Profession of a chimney-sweep has recently entered the list of the most rear occupations in the world. And as far back as some hundred years ago almost every European citizen was able to tell a lot of interesting things about these guys doomed to be covered in smear. We didn’t invent a time machine but we managed to get some facts about representatives of this vanishing trade.
First thing that comes to mind on hearing “chimney-sweep” is a dirty-faced lanky man… in a plug. Seemingly, it is a sheer absurd when people doing really dirty job wear aristocratic headwear.
Truth be told, it isn’t that funny. There are two sound versions of how the bulky hat appeared on chimney-sweeps heads. First is a practical one: many handy instruments can be put to a pot. Besides, working with chimneys, there is always a risk to get a brick in one’s head. In this case a plug served as a modern hard hat. The second hypothesis is, on the contrary, very romantic. British chimney-sweeps confidently refer to non-existing law allegedly signed by the king himself. According to arguments of the craftsmen, it was the monarch who recognized significance and honor of their profession and therefore ordered them to wear plugs, as noble men did.Photo birdinflight.com
Chimney-sweeps on the whole paid much attention to their outfits (you bet, they’re oblige due to their occupation). Mandatory attribute of their dress was the presence of thirteen buttons, they were believed to scare off the bad luck. It was customary to touch buttons of dirty-faced professionals when one met them in the street.
Besides, it was always believed to be a good omen to distinguish a chimney-sweep in the crowd. In Europe in New Year days there was a wide-spread oddish tradition: expert in chimney cleaning used to walk along the street caring a living pig. People used to pay a symbolic amount to make a wish. After that a person would tear a hair out of the animal’s spine.Photo birdinflight.com
Work of chimney-sweeps was valued not only in good old Europe but also in the USSR. In Tallinn, for instance, there was even their union. And the headquarters was picked by no accident. It is a well-known fact that in Baltic countries there are as many chimneys as nowhere else. In Riga, for instance, people are so proud of their gentlemen in plugs that there is a bronze monument in their honor beautifying Skolas street.
When in 1960s coal heating was replaced with gas, chimney sweeps were no longer that necessary, naturally, their number decreased drastically. Nevertheless, there are places where one can still meet these dirty-faced aristocrats.Photo pinterest.com
In Italian city of Santa Maria Maggiore international meetings of stovepipe workers called “Spazzacamini” re held. In British Rochester, at the same time, they participate in widely merry theatrical performance. And if you believe in a sign that after you meet one craftsman luck will stick with you, you can only imagine how much luck thousands gathered chimney-sweeps will bring.
The first thing every tourist shall learn in a country is a transport system. Very often it seems to be complicated and confusing, and it takes weeks or even months to make head or tail of it. OUTLOOK reader Natalia Usenko visited Japan and is sharing her impressions about the most comfortable and safest transport in the world.
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning,...
Next ‘character’ of our cycle about symbolic means of public transport is yellow cab of New York. It is impossible to imagine the Big Apple and especially its centre, Manhattan, without those bright and incredibly handy cars. Seemingly, there are more “checkers” than people.
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
For better or worse, travelling to distant planets and stars exists only on the pages of science fiction and in Hollywood film industry. Although the possibility of space tourism crept close, yet, Jupiter and Saturn are still way not close. Nevertheless, from long ago there are special objects that seem to shrink the universe making it accessible. We are talking about planetariums and observatories.
Airports, railway and bus stations are almost always erected at a human whim, while ports and harbours are joint creation of homo sapiens and nature. In this article OUTLOOK presents you the most beautiful port destinations with their own unique character worth exploring.
All of us, one way or another, strive for freedom, personal or national, material or spiritual, which is illusory and unachievable, and at the same time very real in terms of our ideas about it. An alternative village of Christiania in the centre of the Danish capital is another attempt to achieve complete freedom from the laws of the material world.
For sailors to round Cape Horn situated in the very South of Argentina is a success that equals to Everest ascent for alpinists. Rush under sails around “sailor’s graveyard” defying gigantesque waves and hurricane wind turned out a success for the first time on January, 29, 1616.
A few centuries ago sea transport was not just the most popular, but the only way to get from point A to point B. However, as you know, force majeure occur on any roads, even on water routs, and through a long history of mankind many ships did not manage to reach their destination ports and ended underwater. Nevertheless, the relative "reservation" allows wreck vessels to live a second life as a museum.
In already distant year 1920 authorities of the United States adopted a surprising regulation: prohibition to.... send children by mail. Such a decision may seem weird in 21st century however almost a hundred years ago it was treated with understanding which means that there were caring parents who did send their kids in packages... We talk about amusing accidents that occur in work of post services.
It is an open secret that this world is full of paradoxes. OUTLOOK, in its turn, tries to figure them out therefore today we’ll tell about armed forces of the world’s most militarized state that, however, hasn’t been at war with anyone for over two centuries. Our feature is about the army of Switzerland.
OUTLOOK cannot imagine life without travelling. However, tickets, schedules, tardiness – all those things can spoil any trip. Therefore it is great to have either at home or in you garage a kind of transport that can allow you to see and to experience something new and forget all the problems.
When touring this small-sized but very exciting country through the length and breadth, our OUTLOOK team selected unusual facts about it. We bet you did not know that familiar to us "at" sign @ in the Hebrew is called "strudel"? It is. Keep on reading and we'll tell you more interesting things most of which you have never suspected!
Second part of the saying “Repair your cart in December, in July your sledge remember” is hardly topical for inhabitants of one of Portugal regions. Why wait for snow if they slide perfectly on asphalt. It is this as well as other kinds of transport – from low-cost public to exclusive and luxury– that we are going to tell you about today.
The best way to escape reality and relieve stress is a cinema trip. For traditional reasons one of must-do conditions of such pastime is popcorn chewing. Title sequence and opening credits appear on the dark screen; some people have cozily settled in soft chairs and stay in entranced anticipation of a new film.
Grinding away at their books to master basics of algebra and geometry, or memorizing years of monarchs’ reign skimming history textbooks is commonplace for schoolchildren all over the world while getting ready for a test in cybersecurity or boasting to have “A”s in beekeeping is strange at the vey least. Hereafter we are going to touch upon these and other unusual classes taught in foreign schools.
All too often when bulbs in our apartments get burned out, we throw them away without a second thought: what’s the use of it now? But add a dab of imagination – and “properly made” hands can work miracles. If you have a child, then a burned out illumination tool may turn into a wonderful handmade toy...