Matches became something really conventional for us but it turns out that this attribute came to stay in our pockets and by-the-kitchen-range drawers not that long ago.
More than one inventive Herostratus had tried to create “fire sticks” of some kind since 13th century. There were no patents back then so it is hard to positively state who the first to come up with matches was. Their manufactory production dates back to 19th century. In 1805 French chemist Jean Chancel had wood attached with a killer cocktail: sulfur, potassium chlorate and acid to create a prototype of what now is preserved in a 5-centimeter-long box. The world rejoiced and the ball started rolling – as soon as in 1813 in Austria world’s first matches’ manufacture “Milliard & Viko” began its operation.
Since then “not a child’s play” was subject for improvement. Heads changed – everything, from wax to incomprehensible gum arabic was on fire. So it went on until 1855 when Swedish chemist Johan Lundström hit upon the idea of applying red phosphorus to matches and flint paper; it made the product safe and non-emitting awful mixture of smells. This invention earned Lundström a medal of World Exhibition in Paris and in Sweden one true “matches boom” began. 20 years later about 120 “fire-producing” factories operated in the country.
Probably, the last significant stage in the history of matches was production of their container. In 1889 an American Joshua Pusey came up with the idea of it and was getting ready for a patent when Diamond Match Company outdid the innovator by adding igniting surface and applying it outside the box, which was far more comfortable than what Pusey suggested, and he thought of locating it inside.
Well, and then matchboxes started being used as… advertising space while matches themselves became instruments for creation of amazing things. For instance, Ford company graphically demonstrated that their “trucks” wouldn’t let anyone down and there would be enough room for everything in the trunk. Creative employees of Property Consultancy real estate agency promises to find such a dwelling that would be as efficient as possible regardless of dimensions. Several years ago a famous fast food chain decided to be in the trend, too, so they turned matches into potatoes free. Or vice versa – whatever you prefer.
But not only western companies learned how to use matchboxes as advertising. Ukrainian touristic company proves that while on vacation not only you should forget but even burn everything that steals your time and deprives you of pleasures. Russian Troika agency came up with as decent a masterpiece. They decided that the best promo is graphic demonstration. Scale is far from the original – so what? On the upside, a customer can feel the commodity.
Still, not every one likes promoting and selling own goods. Some people create amazing things using matches. Like Bulgarian artist Plamen Ignatov does. He spent 15 years of his life on replication of Rila Monastery using them. Alongside large amount of time, 6 million matchsticks were spent on the copy.
British oil rig worker David Reynolds is slightly behind. He spend about a million matches and 10 years on his armada that includes Titanic, Queen Mary, HMS Victory and other famous ships. Creation of British Tolkienists is just as captivating and remarkable. Their matchstick city from The Lord of the Rings seems to be full of elves, hobbits and living a certain life of its own. In conclusion it is worth saying that fire and art are… well, five centimeters apart, tops.
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips. The word kabuki is sometimes translated as "the art of singing and dancing". Why not an operetta? The essence of performance is not confined to musical presentation only...
What most people know about flamenco, is that this dance is manifestation of neither love and affection, nor entertainment and revelry fun. Fiery expressive flamenco is reflection of suffering and pain of an individual within nation, always persecuted and deprived of home. The dance itself, which has become a global symbol of Spain, is not only its national heritage...
Every other person has considered having a tattoo, maybe not permanent but at least a temporary one. Absolutely painless application of drawings that can be altered in a couple of weeks is offered by Mehndi art – henna painting.
The Japanese are one of those peoples who zealously respect the ancient traditions. They respect old age, being interested in ancestors and often know the family ancestry by heart. With such a worldview, it is not surprising that a unique technique for the restoration of kintsugi appeared exactly there. Read about it in OUTLOOK.
You often got convinced that skilful hands of a master who puts life into his creation, can transform humble tree stump into a charming violin, piece of plaster becomes an ancient sculpture, and even clay tile looks like a work of fine art.
Dirty cars are like a host for an artist. One may treat such art differently. Someone will wrinkle his nose and disdainfully wrestle his clothes. Others necessarily want to put a finger in such a picture in order to check the fragility of the "canvas" and smear its outlines. However, others will definitely make a selfie. However, nobody can pass by.
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.
Complicated spiritual world of the people of the 20th century has become a fruitful topic for many cinematographers but a special place in its exploration belongs to Antonioni. The director has gained global fame with the movies that display inner world of his contemporaries, their loneliness and lack of social connections(the concept that has become crucial in the art of the master).
Françoise Barbe-Gall teaches how to talk to children about art. She gives practical advices in her books, teaches to see things invisible to many people, to notice details and forget about labels. But we have to admit there are very few people who can boast with expertise in this area. If you want to change this order of things, today we offer you to go with us to the museums.
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Residents of big cities almost daily use the subway as a transport means. Alas, in the rapid pace of modern life a few people can afford to enjoy the design of these transit hubs. OUTLOOK is not able to stop time, but allow us to highlight fifteen of the most mesmerizing underground subway station from all around the world.
Land-art is not simply the landscape design but also the whole direction in art which in thee 21-st century considered one of the most important when only lazy people do not speak about the ‘green technologies’ and environment. The names of stars of such an activity have sturdily come into the speech of the tutors, critics, and connoisseurs, especially they outline Patrick Dougherti.
Treehouses, dug-outs and secret shelters – all the things we used to build when children. Unfortunately, as we grow older, fantasy fades and most of us now live in uncomfortable grey “boxes”. However, there are people who have created dwellings of their dreams by themselves.
The Column Hall of the Kyiv City State Administration on June 11 welcomed guests of the Embassy of the Argentine Republic to Ukraine on the occasion of a national day. The Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, representatives of the government and its agencies, partners of the embassy, the business community and the media lined up to congratulate the head of a foreign diplomatic institution and express their greetingss to friendly Argentina.
Walking along the Kyiv Landscape Alley, you always notice amazing benches created by Ukrainian masters. My favorite one is with a blanket and a pillow, because it seems comfortable even in inclement weather. Sitting on it, I remembered a picture from my childhood: the grandmothers take a long board out of the house, put it at one end on the stump, the other - on the railing of the entrance, and it turns out to be a bench. Wasn't it a design miracle?
When I, as a little girl, for the first time passed my hand over trimmed bush, my palm got scratched with sharp edges of twigs and lasting arborvitae fragrance hit my nose. Mesmerized, I was not able to take my eyes away from the cones, balls and squares that surrounded me in the park of a small resort town. I felt like being inside a fairy tale, where behind the leaves I could notice a smile of the Cheshire Cat.
Dazzling flashes of ancient knowledge manifested in colourful shimmering beads and in elaborated yarn mosaics by Huichol Indians, captivate the imagination calling for an endless journey through branches of the world tree. Spiritual images take on flesh in intricate ornaments that accompany a Mexican peasant throughout his life.
The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
At the sight of Flemish lacework it is hard to shake the feeling that miraculous flowers, artfully braided into a wreath of a pattern, were born from loose sparks that had escaped a magic wand. On the inside of the beauty there are efforts and days of jetsam girls, stolen from life by labyrinth of openwork loops.