RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  Eskimo igloo: It is easy as a pie to build castles in ...snow

Eskimo igloo: It is easy as a pie to build castles in ...snow

Author: 26.12.2017 | traditions, Finland, Canada
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.

The British polar explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton is sure that the first expeditions to the South Pole failed because there are no Eskimos in Antarctica ready to contract to build an igloo for polar explorers. The dome-shaped snow huts protected members of the Arctic campaign of Robert Peary from freezing coldness and blizzards, turning into tiny islands of heat and light inside the white silence.

At the dawn of polar researches it was believed that only indigenous Eskimo knows how to build a right igloo, as aborigines take in with mother's milk an art of survival in the inhospitable lands of the Arctic, Greenland, Labrador and Alaska. The reindeer herders and hunters use the huts made of ice and snow as temporary housing, roaming across the tundra in search of a generous land. It takes the head of the family less than an hour to arrange a temporary home, so they leave it without any regrets moving to a new camp. In the rich pastures one can see igloo villages, in which the neighbouring houses are connected by corridors and tunnels.Photo viking-travel.ru

In 1914, a Canadian Arctic explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson guessed the Eskimo secret, he gave sceptics a lesson on building an igloo from the snow and ice blocks. Nothing supernatural: one can hone skills in a winter park or snow covered garden by village cottage.

Only the fresh fine-grained snow is good for building, which has not got packed and icy. Blocks with inhomogeneous structure will crumble soon, threatening to leave the negligent owner alone with nature forces. No wonder that languages of Eskimo-Aleut family show amazing ingenuity in identifying different states of snow: a subtle shade of grey in dazzling white snow will help distinguish an old snow hill from a fresh one. Hikers and skiers are taught to understand sound. Gently crunching under feet is an encouraging sign, but if the shoe leaves a clear deeply pressed footprint, it is a wonderful sign.

Snow bricks, contrary to the popular view, are not sculptured but cut out with a knife with a thin long blade. The construction of temporary winter home requires up to forty blocks, basement bricks should be half times larger than the wall bricks.Photo zastavki.com

The easiest way to arrange bricks is "snail" shape, that is spiralling from right to left, with each turn to narrow the radius of the circle. To start, they find a high platform about three meters in diameter, remove crust and step on the edge a small indentation for blocks, which are laid out slightly sloping inwards. Narrow slits are compacted with snow, and to eliminate gaps between blocks after clamping with foundation, builders cut special elongated work piece.

Before laying out another rung of a spiral, they cut diagonally across the top of the three plates, except those that are on the entrance. In the resulting cavity they put the first unit of the upper row, and continue laying out, placing the top blocks with a support on the bottom three plates and carefully cutting off the protruding parts. With the construction of the walls, the bricks gradually take the form of a trapezoid, and after the transition to the dome they turn into pyramids, forming a vault. The optimum height of construction, verified by centuries, is about three meters.

With sufficient depth of snowdrift, entrance is arranged directly on the floor and they dig the corridor to it. If snow is not enough, the inlet is placed in the wall on the leeward side, constructing additional vestibule, which serves as an excellent storage area for equipment and food. Opposite the door is a bench fashioned out of the snow, where the whole family sleeps sprawled on fur blankets. The table is made of large blocks, and dinner is cooked on the fire lamps made of bowls with seal fat.Photo phototopic.ru

Inside the cabin it is very comfortable: the room temperature reaches 20 degrees, and the ventilation is secured by a recessed entrance, curtained with skins. Cool fresh air is pushed up by carbon dioxide and scattered around the room, without making the house cold. By the spring dome vault begins to leak, and then the master scrapes frost from the roof, increasing the heat out. But for thick deposits of soot, well-built igloo could last till summer. Due to the heavy smell of burnings, the Eskimos change dislocation every two months, after having found a new place for housewarming.

There may be no windows in the igloo: only on the east coast of Baffin Island there are huts with skylights tightened with seals’ intestines. Nevertheless, inhabitants do not get bored in the dark. A burner flame fills the interior with the bright light, allowing to read, write and do fine manual work. According to eyewitnesses, the igloos outside are surrounded by a soft pink glow, noticeable from afar. Warm breath of sleeping insiders melts the walls, and the moisture immediately gets icy by frost, giving additional strength to the blocks and reinforcing the grip of bricks. For greater reliability, is recommended to pour a new building with water - after this procedure, dwelling can easily withstand the weight of a polar bear.

Nowadays, there is no need to pay for the polar romance with frostbite and scurvy. In Austria and Switzerland there are successful comfortable hotel in igloo style with all the comforts, including bar, sauna and disco. On Utsuvaare hill in Lapland there is a thriving mini-hotel Kakslauttanen, where you can spend an unforgettable night in an igloo with a glass ceiling, admiring the Northern Lights.Photo travel,pixabay.com

Main photo travelask.ru

It will be interesting:
Kabuki: thorny path of flower
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips. The word kabuki is sometimes translated as "the art of singing and dancing". Why not an operetta? The essence of performance is not confined to musical presentation only...
Kazakhstan Jewelry
Famous Kazakh proverb says: “Art of a craftsman can only be told in gold and silver”. Nevertheless, no matter how skillful hands of a creator are, in order to make a truly worthy thing it takes hard work, obstinacy, and, sure enough, courage to make a claim about yourself and about your talent.
Mehndi – instead of a thousand tattoos
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
Vivid dance. Polka
In this cheerful and mischievous dance, the all Europe and America are spinning, modestly adding to their word "polka" their geographical location. For example, there are Finnish, Andijon or even Mexican kinds of dance. It is with this choreography that the children begin, they consider it to be the "upper class", which only the hardy dancers with a strong vestibular apparatus can do.
Tea empire of the world
Few of us, while our favourite tea is steeping, are scrutinizing about the way this drink went through to get into our mug. Of course, stereotypically, we know that most likely it came from India or China, but in fact origin can vary. In the world there are about 30 countries which are very seriously engaged in tea business, and within this community a very clear hierarchy emerges, headed by the so-called Big Tea Seven.
Boat instead of shopping basket: Famous floating markets
Stores, shopping malls, markets - all these places are an integral part of daily goings-on of almost every person on our planet. It would seem there is nothing special about them: they are all alike, just goods and prices vary depending on country or city. In fact, it is not quite true since some markets are only accessible via waterways. Our today’s story is about them.
Lost island of Yap. The land of big money
How can you understand the nature of finance, if there is no desire to go deep into the jungle of science? It is better to see once, than to read a hundred times: a trip to the island of Yap in Micronesia replaces the entire university course of monetary theory. Yap roads are lined up with giant doughnut-shaped, carved disks the size of a millstone - rampant inflation has made the world biggest money into fun for tourists.
Ecuador: To be an indian
Our journalist came back from Ecuador with unique experience and we share it with you. For the first time I was suspected of drug trafficking. Alone, in the country where there is no Ukrainian Embassy, I was standing and feverishly figuring out if someone could plant something on me on the way to the airport.
Between Heaven And... Water: World’s 5 smallest inhabited islands
Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
Thailand handcraft: From silk to pearls
Have you ever thought how many grains of history are stored in each item sold at little booths in Thailand? Yet, strolling along those souvenir stalls you are browsing craft records of the whole nation, briefly looking through notes survived from a thousand years ago to the present day. Some pages have thinned to transparency, but marks did preserve their former accuracy.
Handicraft: persian carpets
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.
National drinks: Zero degrees and lots of energy
Everyone knows that being in Scotland you should try whiskey, in France you should taste wine, and in Japan t is all about sake. But few people think about national soft drinks. They were created by peoples with far more practical intentions - refreshing and burning, repelling from the climate features, possessing nourishing properties.
Bajau: Seafarers of Southeast Asia
Small ethnic groupshave been always interesting for scientists and artists, who sought inspiration in their lifestyle. The Bajau - nomadic seafarers who formally can be correlated with Malaysia, are one of the most popular ethnic groups today.
Gastronomic tourism: Through food to culture
You should not condescendingly treat gastrotours as a newfangled invention. Gastronomic tourism is one of the aspects of world science. Her star, American scientist Eric Wolf, who in 2001 founded the International Association of Gastronomic Tourism, states: food is the quintessence of the nation, its mentality, character and, of course, history ...
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Nihongami: Topknot as a aign of status
Nihongami is a certain way to arrange hair in Japanese tradition. Interestingly, in the Land of the Rising Sun hairdos were legally controlled and served as some sort of dress code for ladies of different social statuses and classes. Therefore, each class had strictly determined corresponding outfit and hairstyle and those laws are still obeyed by geishas and their apprentices.
Amazons from tribe mosuo​: Conservation of feminism in the shadow of Himalayas
Composers of antiutopias predict hundreds of sorrows to the people of the future who are from times to times forbidden to celebrate weddings, however, it seems, everything is not so terrible. In Chinese province Yun Nan near the foot of Himalayas the matriarch tribe mosuo resides that is not familiar with the concept of marriage at all.
Along the waves of time: historic Sailing vessels of Estonia
History of Estonia isn’t preserved in scrolls of parchment but in leaden chronicles of the North Sea. Winding coastline three thousand kilometers long has seen millions of sails starting with striped cloths of drakkars to nap-of-the-earth flight of clippers over the waves in the era of steam and electricity.
Fight like a woman. The fight club of flying cholit
The free fight has not feminine face. The good girl could smile in a pretty way and care colorful dress but not strike out wildly. But in the fierce Ands such gentle flowers do not grow. The true Bolivian cholit will be quick on the uptake, and it is able to fill in if necessary. But on Sunday, having gathered the starched skirts, she will desperately go to fight
Lakes that are changing the idea of the power of the nature
At the bare mention of the word lake, our imagination pictures soothing, nostalgia-laden images of quite pond cosily embraced by the grassy hills. OUTLOOK prepared a selection of the most spectacular lakes, which will change your understanding of this work of nature. Each of them has something to surprise, whether it is unusual water shade, or frightening ability to petrify living creatures.
Close
Outlook facebook page