RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Enjoy  >  Not only a tower is a symbol. The best works of Gustav Eiffel

Not only a tower is a symbol. The best works of Gustav Eiffel

Автор: 27.10.2019 | architecture, France, personalities
The word is, Guy de Maupassant hated Eiffel Tower. The famous writer believed that it was uglifying the face of Paris without benefiting the city. Nevertheless, he could be often seen in a cozy cafe on the top of the construction. In such cases the author of “Bel Ami” used to say that “it was the only way the damned tower dropped out of his sight…”

And although it is this metallic erection, created by the hands of Gustave Eiffel, that became the most popular symbol of France, its author managed to astonish the world with his works more than once. During his long life (he died at the age of 92) the architect managed to do a lot. He built up very complicated bridges and viaducts, was one of the first to design Paris subway, took part in construction tenders around the globe – from Egypt to Russia – and in the latter days of his life he conceived a passion for space and aerodynamics. Funny story: in due time professors of the prestigious “École Polytechnique” of Paris didn’t accept young Gustave to the ranks of its student believing that a guy from French province won’t be good enough for the serious science…

We made our own TOP-5 objects that a graduate of a much more modest “École centrale des arts et manufactures” has a finger and a head in a pie. Let’s start from the second best cognizable place of attraction in the world – the Statue of Liberty. Authorship of the construction may belong to the sculptor Frederic Bartholdi, but the construction would have hardly gotten under way unless Gustave Eiffel had made correct calculations for the pylon to be able to bear 120 tons.Beautiful-Statue-of-Liberty-Wallpaper-HD.jpgPhoto pixelstalk.net

Aside from purely decorative erections, the architect engaged himself in practical stuff as well. For instance, he connected the cities of Porto and Vila Novae de Gaia via an utterly avant-garde at that point Maria Pia Bridge. This giant, that stretches out for as long as 160 meters, hanging over the river Douro, had served the Portuguese with good faith and fidelity until they assigned Eiffel’s creation the status of a monument. By the way, in 1875 when local authorities announced a construction competition, the Frenchman suggested the most revolutionary in terms of architecture and therewith the cheapest project.the-garabit-viaduct-france.jpgPhoto europeanbestdestinations.com

Not that long, maybe, but not less elegant bridges were used by the engineer when erecting the oldest Parisian shopping mall “Le Bon Marche”. Founded by Aristide Boucicaut, main French “GUM” (note: “GUM” – “Main Department Store”, situated in Moscow) became the real centre of trade. Today, many years after the opening, inhabitants of the city as well as numerous tourists still crowd in the building that is interesting not only from consumer’s but also from artistic point of view. Probably, as anything that the great architect ever touched.PARIS1015-bon-marche.jpg
Photo travelandleisure.com

Budapest tour guides don’t really play hanky-panky saying that their city is “Eiffel’s offspring”. Having fallen in love with a local beauty, Gustave spent over 10 years there to leave constructions that still evoke amazement. Take, for instance, Budapest-Nyugati Railway Terminal. After thoroughly inspecting the old building, Eiffel decided not to tear it down but to build a new one so to say “on top of it” instead. At first Hungarians couldn’t actually comprehend the Frenchman’s conception but they placed confidence in his authority and obtained such a railway terminal that many European capitals couldn’t have dreamt of at the time. All in all, strolling around Budapest and contemplating its bridges, streets and central market one recognizes the hand of the master even without being an expert. It is for a reason that the city on the Danube banks is referred to as Europe’s Eastern Paris.28b0e323bdb37507f20512d262dd904b.jpgPhoto welovebudapest.com

As we’ve already mentioned, in the twilight of his life the architect took to aerodynamics and space. No wonder, because in late 1870s he erected a dome for one of the most beautiful observatories of the world, situated in Nice. When it was miles away from computers and modern hydraulics, Eiffel managed to construct an object so that one person with average strength could turn the telescope depending on the needs.

Frenchmen may have been disrelishing their “useless” tower for a long time, but it is it that they owe to first TV-broadcasting and swift despatches from fronts of World War I and World War II. And all this thanks to Gustave Eiffel – the man who, when already famous, believed that his destiny was gracious to him. Should he have entered the aspired “École Polytechnique”, he would have become a dull engineer-theorist, not a creator of actual architectural masterpieces.

Cover photo goodfon.com

Вам это будет интересно:
A jewelry approach to perfection
Behind the window sad eyes of old man peered at Petrograd engulfed by revolutionary fire. This fire spread on his life's work: a proud four-story building was invaded by noisy commissioners and sailors, whose presence seemed a cruel joke after regular customers. Workshop owner Carl Gustavovich Fabergé, apparently, noticed in this chaos approaching decay of his career. However, he could have a secret gleam of hope for another life of his heritage. If only he knew that it would come true, maestro would hardly have lost his spiritual strength...
The great curves: Friedensreich Hundertwasser
He made up his name to be one of a kind. Riot of his selfhood became the basis for enormous artistic heritage while architecture demonstrated the possibility to combine ecological compatibility with modern technologies.
The Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey: To see and fall in love
Imagine a magnificent picture: in the middle of boundless waves, out of nowhere, before your eyes rises up an ancient mysterious castle - the Benedictine Abbey towering at the top of a rocky islet just out to sea... All around the islet strongest rises and falls of tides are raging, so rapidly that often compared to the speed of galloping horse.
PHOTOproject: Beyond Warsaw
We were catching the warm spring sun rays at almost empty Warsaw Sunday streets. When the sun had hidden behind the skyscraper - we got high on the tallest among them to enjoy the sunset.
World ghettos: Paris in hebrew style
Fresh and crunchy pita breads, prayerful synagogues, kosher restaurants and sweetest people with payot and kind eyes - to see this picture, do not fly to Israel, just drop into Paris based district called the Marais, the story about which adds to our articles devoted to national ghettos.
Canadian skyscrapers: Upwards and Downwards
There is hardly a person, who did not cancel his or her appointment or a walk due to nasty weather, since it is a challenge to get dressed, to keep warm, to wait in the bitter cold for transport, instead you feel like wrapping yourself in blanket and read a book.
Stroll Around Dungeons of Europe: Paris, Berlin, Prague
Sauntering through picturesque nooks of Grand Dame Europe we look around without even suspecting how many interesting things there are beneath our feet. If you are annoyed with standard tours that include marathon race around museums and monuments, we suggest you have a look at good Old World from a different perspective. Or more specifically, look under its feet.
Treasures of Denmark
Why have three wives if there is a chance to get hold of jewels? And as soon as a name of a king becomes “nourished” with a collection of family relics, one can start thinking about the one and only who will continue a reputed kin. Knowing that Thirty Years’ War was about to begin, Christian IV of Denmark and Norway ordered to build a castle that would be impossible to destroy.
Provence: from Marseille to Monaco
Mon amour, mon ami… All most beautiful words and songs of love sound in French. Review every curve of France and find privacy in province of Provence that gently swings in the south-east of Brigitte Bardot and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Ancient cities from Marseille to Monaco are penetrated with lyric antiquity so ideas of staying at Côte d’Azur keep coming back to your head.
Cambodia Should Be Inside
In the very heart of jungles, surrounded by a stripe of water around the perimeter, a huge regular-shaped rectangle that seems like it is giving geometry classes to the starts overlooking it is situated. Silent skies saw times of shiny glory and painful descent of this amazing object. Over five centuries it had been the prime pearl of the mysterious Khmer Empire, its crowning glory and its enemies’ envy.
Eastern hights
Stereotypes are terrible. They form a definite picture of the world in our heads, and it is not so easy to change. Take, for instance, the concept of skyscraper: imagination of 90% people immediately provoke skyline of American cities, familiar from movies and TV. It is quite logical, but nowadays panorama of the best luxury skyscrapers is in other direction – keep moving to the East. For Arab structures may outdo Western ones in all respects.
Snow-covered peaks. Best winter resorts
The cold season brings not only such important things as wrapping into a reindeer sweater, drinking hot chocolate and once again reviewing Christmas comedies. Thus, sport has not been canceled yet, so OUTLLOK compiled top five ski resort bucket list for you to cheer up and get out of your winter sleep.
Dijon through the eyes of Irina Pleskach
France is too big and diverse country to see a moveable feast of Paris only. After a few days in the city of Montmartre and the Champs-Elysées, one can afford going to the less publicized destinations. For instance, Burgundy town called Dijon is located relatively close to the capital. It is worthy of a visit and is able to surprise. No wonder they say, little pigeons can carry great messages.
World ghettos: Asian District of Paris
Paris is rightfully considered one of the most interesting megacities in the world, since any city is not only about architecture, but it is also about inhabitants. Speaking specifically about the capital of France, it is incredibly colorful and atmospheric, since probably all the nationalities of the world live there. Today we will talk about the amazing 13th arrondissement which is called Asian.
Belleville: Paris Babylon
Probably, every person on Earth knows the myth about the famous Babylon Tower that different peoples were destined never to build. Surprisingly, what failed in fiction occurs before our eyes: tens of various peoples peacefully reside in Belleville, neighborhood in Paris, and erect Tolerance Tower, for everyone to see.
Open Day at French Institute with participation of French ambassdor to Ukraine Etienne de Poncins
Saturday morning started brightly in Kyiv, at O. Honchar Street 84, where the French Institute welcomed its guests.
OUTLOOK: for the Day of Independence of Ukraine...
Today in honor of Independence Day of Ukraine OUTLOOK prepared interesting stories about sites that are in UNESCO world heritage list ! We want not only to see beauty of foreign cultures and places of interest but also to pay attention on Ukrainian ones!!!
Mosque: Shrine of the Muslim world
Mosque, is a prayer building with a dome. It has adjacent minaret towers, there can be not more then nine minarets; stepping inside a pilgrim sees ancient writings which are lines from the Quran. Only Arabic words adorn the walls, portrait painting is prohibited. Today we will tell our readers about the most extraordinary treasures of the Muslim world.
Between Heaven And... Water: World’s 5 smallest inhabited islands
Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
Appeasement and beauty. Impressive temples of Asia
Buddhists say: to get rid of suffering, one should get rid of desire. There are special places for that. Today we suggest you to check out our top five of stunning temples, where Buddhists and tourists are looking for a way to harmony for their souls.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page