to this sacred place.


The valley with Arabic name Tabgha the Israelis honor under Hebrew words "Ein Sheva" that translates as "spring of seven". Now that we mentioned it, the latter one is distinctive for high contents of sulfur. However, Greeks, who had come to the spot, called it "Heptapegon" to emphasize that as many fish as there cannot be found in the entire region of Kinneret Lake.

Alongside natural distinctives, the valley is famous for an exotic construction - the Church of Multiplication of the Loaves and Fish. In its yard, behind the sacred spot, seven fish-shaped taps are located as if to remind about unique springs of these lands. Biblical story has it that it was there where Jesus showed people his miracle - how multitude of people can be satisfied with small amount of food when fed from godly hands.

... When the spirit of John the Baptist crossed the Great Divide, he felt like being in solitude to pray for the departed - thus he walked to Tabgha. However people wouldn't leave him alone: the curious attempted talking to him, the sick begged for healing. Jesus spent the whole day listening to lamentations of the suffering: healing, consoling. But by twilight those present got hungry.

In Mark 6 further events are described in the following way: "And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes: looking up to heaven, he blessed and broke the loaves and gave the disciples to set before them; and the two fishes he devided among them all. And they all did eat and get their fill. And they took up the leavings, twelve full baskets of fragments and of the fishes. And they that did eat, wre five thousand men..."

Consiquently, in times of Emperor Constantine the Great's reign - in 350 A.D. - a church was build on this location. Three hundred years later Persian conquerors enroached on the sacred place - and for almost a thousand years the church remained buried beneath layers of ashes. Modern version was reconstructed by efforts of Benedictine Order. The altar was built where a stone lied that served as an improvised dining table in times of Jesus Christ.

Visitors of Tabgha can still behold authentic mosaic floor that almost hasn't lost its shape - only some flagstones have been renovated. Walking around the sacred stone, tourists and pilgrims enjoy the sight of the famous ornamentation that has two fishes and a basket of bread preserved for all posterity as a symbol of abundance.


Capernaum is another ancient city that has had its life going in full swing for twenty five hundred years already. It has prospered since its very foundation - with a quite fortunate location by the border of the state that was headed by King Herod. It has always been populous there - luckily, Capernaum lied on a route of nomands, who carried goods from the Mediterranean to Asia. After Herod's death, when Romans supressed a rebellion of the Jewish people, they didn't touch Capernaum: on the contrary, they turned it into a strategic center by locating a whole legion there.

Bible, too, allocates a special part to Capernaum: it was there where Jesus found his apostles - John, Jacob, Matthew, Andrew and Simon Peter. In Capernaum the Son of God healed fever in Simon Peter's mother-in-law and a Roman Centurion's servant. It was also there where he followed Yair, a ruler of a synagogue, to resuscitate his dead daughter - and worked a true miracle by making the girl rise from the dead.

Now, what is currently going on? Capernaum joined the list of national parks. There tourists can see remains of the "White Synagogue" there, admire height of its columns and freeze by the writing "The City of Jesus" to open gates humbly and tread sunlit ground.

Вам это будет интересно:
Incredible school lessons from around the world
Grinding away at their books to master basics of algebra and geometry, or memorizing years of monarchs’ reign skimming history textbooks is commonplace for schoolchildren all over the world while getting ready for a test in cybersecurity or boasting to have “A”s in beekeeping is strange at the vey least. Hereafter we are going to touch upon these and other unusual classes taught in foreign schools.
National winged symbols
Each state has its own official symbols: flag, coat of arms and anthem. But in addition to the traditional "identification mark" there are symbols chosen by people, for instance, a favourite bird. It is about them OUTLOOK expands below. To register the people's love by document, in 1960 in Tokyo at the International Conference on the Protection of Birds was created the concept of "national bird".
Eilat: Oasis of pleasures
Eilat springs on a guest suddenly, like a desert storm. Among sands and rocks, a garden of tellurian bliss blossoms; stones, melted with heat of fables, acquire gift of speech; and springs of King Solomon’s wisdom shoots through kaleidoscope of entertainments. With a sight wandering along placid mirror of waters by the shore of the Gulf of Eilat, everyone becomes a philosopher. And after a couple of sips of spicy cocktail – also a poet!
Unusual therapy: dolphins help to get rid of stress
How to get rid of stress and get a lot of fun? They say dolphin therapy is an effective remedy against emotional pain. Walking with dolphins can bring a bottomless amount of emotions and even expand the boundaries of the mind ... At least, the supporters of this way of thinking say so. Which countries are best to travel in order to be treated by the method of dolphin therapy?
Herzliya. Sun with a touch of luxury
If we turned time, say, eight centuries back, we would have got to Apollonia – a humble Greek port town. Now this spot located just ten kilometres from Tel Aviv, is a lazy spa-resort absorbing all the warmth of the Mediterranean sun and, let’s put it straight, a considerable amount of touristic investments. OUTLOOK visited Herzliya... and we challenge you to follow our footsteps immediately after reading!
They need warmith. Where birds stay for winter
As a child I could spend hours gazing at the sky and spying majestic flocks of birds winging their way south. For a kid this movement was a real magic. Today my bookshelf hosts almost no books about magic, though I am still excited about feathered tribes travelling in hope to land on their winter grounds.
EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW with film director Doron Paz
OUTLOOK managed to talk to Israeli film director Doron Paz who presented in Kiev his new work JeruZalem. You are welcome to read our interview about search for inspiration in titles of magazine articles, film industry future trends, and reasons of being not fond of critics.
There was held an opening of the exhibition and mural by the author KLONE in Kyiv
KLONE is artist who was born in Ukraine. He left country when he was eleven years old. That is why he pays a special credit to the opportunity to present his exhibition in Ukraine and color mural. We were able to take an exclusive interview from the mysterious master who accurately hides even his true name from the world.
Embassies of Bulgaria and Israel opened in Kyiv exhibition dedicated to the destiny of Jews in Bulgaria
The embassy of Republic Bulgaria and State Israel to Ukraine as well as Department of culture of Kyiv city national administration and National historic and architectural museum Kyiv Fortress opened an exhibition dedicated to the destiny of Jews in Bulgaria.
Start-ups from Israel: the best resource is brain
There are legends touching the ground of the fantastic fleet-footedness of Jewish nation and ability to make money on completely everything. Our twenty-first century when more and more people are creating business all over the world is not the exception if one says about the success of the citizens of Israel as it is enough to look only at their profitable and incredibly creative start-ups.
We were there: Israel
When unpacking suitcases upon arrival home from a trip you discover there not souvenirs, not memorable postcards, not a pair of trodden down sneakers that bear an imprint of a foreign land but something that has changed you by making you have a wider look at this world from a new angle. I am Alexandra Portyanko, production editor of, and this is my story of a trip to Israel.
The representation of ministry of travel of Israel arranged a panel discussion in the frames of forum Ukraine-Israel for 25 years of diplomatic relations
In the frames of the forum Ukraine-Israel ‘Twenty-five years of diplomatic relations: from the common heritage to the total vision’ which happened in the capital of Ukraine there was a panel discussion on the topic ‘Collaboration between Israel and Ukraine in travel sector’. The moderator of the discussion was PR Director of State travel fund of the office of Israel in Kyiv Anna Serokurova.
In Kyiv it was going the forum Ukraine-Israel. 25 years of diplomatic relations
In the capital of Ukraine it was a forum Ukraine-Israel ’25 years of diplomatic relations: from the common heritage to total vision’. The forum was organized by the Embassy of Israel State to Ukraine and personally the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Eliav Belotserkovski as well as under support of enterprise A7 CONFERENCES.
Living Water of Dead Sea
Already on the way to the water, the strong smell of salt and sulphur hit my nose. Shore were dotted with bizarre-shaped yellow-white boulders, and the whole expanse of the sea was enveloped in mysterious, whitish haze. This strange place was very quiet: no birds, on holidaymakers on sun loungers, the sea looked like a huge pot with hot thick jelly that barely reacted with light rips in response to rather strong wind.
PHOTOproject: Nobody leaves hungry. Colourful bazaars of Israel.
With support of the Embassy of Israel in Ukraine, OUTLOOK visited this exciting country. Today we share with you vivid photos of urban markets! Even through the photos on the screen local flavour makes you plunge into authentic and incredibly delicious atmosphere! Enjoy!
The delegation of Ministry of tourism came to Ukraine
In the course of the guests visit in the capital there have been thematic conferences and meetings. On the 14-th of September, the evening of presentations and business communication with the representatives of Ministry of tourism of Israel, mass media of Ukraine, leading travel operators, travel partners, and pilgrim centers.
The Embassy of Israel the awarding of the Righteous among the nations
On the 16-th of June, 2016 in National museum of history of Ukraine in the Second World War the Embassy of Israel State to Ukraine arranged a festive ceremony of awarding the Righteous among the nations with the diplomas and medals, particularly, people who gamble with life saving Jews during the Great Patriotic War.
The Ministry of tourism of Israel to Ukraine organized workshop "Jerusalem – Tel Aviv: two capitals in one country"
The delegation of Ministry of tourism of Israel to Ukraine along with the Association of Hotels of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, under the auspices of travel office of municipal administration of Tel Aviv and company developing Jerusalem arranged in Kyiv workshop ‘Jerusalem – Tel Aviv: two capitals in one country’.
Embassy of Israel Holds Concert in Honor of 25th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations with Ukraine
On May 26 at the National Philharmonic of Ukraine a concert took place, dedicated to 25th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Israel.
Ambassador of Israel Plants an Alley to Honor 25th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Israel to Ukraine Eliav Belotserkovsky planted an alley in Mariyinsky Park in Kyiv in honor of 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between our states.
Outlook facebook page