RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Step over threshold: The magical art of the huichol

Step over threshold: The magical art of the huichol

Автор: 27.08.2020 | art, Mexico
Dazzling flashes of ancient knowledge manifested in colourful shimmering beads and in elaborated yarn mosaics by Huichol Indians, captivate the imagination calling for an endless journey through branches of the world tree. Spiritual images take on flesh in intricate ornaments that accompany a Mexican peasant throughout his life.

Twilight land of legends always have a shelter for a weary traveller: no one is alone on the paths of spirits.

Works by Huichol artists noticeably stand out against the abundance of souvenir production, filling stalls of Mexican markets at the height of tourist season. Juicy psychedelic tones break beyond the accurate lines of patterns strictly calibrated by tradition, blurring boundaries between dream and reality. The distinctive art and crafts of Huichol people do not follow requirements of modern satiated audience, remembering about its sacred mission to transfer messages of the subtle world.Photo 3.bp.blogspot.com

Each Indian artist also acts as a shaman, transferring to a mosaic his visions seen in an altered state of consciousness. To dive into a trance, village sorcerers use the peyote cactus juice containing psychoactive substances. Disinhibition of subcortical structures of the primitive psyche opened up access to the direct perception of reality outside the individuality, space and time imposed by brain and socialization mechanisms. Finished products that are brought as a gift to the spirits-helpers, were used to decorate sanctuaries and huts. Keeping in contact with the transcendent experience, the Indians cultivated a sense of unity and harmony with the creative forces of the Cosmos. Invisible threads connecting everything into a single body, are depicted in the form of zigzag lines connecting diverse figures on the canvas.

The artistic tradition of the Huichol supports two related areas: nierika and chaguira. Creating nierika, craftsman shows miracles of patience while filling in surreal pictorial panel of dyed wool. The basis is a wooden tablet with a hole in the middle through which people and gods can see each other. A smooth surface of sanded and waxed wood is covered with a thin layer of beeswax into which threads of multicolour woollen yarn are pressed. A resulting complex fantasy picture has something in common with the Buddhist mandala. Iridescent play of colours radiates a powerful energy of primordial elements that feed the national ideal of invincible vitality and resilience in the face of trials.Photo img-fotki.yandex.ru

Chaguira genre involves decorating of masks, vessels and figurines with intricate mosaic ornaments. The waxed work pieces carved from wood and pumpkin are covered with beads and pendants. Some artisans prefer improvised material: seeds, grains, small pieces of stones and mineral crumbs.

See also: Art of topiary

According to some anthropologists, Huichol mythology most reliably reflects perception of environment of the Aztecs. Missionaries were in no hurry to carry the Good News to remote villages, lost among the harsh peaks of the Sierra Madre. The geographic isolation of indigenous communities safeguarded original system of occult symbols from the Christian impact, compensating the scarcity of available tools for visualization of vast metaphysical landscape. Every detail is imbued with secret meaning, and the selected colours and materials translate certain energies. Here it is not just a fun souvenir, but a real magical artefact!Photo volshebnaya-strana.com.ua

It is not difficult to guess the meaning of cool blue and green tones in the colourful palette of magic - cool breath of the long-awaited rain ripples down the palms. Brownish-red shades and wood belong to the god of fire Tatewari. Skull, frozen in a happy grin, promises to meet with the goddess Coatlicue, ruling over death and birth. Father Sun more willingly responds to requests, inscribed on the tablets made from the Brazil tree, which are delivered to him by his faithful companions - the royal eagles and macaws. Pine tree, a coyote, and a whirlwind, sooner or later, attract the mischievous god deer Kauyumari - the ancestor of all the Huichol. The thickets of banyan hide the ancestor of gods Nacawé surrounded by bears and armadillos. From village to village, wander stories about ritual hunting in reserve of Virikuta and about creation of the universe in a love embrace of the Sun and the Moon. Some images preserve echoes of more ancient times: for instance, the cult of the goddess butterfly Itzpapalotl is a legacy of the Aztecs, and jaguars are borrowed from the Mayas.Photo i.ytimg.com

Puzzling composition of nierika and chaguira deliberately gives an outsider the run around, showing hundreds of masks of the same archetype, although the concept of product almost always comes down to the alchemical cycle of holy trinity of corn cob, deer and peyote. Indians’ logic is clear: corn is the material basis of life, peyote symbolizes a spiritual reality, and deer has a right of the god creator and the ability to move between worlds, linking the opposites together. The tension between two poles creates life.Photo permaculturesayulita.com

Leading Mexican designers often turn to folk motives in search of the unique decoration ideas. Donna Emeterio Rios Martinez creates magnificent murals of yarn, make up for the lack of heart warmth in the urban area. A Huichol bead mural decorates a hall of metro station Palais Royal-Musee de Louvre in Paris: it is a huge canvas-nierika Huichol Thought and Soul mounted from eighty panels - a gift from colleagues from Mexico City Metro. Perhaps, the most unusual work done in the Huichol folk style is an art object Vochol - a car Volkswagen Beetle, braided by fabulous flowers from beads, fastened to the body of the car using a special heat-resistant resin.Photo skullsproject.files.wordpress.com

Cover photo shamanism.com

Вам это будет интересно:
METRO beauty
Residents of big cities almost daily use the subway as a transport means. Alas, in the rapid pace of modern life a few people can afford to enjoy the design of these transit hubs. OUTLOOK is not able to stop time, but allow us to highlight fifteen of the most mesmerizing underground subway station from all around the world.
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Houses that they build…Unusual houses
Treehouses, dug-outs and secret shelters – all the things we used to build when children. Unfortunately, as we grow older, fantasy fades and most of us now live in uncomfortable grey “boxes”. However, there are people who have created dwellings of their dreams by themselves.
Mould your hobby. History of pottery
In a local history museum in every country you visit, you will certainly notice similar archaeological finds - fragments of clay products. Pottery, born millennia ago, but “living” even today, can rightfully be considered one of the most tenacious one. The uniqueness of clay was noticed by our distant ancestors who lived in caves ...
Rice canvas. Tambo Art
The Japanese are very creative people, especially when it comes to rice. If they have some extra spare time and large spacious rice paddies, then routine process of growing an agricultural crop turns into art...
Street art: From the French revolutionaries to Banksy
Nowadays the word "art" is sparkling and strikes the eye wherever you cast a look. Alas, if applied to ordinary canteen with dirty tables and flies, the place will not become a pleasant public catering with creative design. Yet, when it comes to genuine art, one should call things by their names, so we immerse into concrete jungle of mega-cities to enjoy one of the areas of street-art known as stencil art.
Glass Handmade
Exclusive glass vases and Christmas tree decorations that only exist in one or two samples, aside from high price, most often also have in common unique production technology that is mastered by representatives of a rare profession – glass-blower. The history of the craft has lasted for a couple of millennia with some old secrets of handmade production still kept under seal.
Art of Tattoo: Mesmerizing Magic of On-body Drawings
Coin jar of history of this art accounts for about 6 thousand years. Notably, this currently popular trade owes its emergence to happenstance... A prehistoric man once noticed that after any natural colorant had gotten into a place of a burn or a cut, very lasting drawings stayed on skin.
Flowers in Ukrainian Style. Kateryna Bilokur
Today marks 120 years since the birth of the famous Ukrainian artist - Kateryna Bilokur. Her talent has been recognized in her lifetime, her work has been admired by Pablo Picasso, and nowadays her paintings are exhibited in museums, and Google dedicates its doodle to her. And it all started in totalitarian times...
Kamasan: Village of masterpieces in Bali
Bali is one of the most popular places to spend winter. Ocean, volcanoes, amazing nature and exotic fruits... But there is also one more reason that not many people know of, yet it definitely deserves attention: Kamasan, a unique art village where namesake Balinese picture art was conceived – as ancient as the island itself. We are going to tell about it today on the pages of the OUTLOOK.
Handicraft: persian carpets
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.
Mehndi – instead of a thousand tattoos
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
Pablo Picasso: Poet for his era
About Picasso as a distinctive artist, graphic artist and sculptor, we know to some extent everything. Meanwhile, his other incarnations are pushed into the background. Ilya Ehrenburgh once very concisely described Pablo Picasso’s relations with his era: “20th century found in him its own dynamite expert, its own philosopher and its own poet”.
White gold of Tianxia. Chinese porcelain
The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
On the Move. Street food from around the world
Experienced tourists believe that one of the best sure-fire ways to quickly tune into the beat of another culture is to try local food. In order not to be at a loss when choosing dishes and save precious time for spiritual food, Outlook gives you selective advice on street gastronomy from seven spots of the globe.
Rice fields: Grains of unbelievable beauty
- Do you want to try some rice? - such a question is greeted by guests in China. And if the owners are also farmers, they can invite you on an unusual excursion and show you the masterpiece of natural art. The grass which we often eat without thinking about its aesthetics, at the time of growing resembles a blanket woven from multi-colored rags ...
Bregenz. To the Theatre in a Tuxedo And on a Catamaran
Especially for those who believe theatre and opera music to be vestige of the past, we tell about an amazing Austrian theatre where traditional art meets technical and engineering novelties and also a great view of the Alps.
Grab your sun umbrella and cocktail: The most amazing beaches of the world
With the onset of summer, many of us ever and again cast a glance at the calendar, waiting for annual leave. And since summer vacation to a greater extent is linked to the relaxation by the water, we usually associate it with beaches – desirable destinations that can be very different.
The Sistine Chapel Illusions
More than fifteen hundred years ago Romans were awe struck when they caught the very first sight of the Sistine Chapel. After that masters of painting were born and dead as well as whole pictural art styles. And contemporaries of you and me gape on the distinguished temple.
All the big things start with the small ones: Art-projects of enthusiasts
Many places, famous around the globe today, were created by a bunch of enthusiasts without money or outside help. These people lived for their ideas and were doing everything to turn them into reality. Official date of street art appearance is believed to be year 1942, fervor of World War II.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page