RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  Don’t break the tongue: The hardest languages in the world

Don’t break the tongue: The hardest languages in the world

Author: 02.07.2018 | traditions, history, culture
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. Outlook has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.

Tabasaran language: in the depth of grammar

When you choose the hardest language among what humanity has invented to speak, it is easy to break the tongue, and such a scruple made people create a thousand and one proverbs on the topic of long-winded linguistic collocations. All of them are acceptable in terms of the most difficult language in the world. It is going about Tabasaran language which is not easy to talk in even for those who are considered as the native speakers.

The citizens of Dagestan tried to fill it with such sophisticated expressions that even Guinness Book of Records put into its list this dialect with forty-eight case. By the way, the number 48 is accepted conditionally as even erudite Dagestanians are not assured in the quantity of the case, and, perhaps, they exceed the proposed number.Photo flnka.ru

How could the citizens of Dagestan learn so many rules by heart and also use them in the speech? Since the ancient time young people have received deep education what was connected with the sequence of religion changes at the lands of Dagestan. Everything started from Albanian enlightenment which was followed by Islamic traditions that made contribution in the view of Arabian language to the space of Dagestan.

Since young years the children had to learn the verses from Koran getting familiar with the facts how to worship God in an appropriate manner. The most complicated grammar had been learnt in the junior school in a special Muslim school mekteb. The tutors required to develop the analytical skills, made debates, learnt how to stand for their opinion. Everything aforementioned was necessary for the logical thinking that was must-have while studying the intricate Tabasaran language.

Having reached the teenage years, the children came to medrese where education got military manner. The pupils had to be able to know law perfectly, have logical mind and be ready to give blood for the country in case the danger overhung native lands. Tabasaran language was discovered from a new side in a medrese as the teachers concentrated on making children learn all the subtleties of Arabian language usage that became a part of Dagestani language.

Such an education was also connected with the fact that at the lands of Tabasaran there were a lot of sacred wars. The nomads and hostile nationalities tended to occupy Tabasaran. There was a mixture of culture and religions, and it was very important to know a national language so as not to get lost in its waterfall of the events.

The language of Basques: ‘proud lone wolf’

There is an opinion that the most complicated language is the one that is hard in perception by its speakers. According to the consideration of neurophysiologists, the specialists who learn the peculiarities of the nerve system, the most difficult languages are Chinese and Arabian because even the representatives of these nationalities experience hardship during the learning. In the meantime, foreigners are sometimes bad at learning Russian language, by the way, Japanese feel the biggest hardship in it, and it is not surprising.

See also: Basques: Between France and Spain

However, if one puts enough efforts, he is able to learn everything, even the language of Basque. Is it really so difficult, you will ask? Certainly, as only 800 thousand people speak this dialect. In total, it has more than 35 thousand years because for the first time it had been implied by the ancient Greek geographer Strabon.

French and Spanish people who were not able to learn the language of Basques tried to raise a laugh against this dialect. Nevertheless, indeed, the citizens of region that is situated between the North of France and South of Spain succeeded in decoding their speech to such an extent that few people could understand them. The strangest thing is that for a long time linguists cannot refer Basque’s language to one category. It is the lonely language that does not have relatives. At least, the native speakers consider it like that and, perhaps, are proud of their own inaccessibility.Photo sciencemag.org

By the way, during the Second World War the secret-service agents immersed into the mystery of Basque language and used it so as not to let the enemy understand what they were speaking about. They wonderfully succeeded in it because human ear did not get used to such nuances.

For example, in Basque language there are only fifteen personal verbs that change forms for the past, present and future tenses. Apart from that, they differ because they have five grammatical persons in singular form and three grammatical persons in plural form. Other verbs resemble sloth as they are limited by only three forms, particularly, conjunctives, simple tense and conditionals that are used in all the occasions of life.

The languages of Indians: out of this world

50 thousand people represent the number of those who speak this mysterious language chippeva that is more known under the name odjibe. Even though nobody could be astonished in the Southern part of Canada and at the North of the USA, the scientists regard chippeva as one of the most complicated languages in the world.

It is easy to cool the ardor of those who decided to get into the language depth. Particularly, it is sufficient to say that language chippeva has five dialects that is why one needs to study five times more. Indeed, there are some nuances in Western, Northern, and Eastern dialects as well as Minnesota and Ottawa variants of language. However, you have to be assured that they will understand you clearly at any dialects like Americans grasp in a single flash British American language.

The picturesque dialect is stunning for those you have read in the childhood the exciting stories about Indian tribes. Perhaps, the representatives of the union of Indian tribes that has existed since XVIII century used this dialect to speak. The truculent and unpredictable, Indians called their brotherhood as ‘Three fire union’ while they used the language chippeva for bigger solidarity. It could become an excellent match for secret meetings, worshipping deity Kichichi-Manito as well as while conducting Shamanic rituals and dances with the drum.

The disconnectedness of the chippeva language is explained by the fact that the representatives of Indian tribes led negotiations with the supreme forces, communicated with the spirits while for the spirit-rapping they need too exotic language.Photo gif.cmtt.space

One mor Indian language haida is putting a lot of efforts to withstand English that tries to force it out of the lands of Canada. The representatives of this nationality believed in immortal soul that lives in the body of the human, in a skin of animals, in guises of trees and grass. They brought an effect of benevolence to the animals as it was considered that the generation is protected by some animal, and it wants to be worshipped so as to avoid the trouble. The various hunting cults and rituals of Shamans required prolific communication with the supreme forces that is why their language haida is not simple. Being filled with various metaphoric collocations, it had a lot in common with the mythology of Indians.

Unfortunately, now this language is at the edge of extinction, and scientists-linguists are searching for its last speakers not to let the haida become long gone.

Cover photo press.lv

It will be interesting:
Kabuki: thorny path of flower
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips.
Kazakhstan Jewelry
Famous Kazakh proverb says: “Art of a craftsman can only be told in gold and silver”. Nevertheless, no matter how skillful hands of a creator are, in order to make a truly worthy thing it takes hard work, obstinacy, and, sure enough, courage to make a claim about yourself and about your talent.
Mehndi – instead of a thousand tattoos
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
Vivid dance. Polka
In this cheerful and mischievous dance, the all Europe and America are spinning, modestly adding to their word "polka" their geographical location. For example, there are Finnish, Andijon or even Mexican kinds of dance. It is with this choreography that the children begin, they consider it to be the "upper class", which only the hardy dancers with a strong vestibular apparatus can do.
Tea empire of the world
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.
Underground Brilliance of the Empire: Budapest Metro
After having spent merely an hour for a flight from Kyiv, I suddenly realized I reached the city where continental Europe’s oldest subway is situated. And things that Budapest underground is famous for are not limited to this. OUTLOOK sets on a trip around metropolitan of one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Want to go down?
Boat instead of shopping basket: Famous floating markets
Stores, shopping malls, markets - all these places are an integral part of daily goings-on of almost every person on our planet. It would seem there is nothing special about them: they are all alike, just goods and prices vary depending on country or city. In fact, it is not quite true since some markets are only accessible via waterways. Our today’s story is about them.
Lost island of Yap. The land of big money
How can you understand the nature of finance, if there is no desire to go deep into the jungle of science? It is better to see once, than to read a hundred times: a trip to the island of Yap in Micronesia replaces the entire university course of monetary theory. Yap roads are lined up with giant doughnut-shaped, carved disks the size of a millstone - rampant inflation has made the world biggest money into fun for tourists.
Ecuador: To be an indian
Our journalist came back from Ecuador with unique experience and we share it with you. For the first time I was suspected of drug trafficking. Alone, in the country where there is no Ukrainian Embassy, I was standing and feverishly figuring out if someone could plant something on me on the way to the airport.
Oriental makeup as a tradition: Seductive and languishing look
The well-known saying goes: east is a delicate matter. All-in-all, it is true as evidenced even by details. Due to specific climate, eastern women have similar type of appearance, and their nations are united by close cultures. Therefore, they prefer the same beauty standards. Women are supposed to be modest, to dress so as to completely or almost completely conceal figure.
Let's play Chuko Bones
Shagai, chükö, asyk, ashyk, oshuq... This game has many names and one great love for it unities a lot of generation in Central Asia. According to old legends, Nasreddin Hodja loved to play it. Sultans and merchants, ordinary people and children played it. For the youngest, it was a popular entertainment until the end of the last century, while new technologies did not supplant yard games.
OUTLOOK: for the Day of Independence of Ukraine...
Today in honor of Independence Day of Ukraine OUTLOOK prepared interesting stories about sites that are in UNESCO world heritage list ! We want not only to see beauty of foreign cultures and places of interest but also to pay attention on Ukrainian ones!!!
Thailand handcraft: From silk to pearls
Have you ever thought how many grains of history are stored in each item sold at little booths in Thailand? Yet, strolling along those souvenir stalls you are browsing craft records of the whole nation, briefly looking through notes survived from a thousand years ago to the present day. Some pages have thinned to transparency, but marks did preserve their former accuracy.
Handicraft: persian carpets
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Bajau: Seafarers of Southeast Asia
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau - nomadic seafarers who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
Gastronomic tourism: Through food to culture
You should not condescendingly treat gastrotours as a newfangled invention. Gastronomic tourism is one of the aspects of world science. Her star, American scientist Eric Wolf, who in 2001 founded the International Association of Gastronomic Tourism, states: food is the quintessence of the nation, its mentality, character and, of course, history ...
Colorful continent. Beautiful tribes of Africa
Daily life of African tribes may seem bizarre even for the natives of the continent. Only nature and curious travellers dare to met face to face with distinctive local atmosphere and unusual life of ethnic groups residing outside metropolis.
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Nihongami: Topknot as a aign of status
Nihongami is a certain way to arrange hair in Japanese tradition. Interestingly, in the Land of the Rising Sun hairdos were legally controlled and served as some sort of dress code for ladies of different social statuses and classes. Therefore, each class had strictly determined corresponding outfit and hairstyle and those laws are still obeyed by geishas and their apprentices.
Close
Outlook facebook page