RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Maculele: dance to make the sparks fly

Maculele: dance to make the sparks fly

Автор: 30.12.2019 | traditions, Brazil
When the first emigrants from Africa came to Brazil, they brought rousing actions in the country that had been living upon the principle ‘Life is a carnival’. As the citizens of Africa explained, dance maculele appeared in the environment where slaves had to protect themselves from the encroachment of their owners.
That is why representatives of nation mastered sticks and knives provided that the weapon was hold in the arms even during the dances…

Not all investigators of the ancient cultures are assured that maculele has a hidden sense. According to one of the versions, Africans tap out the rhythm on the discs carved from the wood while the military essence of the performance is explained with the features of African mentality. They say, maculele supports view of man as the courageous and sturdy protector whereas stick is only a symbolical attribute.

As it goes by in another legend depicting the origin of the dance with sticks, with the help of maculele Africans claimed their rights. Working at the sugar plantations, they cut sugarcanes and almost fell flaked out being absolutely exhausted… however, they still found powers to dance. The slaves knew that dance used to be a sacral way to unleash the fury of their wrath caused by the unbearable labor. The stronger anger for unfair work conditions was the brighter torches in the arms of dancers fired. By the way, ‘torch ritual’ has a military basis. Once the slaves arranged an uprising and, binding, burned the cruelest torturers wishing to make revenge towards the slaveholders for the whole luckless destiny. Several ones succeeded in escaping from the fire of burning corded wood; nevertheless, they were not able to save themselves as the slaves hit them with the sticks. Perhaps, verily this story became the reason why the sticks serve as expedients in this combination of the martial arts and dances. At any rate, the legends say so.Capoeira_Maculele_03.jpgPhoto dudu-tucci-brasil-power-drums.com

However, some historians tend to think that Africans did not avenge to the offenders because they were not able to take the weapon in the arms as it was dangerous and could lead to punishment. Instead, the sticks from the sugarcane brought courage to the boisterous dance.

The history of the dance maculele was relevant until the slavery was cancelled in 1888. People did not see sense in the military activity; moreover, in several years one of the most prominent maculele dancers died. The dance hardly sank into oblivion; however, it was recalled during the festival dedicated to Nossa Seniora da Purifacacao (Our Lady of the Candles) as in such a way one of the names of Virgin Mary sounded. The person who brought maculele to life had a name Paulino Alusio de Andrade, and he was more famous as Mestre Popo de Maculele residing in the city Santo Amaro. For the first time Mestre Popo performed the movements of maculele along with his friend straightly across the road so as to attract attention of women. The dance became an overnight success among the beautiful ladies, and soon Mestre taught to dance everybody who wished it offering to perform the steps during the national festivals with the religious inclinations. Now Brazilians consider Mestre Popo to be ‘the father of maculele’.Capoeira_Maculele_02.jpg
Photo dudu-tucci-brasil-power-drums.com

It was verily he who gave a posed strictness to the reckless dance establishing some rules. Exactly, dancers had to stay make the circle inside which on the order of the senior master ‘mestre’ two people came. In the meantime, Popo asked the participants of the dance not get too much involved into the show for the sake of staginess and remember about the supreme intention of the maculele: ‘We dedicate our dance to Holy Mother and princess Isabel who set African slaves free’. The teacher explained that during the songs performed in the circle, the ancient dancers asked African gods to give a boon in the view of physical capacity and flexibility as well to rescue from the paws of slavery. For the creation of accompaniment, three kinds of the drum atabake were used, particularly, rum emitting a low sound, rumpi concentrating on the middle tone, and le taking argute high notes. Concerning the usage of the gibbose blades machete which dancers tried to take for maculele, Mestre Popo stood against such an innovation. He claimed, no master of ancient African culture takes machete for this dance. It is not worth to break the traditions because they include more sense than it could seem at the first glance: ‘If the dancers had acquired machete, they would have trained on the heads of their oppressors’.

Consequently, in 1943, this unusual activity came from the range of wild movements to the category of exotic dance styles. The first groups required more than twenty years to make maculele popular in the entire Brazil which from the oldest times got accustomed to celebrate the joyous events in grand style. The carnival culture with the joy accepted the raving dance in its array. Brazilians could not be frightened with the colorful faces of the performers and skirts that were worn by dancers regardless of sex attribute.

The dance procession sang exactly on the streets an unpretentious song consisting of two words: ‘Olele maculele’. Then, the performers paid attention to the national songs and praised Brazilian nation in patriotic poems. If the team attained in the bright clothes stopped near someone’s house, and the owner peeped out to savor exotic battle, in the procession the appraisal ode to the owner of house was immediately created.Photo pinterest.it

Only after that the battle at the sticks started, provided that participants had not only a agility but also attention. Directly, when a master put a stick around the head, everybody should have returned to the circle. At the stated step, maculele demonstrated playful elements. In the circle ‘shepherd of cows’ came who in dance was called as ‘vakeiru’. He tried to drive a wedge and fling lasso on the neck of some participant. If the latest could not dodge the bullet, the dancers performed a mocking song, with a slight jeer over the caught hero who lied on the ground. Then he symbolically was given to drink a jurema considered as mind-blowing weed; but, indeed, this activity was only shown in the dance.All the dance maculele is penetrated with the elements taken from the martial arts. Sticks and knives are intended to remind about the struggle of African slaves who did not wish to go with the flow and surrender to their fate. Currently, maculele is performed by dancers who form a circle under the resonate drums sound involving into entracement so as to incline from the symbolical hit of knife in the imitation of the battle. How did such battles look like in the old times? Another African legend tells about that.

It happened in a desolated village that hid in the secluded corners of Nigeria. Once all the men left settlement heading for the forests in search of the wildfowl. They ordered to some guy to look attentively if the enemy did not come through the village fence trying to disturb the calmness of women and children. As it occurs in each tale, the enemy decided not to wait and, when in the village male voices faded, a stranger came so as to sponge with what did not belong to him. The guy had nothing else except for arming with the sticks and making attempts to stop the foe. He called for help, and the young man was powerless to opposite to the whole gang. Fortunately, at the moment when his forces were on the edge, all the men returned to the village and, taking sticks, fought with the enemies throwing strangers away. In order to notice the courage of the hero who separately defended the native village, and invented the dance maculele, probably, taking the name of the young man as the name of dance. Фото edelfaule.files.wordpress.com

Cover photo pinterest.it

Вам это будет интересно:
Tajik сombs of beauty
When Bahriddin’s mother was getting ready for work, she was assiduously arranging her hair around her tubeteika. It resulted in some sort of a crown. On holidays she plaited special adornments into her black hair with a tinge of blue. When she walked, they were tinkling slightly to create an aura of a dance. And in evenings little Bahriddin couldn’t fall asleep without holding her tight braid in his hands.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Everything on sale: Worlds's best markets and bazaars
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight.
Sacred animals of the Incas
Our "Peruvian cycle" is replenished with the story of the most revered animals in Peru. Being the link between the present and the past, they play an important role in the life of this nation. Wise ancestors of the modern Peruvians, the ancient Incas, were living in harmony with all life that surrounded them.
Hanging Out In Pakistan
OUTLOOK studied the brightest Pakistani holidays, because the saying goes for a reason: people live same way they hang out. An amazing game of history. Pakistan appeared on political map relatively short time ago yet one doesn’t have the heart to call it ‘young’ for it is inhabited with heirs of one of the most ancient civilization.
The way they dance
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
Twelve guises of South Korea
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.
World ghettos: Samurai on the Carnival
Today in our already traditional column we talk about national ghettos – a story about one of the most exotic districts in São Paulo – about Liberdade. It is there where the world’s largest Japanese diaspora lives. Immigration from the Land of the Rising Sun began in 1908 when 165 families arrived on Brazilian land ...
Iguazu Falls - Niagara Has Room for Improvement!
5 tons of water fall off into the ravine every single moment, roaring, raising steam and disseminating spatter in all directions. ‘Liquid wall’ of Iguazu Falls extends its crescent on the border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.
Crafts of Uzbekistan. Straw Items
OUTLOOK was lucky to visit hospitable Uzbekistan and get better acquainted with crafts of this amazing country. Today we tell you about art of straw work, about materials that craftsmen use and what secrets and unique features of this craft are. Feel the world with us!
Eastern music of Sufi: Qawali
‘Love evolves when one looks in the eyes of the person beloved seeing there God’, in such a way the lines of some Arabian song called Qawali is translated. The authorship of this chant is ascribed to Eastern strangers Sufi who tending to find the sense of existence strolled around the half an Earth bare-footed. In the travels they composed songs where they told narration describing what they had to endure.
Forgotten art: Chinese ceremony in South Korea
After the walking along the boisterous streets of Seoul one wants to take it easy in a café drinking a cup of flavored tea, however, it never happens like that. Good teahouses are found out only near Buddhist monasteries or at the bohemian pedestrian street Insadon. Chinese ceremony in Korea that is incomparable with the rough schedule of offices and remaining the joy of wise people and privilege of the masters.
Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style
The New Year in Ukraine did not always start with a Christmas tree, and instead of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, guests were waiting fora minx girl - Malanka and motor-boy Vasyl accompanied by the retinue. All the follies were out of hand: the ridiculed riddles carried a sacred content, dictated by the logic of the myth of the duel of spring and winter.
Mulled wine: Yummy way to keep warm
Vitamins, development of resistance to cold, correct day regimen... That's all good and useful, especially when the winter weather swirls in, but sometimes we all have to pamper ourselves and at the same time to be protected against germs and colds. And the best way to do it is to sip some mulled wine.
New Year in offbeat way: Traditions around the world
In anticipation of the holiday rush, we took a sleigh, harnessed reindeer and enjoyed a ride across the planet to find out unique customs for welcoming New Year worldwide.
Eskimo igloo: It is easy as a pie to build castles in ...snow
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
Game for aristocrats.Cricket
English highest society and cricket… sounds almost like tea with milk. They can exist separately, but together they taste more delicious. And if you're still confused with cricket, croquet and croquettes, do not worry – find explanation below.
Kalash: Amazing people in the mountains of Pakistan
While watching Discovery or other popular science shows it seems that our planet has been explored and examined length and breadth long ago. However some phenomena that we come across in our lives literally knock us down. Like, for instance, the fact that in Hindu Kush Mountains mysterious and blonde Kalash people live in isolation...
Workshop on Cooking Varenyky Dumplings for the Ambassador's Spouses Club from the Outlook Project And Culinary Expert Ievgen Klopotenko
On the initiative of the Ambassador's Spouses Club, Outlook Project organized a culinary workshop on shaping varenyky dumplings from a Ukrainian chef and co-owner of 100 Years Back in Future Ievgen Klopotenko.
Las Jornadas del Olivar y el Aceite: vegetative oysters feast
Lovers of olives and olive oil mark small town of Baena on the map of Spain with the red pen. Annually from November 9 till November 11 it becomes the place where gastronomists from all over the world gather. Various events, background information and plenty of diverse delicacies are awaiting those who dare crack the stone of wonder-fruit.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page