On July 14, 1918 in a Swedish town called Uppsala a man was born to create over 50 movies and direct several dozens of plays that raised the ante in art to an almost inaccessible level. Even today while watching his film created as much as half a century ago you realize that there is nothing they’ve lost – it’s more like they’ve gained.
“Probably the greatest film artist … since the invention of the motion picture camera.”
Against the background of all-consuming fancy for “lightness”, pseudo-humor, visual effects and other attributes of modern films, revelations of the Scandinavian director seem to be a bold look into the depth of human soul. It was hard for Bergman to mould his creations because each movie for him was a fight with own fears and daemons that were spoiling his own life as well as ones of people around him. We decided to concentrate on three most important issues and problems that the director addressed in his artwork.
“I am deeply fixated on my childhood.”
Ingmar Bergman grew up in a family of a priest where strictness, that at times bordered cruelty, reigned. Every violation of rules, even the most negligible one, used to be punished with birch-rods, hair pulling and confinement in a closet. Future director realized early in life that religion was far from being perfect and that one should look for God otherwise. This was why he decided to abandon paternal home and dedicate himself to art at an early age. Emotional turmoil of his childhood laid foundation for many films including Fanny and Alexander. Thank to this series not only did Bergman manage to complete Gestalt but also earn love of his fellow citizens. While being already acknowledged all over the world, in his motherland Bergman was considered “way too unintelligible”. 5-hour long family epic without much of art-house tinge caught fancy of millions of people because all of us one way or another get back to childhood and live lives “depending on it”.
“When I finished the picture (The Seventh Seal), my fear (of death) went away.”
According to Bergman, when he was young he was greatly afraid to die. Although during World War II Ingmar served at a theatre and never had to be at the front, universal post-war despondency pierced him. It must have been panic that made the Swede gain this crazy artistic pace – he produced a movie almost every year without abandoning theatre work. Fear to die without getting things off his chest wouldn’t give him a chance to have some rest and enjoy life. By means of incredibly physical and moral efforts Bergman created Medieval parable The Seventh Seal; in one of its scenes its leading character plays chess with death. This film work made the director comprehend vulnerability of every living thing to falling off the edge of earth and he began treating life in a calmer way.
«Sour Swedish Silence Set In».
Solitude is probably Bergman’s major daemon that he in fact never managed to beat. Having lived a whole life of a loner, the director spent his last years at Fårö Island where he was bothered by no one for months in a row. Lack of understanding, inability to sincerely communicate, no desire to talk to others and fear of being misread – the director used it all in his work over Persona movie. In this chamber work the plot concentrates around a popular actress who instantly ceases communicating with surrounding world. Unsociable demeanor of the character is as autobiographic as can be – it is known that the playwright avoided even those he loved. Once, when Andrei Tarkovsky, whose movies Bergman respected, was in Sweden, a meeting was arranged for them but the Scandinavian canceled it last minute. He later regretted the deed and explained it by saying that director Tarkovsky and his films were iconic and Ingmar was afraid to cast a slur on those by meeting human Tarkovsky.
Behind the window sad eyes of old man peered at Petrograd engulfed by revolutionary fire. This fire spread on his life's work: a proud four-story building was invaded by noisy commissioners and sailors, whose presence seemed a cruel joke after regular customers. Workshop owner Carl Gustavovich Fabergé, apparently, noticed in this chaos approaching decay of his career. However, he could have a secret gleam of hope for another life of his heritage.
And since winged horses of Valkyries darted away to Valhalla forever, Dalecarlian horse has remained the guardian of Vikings’ traditions – painted folk toy, first mentioned in chronicles of 17th century. Dalecarlian horse serves as an amulet of non-touristic Sweden by saving from oblivion ancient fables and beliefs.
The word is, Guy de Maupassant hated Eiffel Tower. The famous writer believed that it was uglifying the face of Paris without benefiting the city. Nevertheless, he could be often seen in a cozy cafe on the top of the construction. In such cases the author of “Bel Ami” used to say that “it was the only way the damned tower dropped out of his sight…”
It is often compared to San Francisco due to abundance of bridges, water, hills and fish restaurants catering for every taste and pocket. There, even usual tap water is real mineral water, the city is awash with luscious leafy green spaces inhabited by undisturbed rabbits and hares... It may seem that this is a fairy tale abode, but in fact this is city of Gothenburg located in Sweden.
In our “Know us” column, we usually talk about outstanding Ukrainians who have achieved significant success in one area or another. However, our today's hero - Eugène Deslaw or Yevgeny Slabchenko is very difficult to fit into some kind of framework. As he reached heights in several areas at once, being not only the most real Renaissance Man of the 20th century, but also a patriot of his Ukraine.
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti.
Cinematography is probably the most "technological" art form that mankind has ever come up with – no matter how much talent, imagination and energy creators of a movie have, almost every stage of creation process one way or another comes to technologies; and without them ideas will remain just ideas.
Can you remember the most unusual dish that you had ever a chance to try? You decide what kind of food it was: something exotic; those insects that we can hardly imagine as an ingredient; strange drink with a bitter taste; an unexpected combination of bitter and sour... Everyone has his or her own unforgettable experience in this regard. Today we would like to tell our readers about unusual and prominent chefs of the world, and even without reference to their era.
Sometimes it happens that you look at a postcard with a picture of a city and instantly realize that this is Kyiv, or Moscow, or Rome or your native village. And it isn’t courtesy of your geography teacher but back-breaking efforts of artisans with whose hands commonly familiar architecture masterpieces were created. Today we recall Italian conqueror of marble Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
In the childhood a famous Frenchman from Ukraine was a blue-eyed dreamer. Once all his dreams came true. Whatever he wanted, everything was easy, as if luck was following him. HBe was singing in the choir, he made his best at artistic talent - and, finally, he succeeded in ballet.
Peter Høeg is Danish writer and philosopher. Sometimes he is called as anchoret because he comes to society events quite rarely, only to represent his new books. The indoor life led to numerous legends that penetrate the image of Peter Høeg on his motherland. In this interview Peter Høeg told OUTLOOK how new novels are created, what hides behind the evident asceticism, and shared his view of life and person.
Oleg Borschevskiy is a famous film director, screenwriter and music video director. Among his works, there are music videos for such stars as Potap and Nastia, music bands NeAngely, Boombox, NIKITA, singers Maria Burmaka, Tonia Matvienko and many others. In a nice conversation, he recalled the most interesting places on the world map, which he visited and shared his personal disappointments.
About Picasso as a distinctive artist, graphic artist and sculptor, we know to some extent everything. Meanwhile, his other incarnations are pushed into the background. Ilya Ehrenburgh once very concisely described Pablo Picasso’s relations with his era: “20th century found in him its own dynamite expert, its own philosopher and its own poet”.
The music as long as the eternity or, in other words, Continuous music is the genre which causes loud arguments in professional circles. Lubomyr Melnyk, Canadian composer of Ukrainian origination sees in his ‘child’ Continuous music continuation of classic traditions. Which rules his scripts follow will OUTLOOK tell in the following material of the rubrics ‘Look at us!’
Behind the famous landing of Neil Armstrong and his team of the Moon in 1969 there wasn’t just an abstract triumph of the power of human brain but also a large group of highly-skilled engineers solving complicated tasks. Among them there was one specially standing out with his bold and unusual approach – a native of Ukraine Michael Yarymovych, one of supervisors of the “Moon program”. It is about him that we proudly tell about today within the framework of our column Ours Make the Grade.
In every art there are formats and rules – once in “mainstream” an Artist won’t have to starve. Even more so in totalitarian times when every sphere of people’s life is controlled and affected and selfhood has to be forgotten as such. It is probably in the face of a system natural talents emerge for their work to become immortal. Today Outlook recalls one of them, artist Kateryna Bilokur.
Quite soon, on the 8-th of November the official entrance of the most important Stockholm cultural center "Scandia" will be getting decorated with red road where the hundreds of cinema celebrities are going to honor the start of the prestigious "Stockholms filmfestival". We will tell today about the most prominent and crucial event in the world of cinema.
On the 26-th of October it will be going a desirable premier of documental and biographic movie ‘Dancer’ on the price of success paid by the artist of ballet Serhii Polunin. Being originated from Kherson, he accidentally appeared in the Royal Theater in London where he became an overnight success but then went off the grid to get even more love of the spectators. Today OUTLOOK continues the cycle of materials about successful Ukrainians.
Having woken up and switched on TV, we are filling our house with the positive, energy, and bubbly laughing of those who make each our day easier and funnier on another side of the screen. Sometimes a spectator feels that world of television is the absolute holiday and festival, but too frequently our good mood and careless day is followed by the accurate and from times to times such a responsible work… Today the TV-host Grigoriy Reshetnyak shares with our readers the story of his success.