RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style

Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style

Автор: 13.01.2021 | traditions, Ukraine
The New Year in Ukraine did not always start with a Christmas tree, and instead of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, guests were waiting fora minx girl - Malanka and motor-boy Vasyl accompanied by the retinue. All the follies were out of hand: the ridiculed riddles carried a sacred content, dictated by the logic of the myth of the duel of spring and winter.

Taking the side of the light forces, the agile peasants did not forget to profit from the universal battle.

By 1918, Ukrainians were celebrating the New Year by the Julian calendar. On December thirty-first, prayers were offered in the temples to the Saint Melania the Younger, and on January 1, the Orthodox world honored the memory of Archbishop Basil of Caesarea, one of the three Fathers of the Church. After the introduction of the Gregorian calendar, the holiday dates shifted fourteen days in advance. The birthday of Malanka fell on Generous evening, and Вasil's day turned into the Old New Year.

Сommon people, far from theological strife, honored Basil and Melania not in the ecclesiastical canons, but the grunts of priests passed by their ears. The images of the saints were mixed with the remnants of paganism: Basil took over the features of the solar gods, and Malanka identified with the goddess of the moon, who was in charge of family affairs and the sacrament of birth. It is no coincidence that in the villages under Generous evening children with hotels were sent to the midwifery, the girls were guessing at the grooms. The wedding on Malanka's day heralded peace and love for the newlyweds.5.JPGPhoto rukotvory.com.ua

Carnival walking during the winter solstice was common to all Indo-Europeans. In each village, a group of young unmarried men gathered together. The most lively guy was dressed as Malanka - they tied a sheet and an apron on top of the harem pants, whitened and blushed their faces, raised their eyebrows, and tied long hair with a coat of wool and a thong to the hat. The "Beauty Girl" was accompanied by a motley company: Grandpa and Grandma, Plowman, Gypsies, Goat, Bear, Bootlegger, Soldier and a whole plow of shrewd devils. The tall young man was assigned the role of Crane, and the youngest became a Cat and was begging for a feast.

Blushing with laughter, they hid funny wooden masks. Young people depicting animals dressed in fur pants and casing inside out, with a rag tail made of rags. Bears in Bukovyna had to wear huge straw wings, decorated with colored ribbons and necklaces, behind their backs. In the steppe regions where wood was scarce, the faces were painted with soot and white clay, and the goat's face was made of willow. A split at the leading edge meant horns wrapped with cloth and hung on the sides of a spoon-ear. The thin end of the branch was passed between the horns to let the hoop come out.kolyada-1024x768.jpgPhoto prm.ua

At the Malanka's girls company a mischievous and cheerful bride named Basil appeared, a smart and sharp-tongued girl dressed in a man's suit. Singers did not go to their homes: only men were allowed to cross the threshold of another's house on Generous Evening and Basil's day.

The youth, singing and dancing, wandered the streets, threw passers-by with snowballs, and arranged for neighbors to stumble. It was considered commonplace to lift the gate from the curtain or to fill the ashes on the threshold. The short daylight was associated with the rampant primordial chaos that engulfed the sun, so any tricks were allowed for the holidays. In a riot of elements, a new world order was born, but as long as the essence in its right, all rules are abolished, and between the worlds there is a gap through which foreign guests can penetrate.

The villagers were glad to enlist the support of the secret forces and were not indignant when Malanka ordered the oven and scattered kitchen utensils, and her companions were laying in the house a pandemonium. The devils grimaced and chased after children. The gypsy was guessing at the cards, the Bear roared and danced to the ground. Crane beat the tambourine, Grandpa and Grandma used to make funny fights, and Bootlegger played with the hostess. The culmination of the program were the dramatized acts in which a common motive for the death and resurrection of the sacrificial animal associated with the cult of fertility was noticeable. In one of the rite songs, the wicked Cossack kills a goat with a shot in the heart, but good people persuade God to revive her. The rescued Goat brings God's blessing to the world: where it goes, it gives good bread. Towards the end, Plowman drew a circle around the house, crossing the path with starvation, disease and sorcery.

The totem animal was also played by a pig, a close relative of the golden boar Gullinbursti, which was visited by the Scandinavian god summer Freyr. Even poor families at the head of the table sported a "Caesarian pig", roasted whole. The bones collected after the meal were buried in the field, on the beds and in the barn to be harvested and bred by autumn. The festive cycle ended with a sowing rite conducted by boys between the ages of seven and fourteen. The room was strewn with grains of rye, wheat, oats and peas, wishing the owners happiness, health and wealth. In the old days, they believed that good wishes would sprout into the future.mt6h8gzVqxi9jdvpJYjrDEK5vIHNzBdo.jpgPhoto politeka.net

Nowadays, Generous Evening and Old New Year can be celebrated in the city park, where folk ensembles with animators perform. The most colorful festivities, which have not lost the immediacy and juicy folk humor, take place in Vashkivtsi and Krasnoyilsk village in Chernivtsi region. When matching Malanka to Basil, the locals arrange an incredible carnival "Perebériia", which involves top-notch characters - police, bandits, politicians and pop idols.

The results of the season are summed up in Chernivtsi at the "Malanka Fest" ethno festival, choosing the best troupe of the year. Teams of different cities and villages parade through the city, showing the audience their enthusiasm. The skill of folk craftsmen deserves no less admiration: the colorful costumes of lightning rods are made by hand. Living tradition does not close in the past, it is created in our eyes and looks to the future with hope.

Cover photo nashkiev.ua

Вам это будет интересно:
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 1
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
Along the waves of time: historic Sailing vessels of Estonia
History of Estonia isn’t preserved in scrolls of parchment but in leaden chronicles of the North Sea. Winding coastline three thousand kilometers long has seen millions of sails starting with striped cloths of drakkars to nap-of-the-earth flight of clippers over the waves in the era of steam and electricity.
Bajau: Seafarers of Southeast Asia
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau - nomadic seafarers who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
Ukrainian gardens of Babylon
Have you ever noticed how parks attrack us when it gets warmer outside? And what happens when you suddenly get there? Time stands still, something starts pulsating inside you, and your body seems to plant out fresh sprouts. OUTLOOK encourages you to visit the most beautiful arboreta of Ukraine, which you will exit feeling double alive.
Vivid dance. Polka
In this cheerful and mischievous dance, the all Europe and America are spinning, modestly adding to their word "polka" their geographical location. For example, there are Finnish, Andijon or even Mexican kinds of dance. It is with this choreography that the children begin, they consider it to be the "upper class", which only the hardy dancers with a strong vestibular apparatus can do.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Ecuador: To be an indian
Our journalist came back from Ecuador with unique experience and we share it with you. For the first time I was suspected of drug trafficking. Alone, in the country where there is no Ukrainian Embassy, I was standing and feverishly figuring out if someone could plant something on me on the way to the airport.
Thailand handcraft: From silk to pearls
Have you ever thought how many grains of history are stored in each item sold at little booths in Thailand? Yet, strolling along those souvenir stalls you are browsing craft records of the whole nation, briefly looking through notes survived from a thousand years ago to the present day. Some pages have thinned to transparency, but marks did preserve their former accuracy.
VIDEO: Antique and industrial Kyiv
When sending stuff to trash can or throwing it away to a dumpster we don’t suspect that it doesn’t always mean death for it, now and then even in the contrary – it is a beginning of a new life…
Twelve guises of South Korea
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
Lost island of Yap. The land of big money
How can you understand the nature of finance, if there is no desire to go deep into the jungle of science? It is better to see once, than to read a hundred times: a trip to the island of Yap in Micronesia replaces the entire university course of monetary theory. Yap roads are lined up with giant doughnut-shaped, carved disks the size of a millstone - rampant inflation has made the world biggest money into fun for tourists.
Kazakhstan Jewelry
Famous Kazakh proverb says: “Art of a craftsman can only be told in gold and silver”. Nevertheless, no matter how skillful hands of a creator are, in order to make a truly worthy thing it takes hard work, obstinacy, and, sure enough, courage to make a claim about yourself and about your talent.
Tajik сombs of beauty
When Bahriddin’s mother was getting ready for work, she was assiduously arranging her hair around her tubeteika. It resulted in some sort of a crown. On holidays she plaited special adornments into her black hair with a tinge of blue. When she walked, they were tinkling slightly to create an aura of a dance. And in evenings little Bahriddin couldn’t fall asleep without holding her tight braid in his hands.
Kalash: Amazing people in the mountains of Pakistan
While watching Discovery or other popular science shows it seems that our planet has been explored and examined length and breadth long ago. However some phenomena that we come across in our lives literally knock us down. Like, for instance, the fact that in Hindu Kush Mountains mysterious and blonde Kalash people live in isolation...
Fight like a woman. The fight club of flying cholit
The free fight has not feminine face. The good girl could smile in a pretty way and care colorful dress but not strike out wildly. But in the fierce Ands such gentle flowers do not grow. The true Bolivian cholit will be quick on the uptake, and it is able to fill in if necessary. But on Sunday, having gathered the starched skirts, she will desperately go to fight
Everything on sale: Worlds's best markets and bazaars
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight.
The most stunning flower fields in the world
Flower fields and valleys are impressive and attract attention of the most discerning connoisseurs of beauty. Multi-coloured deposits of fragrant plants adorn vast valleys of almost every country, in the most distant parts of the world. We offer several options for such floral carpets for every taste.
Maculele: dance to make the sparks fly
When the first emigrants from Africa came to Brazil, they brought rousing actions in the country that had been living upon the principle ‘Life is a carnival’. As the citizens of Africa explained, dance maculele appeared in the environment where slaves had to protect themselves from the encroachment of their owners.
The way they dance
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
Tea empire of the world
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page