RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Maculele: dance to make the sparks fly

Maculele: dance to make the sparks fly

Автор: 30.12.2019 | traditions, Brazil
When the first emigrants from Africa came to Brazil, they brought rousing actions in the country that had been living upon the principle ‘Life is a carnival’. As the citizens of Africa explained, dance maculele appeared in the environment where slaves had to protect themselves from the encroachment of their owners.
That is why representatives of nation mastered sticks and knives provided that the weapon was hold in the arms even during the dances…

Not all investigators of the ancient cultures are assured that maculele has a hidden sense. According to one of the versions, Africans tap out the rhythm on the discs carved from the wood while the military essence of the performance is explained with the features of African mentality. They say, maculele supports view of man as the courageous and sturdy protector whereas stick is only a symbolical attribute.

As it goes by in another legend depicting the origin of the dance with sticks, with the help of maculele Africans claimed their rights. Working at the sugar plantations, they cut sugarcanes and almost fell flaked out being absolutely exhausted… however, they still found powers to dance. The slaves knew that dance used to be a sacral way to unleash the fury of their wrath caused by the unbearable labor. The stronger anger for unfair work conditions was the brighter torches in the arms of dancers fired. By the way, ‘torch ritual’ has a military basis. Once the slaves arranged an uprising and, binding, burned the cruelest torturers wishing to make revenge towards the slaveholders for the whole luckless destiny. Several ones succeeded in escaping from the fire of burning corded wood; nevertheless, they were not able to save themselves as the slaves hit them with the sticks. Perhaps, verily this story became the reason why the sticks serve as expedients in this combination of the martial arts and dances. At any rate, the legends say so.Capoeira_Maculele_03.jpgPhoto dudu-tucci-brasil-power-drums.com

However, some historians tend to think that Africans did not avenge to the offenders because they were not able to take the weapon in the arms as it was dangerous and could lead to punishment. Instead, the sticks from the sugarcane brought courage to the boisterous dance.

The history of the dance maculele was relevant until the slavery was cancelled in 1888. People did not see sense in the military activity; moreover, in several years one of the most prominent maculele dancers died. The dance hardly sank into oblivion; however, it was recalled during the festival dedicated to Nossa Seniora da Purifacacao (Our Lady of the Candles) as in such a way one of the names of Virgin Mary sounded. The person who brought maculele to life had a name Paulino Alusio de Andrade, and he was more famous as Mestre Popo de Maculele residing in the city Santo Amaro. For the first time Mestre Popo performed the movements of maculele along with his friend straightly across the road so as to attract attention of women. The dance became an overnight success among the beautiful ladies, and soon Mestre taught to dance everybody who wished it offering to perform the steps during the national festivals with the religious inclinations. Now Brazilians consider Mestre Popo to be ‘the father of maculele’.Capoeira_Maculele_02.jpg
Photo dudu-tucci-brasil-power-drums.com

It was verily he who gave a posed strictness to the reckless dance establishing some rules. Exactly, dancers had to stay make the circle inside which on the order of the senior master ‘mestre’ two people came. In the meantime, Popo asked the participants of the dance not get too much involved into the show for the sake of staginess and remember about the supreme intention of the maculele: ‘We dedicate our dance to Holy Mother and princess Isabel who set African slaves free’. The teacher explained that during the songs performed in the circle, the ancient dancers asked African gods to give a boon in the view of physical capacity and flexibility as well to rescue from the paws of slavery. For the creation of accompaniment, three kinds of the drum atabake were used, particularly, rum emitting a low sound, rumpi concentrating on the middle tone, and le taking argute high notes. Concerning the usage of the gibbose blades machete which dancers tried to take for maculele, Mestre Popo stood against such an innovation. He claimed, no master of ancient African culture takes machete for this dance. It is not worth to break the traditions because they include more sense than it could seem at the first glance: ‘If the dancers had acquired machete, they would have trained on the heads of their oppressors’.

Consequently, in 1943, this unusual activity came from the range of wild movements to the category of exotic dance styles. The first groups required more than twenty years to make maculele popular in the entire Brazil which from the oldest times got accustomed to celebrate the joyous events in grand style. The carnival culture with the joy accepted the raving dance in its array. Brazilians could not be frightened with the colorful faces of the performers and skirts that were worn by dancers regardless of sex attribute.

The dance procession sang exactly on the streets an unpretentious song consisting of two words: ‘Olele maculele’. Then, the performers paid attention to the national songs and praised Brazilian nation in patriotic poems. If the team attained in the bright clothes stopped near someone’s house, and the owner peeped out to savor exotic battle, in the procession the appraisal ode to the owner of house was immediately created.Photo pinterest.it

Only after that the battle at the sticks started, provided that participants had not only a agility but also attention. Directly, when a master put a stick around the head, everybody should have returned to the circle. At the stated step, maculele demonstrated playful elements. In the circle ‘shepherd of cows’ came who in dance was called as ‘vakeiru’. He tried to drive a wedge and fling lasso on the neck of some participant. If the latest could not dodge the bullet, the dancers performed a mocking song, with a slight jeer over the caught hero who lied on the ground. Then he symbolically was given to drink a jurema considered as mind-blowing weed; but, indeed, this activity was only shown in the dance.All the dance maculele is penetrated with the elements taken from the martial arts. Sticks and knives are intended to remind about the struggle of African slaves who did not wish to go with the flow and surrender to their fate. Currently, maculele is performed by dancers who form a circle under the resonate drums sound involving into entracement so as to incline from the symbolical hit of knife in the imitation of the battle. How did such battles look like in the old times? Another African legend tells about that.

It happened in a desolated village that hid in the secluded corners of Nigeria. Once all the men left settlement heading for the forests in search of the wildfowl. They ordered to some guy to look attentively if the enemy did not come through the village fence trying to disturb the calmness of women and children. As it occurs in each tale, the enemy decided not to wait and, when in the village male voices faded, a stranger came so as to sponge with what did not belong to him. The guy had nothing else except for arming with the sticks and making attempts to stop the foe. He called for help, and the young man was powerless to opposite to the whole gang. Fortunately, at the moment when his forces were on the edge, all the men returned to the village and, taking sticks, fought with the enemies throwing strangers away. In order to notice the courage of the hero who separately defended the native village, and invented the dance maculele, probably, taking the name of the young man as the name of dance. Фото edelfaule.files.wordpress.com

Cover photo pinterest.it

Вам это будет интересно:
Wedding traditions of the world: from geese to lasso
Stealing the bride's shoe in the midst of the celebration, and to require unimaginable redemption from the groom, is an interesting action for which it is worth to go to the wedding party. This is not the only wedding tradition of country, by which the legal wedlock of two hearts acquires a special flavour. What are interesting rituals of different parts of our planet? We leave for the honeymoon in search of the most original and unusual traditions of the peoples of the world!
Tasty Japan: Give the country a try
Ice cream with a taste of horse meat, pickled insects, fish with deadly venom, etc – Japanese cuisine has things to surprise, amaze and shock you with. And truth be told, enumeration of these dishes doesn’t help my appetite at all. But we are not after exotic stuff. True culinary tourism is an attempt to comprehend mindset and feel national distinctive color through traditional cuisine – not try most exotic dishes.
The most beautiful churches in the world: charm and divine power
The architecture of temples has interesting and sometimes controversial history. Quite often the novelties and fundamentals of movements in architecture started with the building of temples with sophisticated design. The Polish Roman Catholic churches are rather bright in their beauty.
Mechoui: Heavy Treat
Destiny often hatches surprises and you can never know for sure what you’ll try at a festive table especially when travelling around Middle East countries.
Happiness moves in mysterious way: Places to make wishes in Latvia
Trip to Latvia breaks the chain of mundanity, awakes secret fantasies which usually remain dormant in the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Wandering between the centuries-old pine trees, fresh Baltic breeze languidly runs over strings in wait for off-beat adventure. Dreams do come true – you just need to know a right place to make a wish.
Coffee: A drink from mountain peaks
Ordering coffee, we usually refer to it just as Americano, Espresso or Latte... However, good coffee shops that offer really high-quality coffee, would ask you to specify a type of coffee beans and the country of origin. And at this point many visitors usually feel at deadlock.
Video: Craft of Uzbekistan. Golden-stitched embroidery
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we'll tell you about art of golden-stitched embroidery that has long been considered the art of the nobility. We will tell you about mediums artisans use, secrets and unique distinctives of this craft. Feel the world with us!
What do they eat: Rome’s cuisine
OUTLOOK often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine...
The state of contrasts. Haiti
The state of contrasts where beaches look like gardens of heaven while cities and villages resemble dumps; where over 80% of population are faithful Catholics who practice bloody cult of vodou at the same time; where absolute poverty on one hand and unthinkable luxury on the other feather in.
Tajik сombs of beauty
When Bahriddin’s mother was getting ready for work, she was assiduously arranging her hair around her tubeteika. It resulted in some sort of a crown. On holidays she plaited special adornments into her black hair with a tinge of blue. When she walked, they were tinkling slightly to create an aura of a dance. And in evenings little Bahriddin couldn’t fall asleep without holding her tight braid in his hands.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Everything on sale: Worlds's best markets and bazaars
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight.
Sacred animals of the Incas
Our "Peruvian cycle" is replenished with the story of the most revered animals in Peru. Being the link between the present and the past, they play an important role in the life of this nation. Wise ancestors of the modern Peruvians, the ancient Incas, were living in harmony with all life that surrounded them.
Hanging Out In Pakistan
OUTLOOK studied the brightest Pakistani holidays, because the saying goes for a reason: people live same way they hang out. An amazing game of history. Pakistan appeared on political map relatively short time ago yet one doesn’t have the heart to call it ‘young’ for it is inhabited with heirs of one of the most ancient civilization.
The way they dance
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
Twelve guises of South Korea
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
World ghettos: Samurai on the Carnival
Today in our already traditional column we talk about national ghettos – a story about one of the most exotic districts in São Paulo – about Liberdade. It is there where the world’s largest Japanese diaspora lives. Immigration from the Land of the Rising Sun began in 1908 when 165 families arrived on Brazilian land ...
Iguazu Falls - Niagara Has Room for Improvement!
5 tons of water fall off into the ravine every single moment, roaring, raising steam and disseminating spatter in all directions. ‘Liquid wall’ of Iguazu Falls extends its crescent on the border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.
Crafts of Uzbekistan. Straw Items
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we tell you about art of straw work, about materials that craftsmen use and what secrets and unique features of this craft are. Feel the world with us!
Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page