RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Visit  >  Pompeii: Life under ashes

Pompeii: Life under ashes

Автор: 23.03.2020 | Italy, history
Human history remembers Dresden, Hiroshima, Nagasaki. The list goes on and it includes Pompeii where residents turned into stoned monuments against their will. Located near modern Naples, the city with views of Mount Vesuvius was one of the most developed cities not only in the Roman Empire, but also in Europe. Once thriving community it flourished in many spheres: painting...

Located near modern Naples, the city with views of Mount Vesuvius was one of the most developed cities not only in the Roman Empire, but also in Europe. Once thriving community it flourished in many spheres: painting: art experts believe Pompeian sculpture and mosaics can compete with works created by Renaissance artists; economy: a trade route to Southern Italy ran through Pompeii; science: there was found a sundial divided into equal sections dating from the first century AD, but only in the late Middle Ages such devices became usual.

The local people believed that their home city was better than Rome. Patriotism in Pompeii was really up to par. During the gladiator fights in 59 AD citizens quarrelled with visitors from Nocera. Battle was terrible, the amphitheatre hosted about 20 thousand spectators. As a result, thousands of injured and hundreds of killed and disqualification of the arena for 10 years. Fight was won by the proud Pompeiians, of course.1_Pompei-1160x772.jpgPhoto prestigetouritaly.com

However, such long-term disqualification was not destined to last. Three years later in the year of 62, the nature sent the first signal for the Pompeii inhabitants – a major earthquake that rocked the city almost completely destroyed it and took thousands of lives. After that half-abandoned city plunged into chaos of crime, anarchy and barbarism. Temples were destroyed, rich house robbed, yesterday slaves turned into masters carrying out the trade with weapon. Locals gathered in central squares, prayed and even made sacrifices.

Read also: Beaches and antiquity in Roman suburbs Ostia

It took about 5 years to restore order. Although Pompeii was part of the empire, the emperor Nero gave up and did not want to help the wayward inhabitants. On their own the Pompeians rebuilt the city, and fled townspeople came back, and with them came more and more new residents who dreamt to find their place in the sun. According to historians, including Tacitus, the disaster was impetus not only physically. Pompeii concentrated on repairing the damages the earthquake had caused, determined to make their town even more splendid than before. Already in the 70th year, there were about 120 taverns, 40 bakeries, several dozen of factories sewing clothes. Business and trade began to fill local treasury again.

Unfortunately, it lasted not long. In the morning of August 24, 79, few residents paid attention to the black cloud over Mount Vesuvius which was long considered an ordinary mountain. In daytime it seemed that night came to the city: sky was shrouded with smoke, white ashes covered snow-white roofs and clothes. Inhabitants began to suffocate, and the earth trembled even more than in the year of 62nd. What happened next was probably hard to describe without being an eyewitness. One witness Pliny the Younger wrote that panic started because a giant pillar rose to a 20-kilometer height from the summit of the volcano, rocks fell down from sky, lava came closer...pompei-1-copia-1.jpgPhoto naplesbay.it

Many residents rescued themselves, but unfortunately there were a lot of victims. According to rough estimates, from 2 to 12 thousand people died granted the city had about 20 thousand residents. Excavations which have started by accident 15 centuries later are still going on. From time to time we see and hear about the amazing archaeological finds, but still the most "common" exhibit is people forever frozen in the lava.

Cover photo civitatis.com

Вам это будет интересно:
The most beautiful churches in the world: charm and divine power
The architecture of temples has interesting and sometimes controversial history. Quite often the novelties and fundamentals of movements in architecture started with the building of temples with sophisticated design. The Polish Roman Catholic churches are rather bright in their beauty.
Venetian type of taxi: gondolas
Perhaps, there is no such a person on the planet who did not hear about the unique Italian city on the water. During several centuries Venice with its amazing architecture, fantastic landscape and own atmosphere has been attracting people from all the corners of the world. So as to feel it and see under unexpected corner, one should swim on the legendary gondolas.
What do they eat: Rome’s cuisine
OUTLOOK often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine...
Borders cannot make harm: The most famous enclaves of the world
Today OUTLOOK travels along the cities and countries that are considered as the most interesting from the point of view of geography and administrative management. Moreover, they are enclaves as they are located within the territories of other states.
Stroll Around Dungeons of Europe: Paris, Berlin, Prague
Sauntering through picturesque nooks of Grand Dame Europe we look around without even suspecting how many interesting things there are beneath our feet. If you are annoyed with standard tours that include marathon race around museums and monuments, we suggest you have a look at good Old World from a different perspective. Or more specifically, look under its feet.
Departure: Balchik
If you like having rest in Bulgaria but haven’t picked a town to stay in, try and do it in Balchik. It will suit those who value cozy yet non-costly trips without a flow of holiday-makers and an empty pocket afterwards. And the town’s ancient age together with unique landmarks will create a great alternative to sun and sea bathes.
Sacred animals of the Incas
Our "Peruvian cycle" is replenished with the story of the most revered animals in Peru. Being the link between the present and the past, they play an important role in the life of this nation. Wise ancestors of the modern Peruvians, the ancient Incas, were living in harmony with all life that surrounded them.
World ghettos: Little Italy a la New York
When moving to a new country, more often than not people tend to get settled nearby emigrants like themselves. It is pretty convenient: accommodation isn’t expensive, job can be found right on the location and there is no need to study a new language – everyone around understands you. This is how national ghettos appear.
Everone soon or late comes to Rome
He shall never again be wholly unhappy, for he has seen Italy and especially Rome, Goethe said. Our reader and photographer Roman Matkov fully agrees with this opinion. Today he is sharing his impressions of the eternal city with our readers.
If you have 10 dollars and you are in Bologna
Incredible in its texture, orange-red medieval architecture, majestic gallery-streets instead of usual pavements that allow having pedestrian walks in any weather and also a title of culinary capital of Italy – aren’t these reasons alone enough to have a trip to Bologna? Outlook believes that they are so we tell how and on what to spend your hypothetical 10 dollars in this cozy city.
The carnival of Venice: I know you, mask
During the days of the famous Carnival, romantic Venice gets rebirth. Its streets are shining with premonition of holiday, and all the eyes show a whole range of joyful emotions: from euphoria to the familiar thought "Is this happening to me?" Noteworthy, that according to estimates of very punctual travellers, more than half a million tourists come to event.
Forgotten art: Chinese ceremony in South Korea
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
If you have 10 dollars and you are in Rome
Today, OUTLOOK continues one of its most popular column with a story about how you can spend ten dollars, forever green and pleasant for pocket and eye, in the Eternal City in which crowds of tourists flock annually and who never ceases to amaze every lucky person who has been here! Believe us, the capital of Italy has something to surprise you!
Silk Road: Tajik Style
Merely on hearing “Silk Road” we picture valiant wanderers and caravans full of precious items and exotic articles that cross countries and continents. Today we tell about Tajik cities that acted as major transfer points on this trading artery.
Mushroom Season in Italy
It's no secret that Italy is one of the most popular tourist destinations. This country offers something interesting for every visitor. Some people come to admire architecture or to fetch trendy clothes, others are tempted by seaside vacation, and there are some who comes for mushrooms!
Underground Brilliance of the Empire: Budapest Metro
After having spent merely an hour for a flight from Kyiv, I suddenly realized I reached the city where continental Europe’s oldest subway is situated. And things that Budapest underground is famous for are not limited to this. OUTLOOK sets on a trip around metropolitan of one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Want to go down?
Departure: Trieste
Try to guess name of this city and its location: the Croats and the Slovenes are scurrying here and there, they drink beer no worse than regular customers of the best Austrian breweries and combine it with snack of pasta and local seafood. You are unlikely to grasp immediately what it is all about, but we unveil it for you as our today story is about the Italian city of Trieste.
Beaches and antiquity in Roman suburbs Ostia
Ancient Rome, full of beauty and attractions, welcomes more than 30 million tourists annually. To see with your own eyes the Coliseum, to put your hand in the Mouth of Truth and throw a coin into the Trevi Fountain is the dream of any traveler. But few people know that just 30 kilometers from the capital there is not less attractive and not yet occupied by tourists Ostia...
Between Heaven And... Water: World’s 5 smallest inhabited islands
Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
Water gates. Impressive world harbors
Airports, railway and bus stations are almost always erected at a human whim, while ports and harbours are joint creation of homo sapiens and nature. In this article OUTLOOK presents you the most beautiful port destinations with their own unique character worth exploring.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page