More than fifteen hundred years ago Romans were awe struck when they caught the very first sight of the Sistine Chapel. After that masters of painting were born and dead as well as whole pictural art styles. And contemporaries of you and me gape on the distinguished temple.
However, while admiring another line intricacy and allusive painting theme, bear in mind that beneath the plot of glossy surface, as per usual, stand painfully familiar disputes with an impatient client, unpleasant surprises from nature and damaged health of painters-executants.
The Sistine Chapel, according to original project of Pope Julius II, resembled quite unelaborated composition: central image of Jesus surrounded by twelve disciples located in triangles on the periphery of the ceiling. Michelangelo Buonarotti, who was charged with the task of depicting something in his comprehension so poor, put it mildly, was not thrilled. And at times it is hard even for pontifices to argue with a stubborn genius… So, after an eternity spent in longstanding blandishments, the Pope approved iconography amplification in the discretion of the maitre. Thus, Old Testament themes were added to the project of the future Chapel and prophets and prophetesses took places of disciples.
However, these were only first difficulties. Unlike Julius II, nature turned out to be a less cooperative lady. It is hard even for great frescos to resist moistness that was spreading its grey spot on the plaster. Michelangelo’s assistants had to be fixing the problem all the time. Without their help a quick-tempered artist would have dropped his work after another conflict with the Pope. Say what you will, but relations between the two were both dramatic and humorous. Payment delays, regular preponement of the due date (perennial problem, isn’t it?) and hasty tempers of both pontifex and Buonarotti turned the process of the Sistine Chapel designing into a farce tragicomedy with continuous impingement upon ambitions of the both parties.Photo vaticantips.com
The fact that the master was lying around the clock in his “flying” scaffolding with his head thrown aback is a matter of common knowledge. But there are hardly many people who know that due to his outrageously fanatic nature, Michelangelo also strictly forbade anyone at all to enter the premises in his absence. He couldn’t shake concerns about intruders and it was keeping him on the alert. Once he even decided to waylay them. By virtue of the genre, the worst suspicions proved true: there was a stranger in the chapel. The master, furious because of the fact that his prohibition against entering was ignored, started pelting wood blocks and anything that had a slightest ability to fly. And even the fact that it was the pontifex himself withdrawing from the crime scene (he decided to bribe security guard and get an eyeful of the half-finished order) didn’t daunt on the pissed off Buonarotti. It was this exchange of pleasantries and panels that had an impact on the final cut of the temple. Michaelangelo forbade gold-plating of the ceiling reasoning it with pretended complicacy of repeated scaffolding installation. Then again, even without precious metals the Sistine Chapel cannot be denied elegance and splendor. And all this owes to so called illusionistic architecture – a peculiar network of ribs, shields, angels images and nude bodies. Pictures of shells (symbol of Mother Mary) and acorns with oak leaves – the symbol of papal family della Rovere were no rarity as well Photo apollo-magazine.com
Sad to say, but despite the good offices of renovators and guardians, the chapel’s present look brings across its grandeur only in part. During renovation of 1980s frescos gained fresher view. But due to discrepancies in painting techniques a very special feature of the frescos was lost – their talking glances. Thus, many shapes that came out from under Michelangelo’s brush closed their eyes on the visitors forever.Photo wikiwand.com
However, those willing to have a squint at Buonarotti’s works have no intention to do the same. The interest is stirred up by the fact that photo shooting of the chapel is forbidden. You bet that the most fearless and desperate judges of the beauty manage to steal a picture of paintings but disappointment is expecting them anyway. Rumor has it, even best-heeled photographers with all necessary equipment and lighting fail to make good pictures of the chapel. It is hard to say right off the bat where the element of truth is in all the mysticism and what contributes to sagacity and pragmatism of local tour guides. But it very much looks like master Michelangelo created a real wonder: something capturing that can be captured neither on a screen nor on a film.
Should we have a look at notes of those who plan their trips to Spain, next to the darling of all hearts, Barcelona, Montserrat is bound to rank second. Also, the mountain of the abbey is a must-visit spot for local dwellers, too – they believe it necessary to visit Catalonia’s religious heart at least once a year.
You often got convinced that skilful hands of a master who puts life into his creation, can transform humble tree stump into a charming violin, piece of plaster becomes an ancient sculpture, and even clay tile looks like a work of fine art.
Stereotypes are terrible. They form a definite picture of the world in our heads, and it is not so easy to change. Take, for instance, the concept of skyscraper: imagination of 90% people immediately provoke skyline of American cities, familiar from movies and TV. It is quite logical, but nowadays panorama of the best luxury skyscrapers is in other direction – keep moving to the East. For Arab structures may outdo Western ones in all respects.
Sauntering through picturesque nooks of Grand Dame Europe we look around without even suspecting how many interesting things there are beneath our feet. If you are annoyed with standard tours that include marathon race around museums and monuments, we suggest you have a look at good Old World from a different perspective. Or more specifically, look under its feet.
What do you imagine when you hear the word "abbey"? I'm sure most people will first of all think of Westminster. But what if I said that in fact it is no longer an abbey? So what makes these medieval buildings so special? Let's look at the example of buildings from different European countries.
Perhaps, there is no such a person on the planet who did not hear about the unique Italian city on the water. During several centuries Venice with its amazing architecture, fantastic landscape and own atmosphere has been attracting people from all the corners of the world. So as to feel it and see under unexpected corner, one should swim on the legendary gondolas.
How many kinds of tourism are there? Gastro, ecotourism, shopping — there are probably as many varieties of them as travelers themselves — everyone choose what they want. Today we talk about people visiting places that have become locations for shoting famous movies.
"A small territory with a great mission" is the motto under which on February 11, 1929 Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See recognized Vatican as a sovereign territory. It was an agreement which opened doors for curious patrons who for centuries had been trading gossip about "What is kept inside Vatican castles?".
Why have three wives if there is a chance to get hold of jewels? And as soon as a name of a king becomes “nourished” with a collection of family relics, one can start thinking about the one and only who will continue a reputed kin. Knowing that Thirty Years’ War was about to begin, Christian IV of Denmark and Norway ordered to build a castle that would be impossible to destroy.
In the very heart of jungles, surrounded by a stripe of water around the perimeter, a huge regular-shaped rectangle that seems like it is giving geometry classes to the starts overlooking it is situated. Silent skies saw times of shiny glory and painful descent of this amazing object. Over five centuries it had been the prime pearl of the mysterious Khmer Empire, its crowning glory and its enemies’ envy.
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
Buddhists say: to get rid of suffering, one should get rid of desire. There are special places for that. Today we suggest you to check out our top five of stunning temples, where Buddhists and tourists are looking for a way to harmony for their souls.
The architecture of temples has interesting and sometimes controversial history. Quite often the novelties and fundamentals of movements in architecture started with the building of temples with sophisticated design. The Polish Roman Catholic churches are rather bright in their beauty.
At the sight of Flemish lacework it is hard to shake the feeling that miraculous flowers, artfully braided into a wreath of a pattern, were born from loose sparks that had escaped a magic wand. On the inside of the beauty there are efforts and days of jetsam girls, stolen from life by labyrinth of openwork loops.
Magic dance of a snake in time with flute’s melody often described in Eastern fairy tales and depicted in movies is no fiction but a true symbol of those countries. In Egypt, India, African countries and some other states slithering tribe are tamed to make a spectacular entertainment out of it. Profession of reptile charmers exists there; it is believed to be as nearly as the most amazing on Earth.
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
We have amber flowing through our veins, joke the Balts. They believe that a sunny stone comes from tear drops of their goddess Jūratė. According to legend, she was careless enough to fall in love with a mere mortal fisherman named Kastytis who day by day cast his nets to the Baltic Sea.
Dirty cars are like a host for an artist. One may treat such art differently. Someone will wrinkle his nose and disdainfully wrestle his clothes. Others necessarily want to put a finger in such a picture in order to check the fragility of the "canvas" and smear its outlines. However, others will definitely make a selfie. However, nobody can pass by.
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti.
When I, as a little girl, for the first time passed my hand over trimmed bush, my palm got scratched with sharp edges of twigs and lasting arborvitae fragrance hit my nose. Mesmerized, I was not able to take my eyes away from the cones, balls and squares that surrounded me in the park of a small resort town. I felt like being inside a fairy tale, where behind the leaves I could notice a smile of the Cheshire Cat.