RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Handicraft: persian carpets

Handicraft: persian carpets

Автор: 16.11.2020 | art, traditions, Iran
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.

One hundred twenty-two meters long and thirty meters wide, it weighed several tons. The most amazing was its pattern: land on it was embroidered in gold threads, water was imitated with transparent precious stones, coloured gems gave the illusion of flowers and fruit on the wondrous trees. The legend has it, that when this culmination of artistic magnificence was spread out, the chamber got full of a spring breeze with its delightful aroma of flowers and joy. However, in the middle of the seventh century, the Arabs invaded Persia. The carpet was cut into small fragments and taken by the Arabs from capital of the Sasanian Empire.GettyImages-828983718.jpgPhoto odysseytraveller.com

The rich decor of oriental carpets still provokes delight and fascination. Sometimes it is impossible to take eyes from their florid ornamentation performed with remarkable precision of miniature. Nevertheless, Persian carpets are not only art, but also a deep symbolism which contains information about a bygone era, cults, stories of entire nations. They were also amulets that protect their owners from evil eye and wicked tongue. Among the most popular motifs of ancient Iranian carpets are fish, birds, animals, flowers and the tree of life. The latter was regarded as a sign of fertility, protecting oasis.Oriental-Rugs-Sales-Rug-Store.jpgPhoto bidabadi.com

The majority of Persian carpets has a central flower. Its value is interpreted differently: God's all-seeing eye, lotus, mirroring pattern covering the inside dome of the mosque. If there is such a medallion, all other ornamental details are grouped around it.Photo news.tourshow.ru

Woven handmade masterpieces are in high esteem for their quality, comfort and beauty. The average cost per square meter of woollen goods is about five hundred dollars, for silk pieces it is two thousand. If the carpet is old and even a centenarian, or made so skilfully that there is no equal, its price can grow up to six - ten thousand dollars per square meter.

While in the territory of modern Iran operate many factories where production of the thread grandeur rolls off the production line, true connoisseurs are looking for handmade works only. Tying together bundles and thus twining intricate pattern, a master puts part of his soul into this work, sometimes spending up to five years of his life per item.DSC_96931.jpgPhoto oakslandtravel.com

First, master pulls threads tightly on the frame; then, as if mending holes, let them horizontally. So he gets a kilim, a basis of future product. Then the magic begins. Skilful hands entwine every two strands row by row, tying knots. Their type depends on the region of carpet weaving, local traditions and preferences of the author. The wefts are constantly packed down by comb-like instrument with long teeth, thus gripping and thickening pattern. After every seven - ten centimetres a carpet is neatly trimmed leaving a pile of desired length. The thicker the carpet is, the higher is its value. Sometimes, the number of knots in woollen carpets reaches one million per square meter. Even more in the silk works.Farben und Muster 2 Perser.jpg
Photo naintrading.co.uk

At the same time, not cheap can be relatively simple carpets created by nomads using elementary weaver loom. They weave pattern from memory, use a coarse wool, and the density of their creation does not exceed one hundred thousand knots per square meter. However, in this case, highly valued is observance of traditions and art handed down by parents to their offspring.

The oldest in the world Persian carpet is now more than two and a half thousand years. It was found in one of the mounds in the Altai Mountains, where it was well preserved due to low temperatures. The finding was recognized as a sensation, because it became clear that after all this time, the technology of the eastern carpet making remained unchanged.14699997479_6dc0ce6edb_b.jpg
Photo flickr.com

Another legendary woven representative of a kind in Iran is mentioned in the Guinness Book of Records. The biggest carpet, woven by hand, now adorns the floor of one of the mosques in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. It is one hundred and thirty meters long, and almost fifty meters wide. This woven miracle weighs forty-eight tons. More than a thousand Iranian craftswomen had been working at it for two years. This magnificent carpet was brought to Abu Dhabi by two aircrafts. Its cost is about $ 6 million.Photo kylym.net

Cover photo theorientalrugshop.co.uk

Вам это будет интересно:
Azerbaijan inside out: Engagement
We continue to publish the stories of Ukrainian women with Azerbaijani blood Sabina Safarova about the amazing culture of Azerbaijan. The girl continues her author's blog and today offers to learn the subtleties of such an interesting tradition as engagement.
Azerbaijan inside out: Small and big matchmaking
A Ukrainian woman with Azerbaijani blood Sabina Safarova respects her family roots and, being a member of the Union of Azerbaijani Youth in Ukraine, popularizes the culture of her country. Today, the story of a girl about one of the most interesting traditions of Azerbaijan - matchmaking, we are launching her author's blog, which will be filled with cognitive facts and subtleties of manners.
METRO beauty
Residents of big cities almost daily use the subway as a transport means. Alas, in the rapid pace of modern life a few people can afford to enjoy the design of these transit hubs. OUTLOOK is not able to stop time, but allow us to highlight fifteen of the most mesmerizing underground subway station from all around the world.
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Houses that they build…Unusual houses
Treehouses, dug-outs and secret shelters – all the things we used to build when children. Unfortunately, as we grow older, fantasy fades and most of us now live in uncomfortable grey “boxes”. However, there are people who have created dwellings of their dreams by themselves.
Mould your hobby. History of pottery
In a local history museum in every country you visit, you will certainly notice similar archaeological finds - fragments of clay products. Pottery, born millennia ago, but “living” even today, can rightfully be considered one of the most tenacious one. The uniqueness of clay was noticed by our distant ancestors who lived in caves ...
Rice canvas. Tambo Art
The Japanese are very creative people, especially when it comes to rice. If they have some extra spare time and large spacious rice paddies, then routine process of growing an agricultural crop turns into art...
Don’t break the tongue: The hardest languages in the world
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. OUTLOOK has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
Gastronomic tourism: Through food to culture
You should not condescendingly treat gastrotours as a newfangled invention. Gastronomic tourism is one of the aspects of world science. Her star, American scientist Eric Wolf, who in 2001 founded the International Association of Gastronomic Tourism, states: food is the quintessence of the nation, its mentality, character and, of course, history ...
Street art: From the French revolutionaries to Banksy
Nowadays the word "art" is sparkling and strikes the eye wherever you cast a look. Alas, if applied to ordinary canteen with dirty tables and flies, the place will not become a pleasant public catering with creative design. Yet, when it comes to genuine art, one should call things by their names, so we immerse into concrete jungle of mega-cities to enjoy one of the areas of street-art known as stencil art.
Eskimo igloo: It is easy as a pie to build castles in ...snow
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style
The New Year in Ukraine did not always start with a Christmas tree, and instead of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, guests were waiting fora minx girl - Malanka and motor-boy Vasyl accompanied by the retinue. All the follies were out of hand: the ridiculed riddles carried a sacred content, dictated by the logic of the myth of the duel of spring and winter.
Mulled wine: Yummy way to keep warm
Vitamins, development of resistance to cold, correct day regimen... That's all good and useful, especially when the winter weather swirls in, but sometimes we all have to pamper ourselves and at the same time to be protected against germs and colds. And the best way to do it is to sip some mulled wine.
Christmas Eve and What’s to Follow
Christmas arrives with a warm overjacket on its shoulders. At night it brings warm light of the first evening star and in the morning it wakes you up with shine of white but warm sun. If my great-grandmonther’s grandmother had been asked about her Christmas feelings, I believe, her words would have been identical to mine. Because together with a bowl of kutia,...
Glass Handmade
Exclusive glass vases and Christmas tree decorations that only exist in one or two samples, aside from high price, most often also have in common unique production technology that is mastered by representatives of a rare profession – glass-blower. The history of the craft has lasted for a couple of millennia with some old secrets of handmade production still kept under seal.
VIDEO: Glass from the Holy Town
Hebron is well known for being the city of 3 religions and 3 civilizations, a real place of power. Perhaps that is why by twist of fate there emerged glass which looks fragile, but is centuries old, the same as Hebron.
Art of Tattoo: Mesmerizing Magic of On-body Drawings
Coin jar of history of this art accounts for about 6 thousand years. Notably, this currently popular trade owes its emergence to happenstance... A prehistoric man once noticed that after any natural colorant had gotten into a place of a burn or a cut, very lasting drawings stayed on skin.
Flowers in Ukrainian Style. Kateryna Bilokur
Today marks 120 years since the birth of the famous Ukrainian artist - Kateryna Bilokur. Her talent has been recognized in her lifetime, her work has been admired by Pablo Picasso, and nowadays her paintings are exhibited in museums, and Google dedicates its doodle to her. And it all started in totalitarian times...
Kamasan: Village of masterpieces in Bali
Bali is one of the most popular places to spend winter. Ocean, volcanoes, amazing nature and exotic fruits... But there is also one more reason that not many people know of, yet it definitely deserves attention: Kamasan, a unique art village where namesake Balinese picture art was conceived – as ancient as the island itself. We are going to tell about it today on the pages of the OUTLOOK.
Mehndi – instead of a thousand tattoos
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page