RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Yodel - Music of the Austrian mountains

Yodel - Music of the Austrian mountains

Автор: 20.02.2018 | music, traditions, culture, Austria
Three years ago Austrian tour operatorslaunched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fansof singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place where Alpine herdsmen used to have unhurried musical conversations with their flocks.

Herdsmen’s roll calls

Yodel singing emerged as a means of communication of human with nature. Austrian folk songs tunedby shepherds on their way to work, a special voice signalheard by animal strayed from the flock... that is howyodel was born.

Poetic stanzas in yodelling composed with words that mean nothing, but attractive by simplicity of thephraseslike "yodaro", "yohodraiho", "yoladatiyo".Singing with repeated changes in pitch from the chest register to the head register with a crazy speed,is so quick that you do not have time to write notesdown. It is calledyodeldue tosound "yo" and isrepeated in various manner as often as possible.Photo alphornmusik.ch

What made that sound so popular among the Austrians? First, it came to taste to the Alpine herdsmen who used to arrange evening roll call with each other, as ifinquiring "Is everyone safe and sound? Doesanyone need some help?".If you take into account the fact that in those days robber gangs were active in the mountains, powerful voice was an indispensable way to call for help. It is amazing how comprehensive is singing of onesingle sound, when the voice of a strong, hardy person superseded all other tools and devices familiar to us such as mobile phones.

With regard to today's traditions, people spending days in Austria and having desire to tune into the beat of unfamiliar culture, usually sing yodel where there is an echo. Musicians sometimes resort to accompaniment by collecting the notes one after another - no, not in the meadow, but in the instrument "zither" producing sound similar to waterstreams coming down the mountain.Photo ds.reactor.cc

Almer - Austria-style yodelling

Yodel is sung in the vast ofSwitzerland and southern Bavaria,however, it is the Austrian version of the song which is characterized by sharp melodic passages combined with the gentle lilts. The most famous music of contrasts was namedalmer in Upper Austria.

This kind of folk music once fascinated representative of the "Vienna School", the composer Ludwig van Beethoven who composed several works based on yodelling.

According to folklorist Josef Pommer, who lived in the early 20thcentury, more than 444 types of yodelwere known in Austrian villages. Many years have passed since the researcher travelled to rural musicians studying features of folk singing, but evennowyodelfans can listen to it in the village choirs.

What type of yodelling is worthy of special attention? Probably the one in which the performer put moreefforts and was improvising disregarding time passing by. That was a record set by Austrian singer Roland Roskogler, who was performing one piece of music based yodelling for 14 hours and 37 minutes.

Видео: Oesch's die Dritten - Die Jodelsprache

Hidden envy and secret charm

Like all unusual trends,yodel sometimes faceslack of understanding and envy. Thus, mocking attitude to this musical tradition is common among the Britishwhonicknamed it "a cry for help from an Alpine goatherd who has trapped his hand in a barn door".

Nevertheless, music therapists from the Austrian city of Graz conducted a study and concluded that yodelling launches high jinks in the body, as endorphins come out. It turned out that yodel helps maintain health at the proper level the same as sport exercise. Since this original folk style is very popular in Austria, there are a lot of schools which teach to sing in accordance with yodelling rules.Photo permanenttourist.ch

The famous singer and singing trainer Herman Hyartelsaysthat "Yodelling in the Alps comes to life again, because it is the music of the mountains." After having felt unit with nature, no one wants to go back to the ignorant existence, so many yodelgurus tell about people who started to sing in this style and never quitted it.

However, the debates about the origin of this singing genre do not cease. The most famous trial, received worldwide publicity was about a song Das Kufsteinlied. The informal anthem of the historical region of Austrian Tyrol, in 1981 earned the reputation of the World Cultural Heritage and was named People's Songs of the World. Simple composition, in every way praising the town of Kufstein, was given a form of a musical work by Austrian postmanKarl Ganzerin 1947. This melody broke through into world history owing to the Bavarian yodeller Franzl Lang. As many as fifty years passedwhen the song was disputed by German music publisher EgonFrauenberger. He claimed that it was his idea to bring eccentric yodelling motives into a measured Austrian sounds, namely the descant "horlla-rü-di-ri, di-ri, di-ri". However, the court rejected the claim byFrauenberger, considering his contribution as too small.Photo picture-newsletter.com

How to sing yodel

People revised set of videos where performers sing songs in this style, might think that onehave to vibrate a voice. However, the Austrian professionals assure that leaping vibrato spoils desired effect. But breast sounds sharply passing on falsetto and arrangingleaps on wide intervals are just required.

Видео: Oesch's die Dritten - Jodeln ist cool

Main photo media.jungfrau.ch

Вам это будет интересно:
Mechoui: Heavy Treat
Destiny often hatches surprises and you can never know for sure what you’ll try at a festive table especially when travelling around Middle East countries.
Happiness moves in mysterious way: Places to make wishes in Latvia
Trip to Latvia breaks the chain of mundanity, awakes secret fantasies which usually remain dormant in the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Wandering between the centuries-old pine trees, fresh Baltic breeze languidly runs over strings in wait for off-beat adventure. Dreams do come true – you just need to know a right place to make a wish.
Video: Craft of Uzbekistan. Golden-stitched embroidery
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery that has long been considered the art of the nobility. We will tell you about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
What do they eat: Rome’s cuisine
OUTLOOK often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine...
Fado: Gentleness and deftness of Portuguese romances
Twelve-string guitar, the twilight of Portuguese nights, candles, and soul-gripping voice… Dramatic incentives of fado song tell about unrequited love. It cannot appear in the crossroads of destinies; however, it enables feelings to embody into the touching sounds of Portuguese romances.
The great curves: Friedensreich Hundertwasser
He made up his name to be one of a kind. Riot of his selfhood became the basis for enormous artistic heritage while architecture demonstrated the possibility to combine ecological compatibility with modern technologies.
Vyshyvanka Day 2020! Diplomats of foreign embassies support the celebration
For many years in a row, Ukrainians around the world, by wearing national costumes for work, for a walk around the city or just for photography, celebrate the Vyshyvanka Day. This year, the celebration took place on May 21 and was joined by representatives of foreign embassies accredited in Ukraine.
The state of contrasts. Haiti
The state of contrasts where beaches look like gardens of heaven while cities and villages resemble dumps; where over 80% of population are faithful Catholics who practice bloody cult of vodou at the same time; where absolute poverty on one hand and unthinkable luxury on the other feather in.
Tajik сombs of beauty
When Bahriddin’s mother was getting ready for work, she was assiduously arranging her hair around her tubeteika. It resulted in some sort of a crown. On holidays she plaited special adornments into her black hair with a tinge of blue. When she walked, they were tinkling slightly to create an aura of a dance. And in evenings little Bahriddin couldn’t fall asleep without holding her tight braid in his hands.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Everything on sale: Worlds's best markets and bazaars
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight.
Sacred animals of the Incas
Our "Peruvian cycle" is replenished with the story of the most revered animals in Peru. Being the link between the present and the past, they play an important role in the life of this nation. Wise ancestors of the modern Peruvians, the ancient Incas, were living in harmony with all life that surrounded them.
Serpent Charmers: How to make a snake dance?
Magic dance of a snake in time with flute’s melody often described in Eastern fairy tales and depicted in movies is no fiction but a true symbol of those countries. In Egypt, India, African countries and some other states slithering tribe are tamed to make a spectacular entertainment out of it. Profession of reptile charmers exists there; it is believed to be as nearly as the most amazing on Earth.
Hanging Out In Pakistan
OUTLOOK studied the brightest Pakistani holidays, because the saying goes for a reason: people live same way they hang out. An amazing game of history. Pakistan appeared on political map relatively short time ago yet one doesn’t have the heart to call it ‘young’ for it is inhabited with heirs of one of the most ancient civilization.
The way they dance
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
Twelve guises of South Korea
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
Crafts of Uzbekistan. Straw Items
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we tell you about art of straw work, about materials that craftsmen use and what secrets and unique features of this craft are. Feel the world with us!
Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
Forgotten art: Chinese ceremony in South Korea
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style
The New Year in Ukraine did not always start with a Christmas tree, and instead of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, guests were waiting fora minx girl - Malanka and motor-boy Vasyl accompanied by the retinue. All the follies were out of hand: the ridiculed riddles carried a sacred content, dictated by the logic of the myth of the duel of spring and winter.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page