RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Visit  >  Tea empire of the world

Tea empire of the world

Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.

This term was born largely by analogy with the world main countries in the political context. Therefore, if the political Big Seven, in one way or another, solves global problems of all of us, the Tea Seven is focused only on tea business. For you to know biggest tea producing countries in the world, today we would like to tell our readers about the them, since it is not only useful information, but good topic of conversation over a cup of tea.

China

The Chinese fiercely argue with the Indians, who exactly invented it to brew fragrant leaves for enjoying so nice beverage as tea. However, most of independent experts from these countries tend to give trophy to the Heavenly Empire, they claim it to be a Homeland of the drink, so we start with China. Tea cultivation tradition in this country is as old as 5000 years. Over the centuries, they managed to breed about 8 thousand varieties of the drink, among which there are the world most popular and sought after. Endless fields of tea plant spans across western and eastern districts of the Yangtze province, although, in general, this business is carried out in almost all parts of China. Foreign tourists visit the plantations as another attraction, and since many of fields are protected objects, admission is not free. It is not surprising that the state earns money on a tea both abroad and in the domestic market, the turnover in this sector amounts to tens of billions of dollars.ChinaSpringPicking.jpg
Photo freshcup.com

India

India is the second tea giant of our planet. Only officially more than 3 million people work in this business, and because it is no secret that the shadow economy in India is booming, so, in fact, there are probably 10 million people engaged. If you think about it, this number is roughly equal to the population of some European countries... In total in India there are about thirteen thousand plantations, the most revered of them have given the names and certain types of tea: Assam, Darjeeling, Nilgiris. Professional tea manufacturers say that while in terms of volume of Indian will not overtake China, Indian tea is more refined thanks to the climate, which is milder because most of tea herb is planted in the high mountain valleys, where the constant humidity prevails.India-GettyImages-504889934.jpgPhoto telegraph.co.uk

Japan

Almost all green tea, which is sold in shops and supermarkets of our planet, comes from Japan. Local tea growing farmers and the state at certain time realized that they cannot keep up with China and India, so they decided to focus specifically on green variety of tea, and this approach gave its results. Luxury and expensive varieties such as gyokuro bring a decent income to the country. The unofficial capital of the Japanese tea industry is a neighbourhood of the ancient city of Kyoto: in its valleys they grow leaves planted by ancient Buddhist monks.Photo tourisminchina.ru

Kenya

An African country at Asian tea party, Kenya might surprise on our list of biggest tea producing countries in the world. The local plantations were mostly laid by the British in the 20th century. They have chosen fields in the vicinity of Victoria Lake and the Great Rift Valley. Due to the hot African climate, local farmers harvest tea every 17-20 days, which allows Kenya to be one of the market leaders. The main product from here is very strong black tea, which is rarely consumed in its pure form, it is often used for blends. The mail target market for the Kenyan beverage is Eastern Europe.5367334314_c107c3d846_b-1.jpgPhoto cgiar.org

Sri Lanka

The history of the high-developed tea farming in this country is rather dramatic, because until the end of the 19th century here, more specifically in Ceylon, they grew coffee only, but unprecedented "raid" of insects in 1870 almost at one time killed the entire crop. Desperate, the locals did not know what to do until the botanical garden director James Taylor came up with an idea to cultivate tea. This decision proved to be destiny, and today Sri Lanka holds an honourable third place in the beverage turnover, supplying to the market about 300 thousand tons of products. Among all the varieties, a golden sheen Nuwara Eliya occupies the special place.tea-plantation-sri-lanka-estate-GettyImages-1125499018.jpgPhoto foreignpolicy.com

Taiwan

Local tea experts insist that they practically have nothing in common with the Chinese tea industry, because they grow tea plant according to their own technology, which is only 300 years old. Yet, plants got there from China, the fact remains in history in spite of all the relationship between two countries, the fact is unchangeable. In the global context, the most famous teas from Taiwan are red ones, among which the most elite and expensive is Formosa Great Oolong. The main production centres are located in the north of the country.maxresdefault.jpgPhoto youtube.com

Indonesia

The last country in our collections, and, accordingly, in the "Big Seven". Tea seedlings appeared in Indonesia owing to a European native: Dutch trader John Jacobson brought here Chinese patterns in the 19th century, despite the fact that several centuries before the locals had failed to establish tea production. Thanks to his enthusiasm and advanced technology, Jacobson became not only a pioneer in tea production, but also set a good example for the Indonesians who learned to grow a great tea from the second attempt. It is noteworthy that black tea goes for export, while local residents prefer green tea. Today Jakarta tea auction is the main platform for the sale of drink and discussion of industry trends.woman-farmer-tea.jpgPhoto blog.plantwise.org

Extra: Thailand

Repeatedly winning the World Tea Festivals, Thailand has established itself as a fairly competitive supplier of this flavored drink. Did you hear about Bubble-tee, Matchа and Oolong? Together with small tea shops, all of them represent the tea culture of the country.Top-tea-plantations-in-Thailand-Tea-has-changed-the-hill-tribes-life-and-101-Tea-Plantation-is-part-of-the-movement.jpgPhoto takemetour.com

Cover photo medium.com

It will be interesting:
Jakarta – Victorious and Great: Symbols of liberty
Indonesia is a huge country, fourth on the planet it terms of population and 12th in terms of territory. And its magnificent Jakarta is one of the most ancient and most interesting capitals of the world. However it hasn’t always been majestic and independent, not at all… Taking into account complicated Indonesian way to aspired freedom, we felt like exploring those very landmarks of the Victorious and Great (that’s hjow the name translates from Indonesian) that have become symbols of this achievement.
Kalash: Amazing people in the mountains of Pakistan
While watching Discovery or other popular science shows it seems that our planet has been explored and examined length and breadth long ago. However some phenomena that we come across in our lives literally knock us down. Like, for instance, the fact that in Hindu Kush Mountains mysterious and blonde Kalash people live in isolation and surrounded with Islamic states; and even modern science is unable to solve the riddle of its origins.
Ghetto of the World: Chinese Scope in San-Francisco
We continue our series of features about national ghettos. Today OUTLOOK tells you about the largest ethnical enclave of the city of San Francisco in the USA – about local Chinatown.
Workshop on Cooking Varenyky Dumplings for the Ambassador's Spouses Club from the Outlook Project And Culinary Expert Ievgen Klopotenko
On the initiative of the Ambassador's Spouses Club, Outlook Project organized a culinary workshop on shaping varenyky dumplings from a Ukrainian chef and co-owner of 100 Years Back in Future Ievgen Klopotenko.
Las Jornadas del Olivar y el Aceite: vegetative oysters feast
Lovers of olives and olive oil mark small town of Baena on the map of Spain with the red pen. Annually from November 9 till November 11 it becomes the place where gastronomists from all over the world gather. Various events, background information and plenty of diverse delicacies are awaiting those who dare crack the stone of wonder-fruit.
VIDEO: Glass from the Holy Town
Hebron is well known for being the city of 3 [three] religions and 3 [three] civilizations, a real place of power. Perhaps that is why by twist of fate there emerged glass which looks fragile, but is centuries old, the same as Hebron.
History clatters on stone blocks of the Netherlands
It is customary to measure legs of life in pairs of worn out shoes. You tread on to discover new and glance at ancient things. And when leather shoes begin to gaze your feet, you can't help but recall huge wooden clogs that you happened to find behind your great grandmother's oven in Poltava. It is as if Ms. Holland herself salutes you, because... Is there really a person who hasn't heard about Dutch klompen?
Kabuki: thorny path of flower
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips. The word kabuki is sometimes translated as "the art of singing and dancing". Why not an operetta? The essence of performance is not confined to musical presentation only...
Kazakhstan Jewelry
Famous Kazakh proverb says: “Art of a craftsman can only be told in gold and silver”. Nevertheless, no matter how skillful hands of a creator are, in order to make a truly worthy thing it takes hard work, obstinacy, and, sure enough, courage to make a claim about yourself and about your talent.
Nairobi: Now I have seen everything
Unique nature, the main tectonic fault of our planet, flamingos, giraffes and cheetahs at arm's length - all this and much more in our new article about the Kenyan capital city of Nairobi and its environs.
Mehndi – instead of a thousand tattoos
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
Sri Lanka: a lost world from the depths of centuries
If you are in Sri Lanka and do not know how to compose your tourist route, we suggest you to see the sights that UNESCO has included in the list of World Heritage Sites! There are eight of them on the island, in particular, giant Buddhist mausoleums, flying brick towers, temples with sacred relics and ancient cities!
Vivid dance. Polka
In this cheerful and mischievous dance, the all Europe and America are spinning, modestly adding to their word "polka" their geographical location. For example, there are Finnish, Andijon or even Mexican kinds of dance. It is with this choreography that the children begin, they consider it to be the "upper class", which only the hardy dancers with a strong vestibular apparatus can do.
ZooAsia: Crocodiles, hippos and green parrot
One of the greatest pleasures, except for the non-stop contemplation of burning fire, flowing water and working people, is to monitor life and behaviour of animals. And at this point all your dreams are reduced to simple intention to touch someone soft and understand language translation of which is not found in any dictionary.
Kintsugi. Japanese art of restoration
The Japanese are one of those peoples who zealously respect the ancient traditions. They respect old age, being interested in ancestors and often know the family ancestry by heart. With such a worldview, it is not surprising that a unique technique for the restoration of kintsugi appeared exactly there. Read about it in OUTLOOK.
If you have 10 dollars and you are in Nairobi
Today we are going on vacation in Kenya style! Let’s watch out for thieves, bargain at local markets, taste fantastic tea and get wrapped up into colourful African textiles. We will find out which places are not available for a modest budget, and without any worries, will cheer up admiring fantastic sunset on the coast of the Indian Ocean.
Interesting not only in city centers. Residential districts of the world
There are hardly many travelers who would go somewhere further than city centre where their hotel is situated when on a short-term journey. And if location is a metropolis on top of everything else, such “outside” trips are sure to be put on hold till better occasions.
Boat instead of shopping basket: Famous floating markets
Stores, shopping malls, markets - all these places are an integral part of daily goings-on of almost every person on our planet. It would seem there is nothing special about them: they are all alike, just goods and prices vary depending on country or city. In fact, it is not quite true since some markets are only accessible via waterways. Our today’s story is about them.
Lost island of Yap. The land of big money
How can you understand the nature of finance, if there is no desire to go deep into the jungle of science? It is better to see once, than to read a hundred times: a trip to the island of Yap in Micronesia replaces the entire university course of monetary theory. Yap roads are lined up with giant doughnut-shaped, carved disks the size of a millstone - rampant inflation has made the world biggest money into fun for tourists.
Ecuador: To be an indian
Our journalist came back from Ecuador with unique experience and we share it with you. For the first time I was suspected of drug trafficking. Alone, in the country where there is no Ukrainian Embassy, I was standing and feverishly figuring out if someone could plant something on me on the way to the airport.
Close
Outlook facebook page