RU  UK  EN
Articles  >  Imagine  >  What do they eat: Ukraine

What do they eat: Ukraine

Author: 05.04.2018 | Ukraine, what do they eat
Spoiled with home-made borshch, holubtsy and cotlets, we are under an illusion that we know Ukrainian cuisine like the tips of own fingers and there is nothing distinctive about it while in fact gastronomic heritage of our country is far richer than a grandma’s ingenuous menu. Time has come to recall original Ukrainian dishes that were undeservedly forgotten in the era of semi-cooked products and fast food.

Abundant and eclectic Ukrainian cuisine reminds canvases of impressionists: juicy touches of Polish, Hungarian, German and Turk borrowings shape a neat picture performed by a virtuoso on a trembling string of mood, enhanced with overtones of associations and impressions. Isolated multi-staged thermal treatment of goods, inherent in Ukrainian culinary tradition, partly compensates for limited palette of tastes and rural simplicity of main dishes by allowing each component to sound in full swing without outshining a leading tune. Meat and vegetables are fried on slow fire, than sautéed and stewed in a dish with thick walls to ensure even warming of the mixture.Photo fotoreceptik.ru

Ukrainian cuisine is relatively young – its specific features began to shape as far back as in 17th-18th century however it got fully formed only as late as in the middle of 19th century. Since part of population of Ukraine belonged to peasants’ layer engaged in physical work, high-calorie products prevailed in their menu: millet, buckwheat, leguminous plants, bakery, unleavened starchy foods, tallow pork and, sure enough, fat – universal energy resource, fit for consumption in raw, salted, smoke-dried and melted shapes.

Traditional Ukrainian lunch began with a thick rich soup, at that red borshch, that has over twenty ingredients in it, used to be cooked only on weekends and holidays. On weekdays full of work our predecessors preferred something simpler and faster. In the south-east they boil kulish – chumaks’ lorelei with millet, richly seasoned with pork fat. Lovers of hot dishes are sure to like cabbage soup with onion from Cherkassy or the famous hodz – pickle soup on beaf bone tea, flavored with forest mushrooms, rice and celery.

See also: On the catwalk: Ukraine

At Zaporizka Oblast they still remember recipes of ancient dishes from Cossacks’ cauldron. Don’t panic should you discover a mysterious dish called “ryabko” at a restaurant’s menu – they don’t mean innocently killed watchdog (Ryabko is a common name for watchdogs in Ukraine) but about a most tasty broth on rye flour mixed with milk with additions of meat, cracknels, fish or crawfish. It was commonly chased with potaptsy – dry bread with garlic and onion, rye Zaghreb crusts or lemyshka – Lent-diet baked pudding or mush made of buckwheat on sunflower oil or lard, that is poured with either hemp or opium milk few minutes prior to taking it off the fire. To disappointment of fans of extreme, nowadays lemyshka is only served with kefir.Photo pirozhnichenko.ru

Ukrainians saved meat, baked puddings and bakery made of unleavened dough, boiled in soup stock for main course. Alongside widely-known halushky, in Poltava region they hold pundyky in estimation – thin crusts, mixed on curdled milk and hastily parched on a frying pan with onions and cracknels. By the way, classic Poltava recipe of halushky provides for meat or chicken filling – not cottage cheese dough we are accustomed to: such halushky were called “lazy” and cast a slur on reputation of a cook. Our ancestors had a sneak peak at varenyky, anthemized by Gogol, and borrowed them from Turks to replace a not-too-popular lamb with cabbage, cottage cheese and champignons fillings; and in Ternopilska Oblast they make hrechanycky (“hrechka” is Ukrainian for buckwheat) filled with red-hot buckwheat.Photo static.relax.ua

For better accessibility challenging meat dishes are consumed with vegetable garnishes – beet-rout, cabbage, turnip, radish, cucumbers and tomatoes. Classic example can be pechenya – pork stew with cracknels and vegetables, baked either in potties or bread plates. In Zakarpattya you’ll be offered a chowpent – ham or brisket with barley, beans and paprika. Potatoes, on the other hand, never managed to become second bread for Ukrainians: even mashed potatoes are recommended to be seasoned with beans, peas, sauerkraut or grated carrot. In Halicia they cook chinakhy this way – smoked pork ribs, layered with ground beans and baked potatoes.

See also: 10 facts about Ukraine

Ukraine adopted affection for chopped meat through Polland from Germany. On holidays ladies try to serve as many delicacies as possible: tenderized rolled steaks “kruchenyky” with cabbage, mushroom or cottage cheese filling, sichenyky – flatbread made of chopped meat or vegetables, twisted rolls zavyvantsi, homemade sausages and blood sausage. In western regions one can also try kendyukh – young pig’s stomach filled with chopped meat.Photo delonghi.com

Ukrainian native gastronomy will come as no disappointment to sweet teeth, too, for whom no feast is a pleasure without some desert. In summer season of sweet varenyky with cherries, honey and poppy seeds comes while long winter evenings are prettified with cookies, syrnyky – cottage cheese pancakes, verhuny –Ukrainian angel wings, and slozhenyky – egg pancakes with cream. While having dear guests, welcoming hosts are sure to take the advantage and serve a favorite liqueur on fragrant herbs, pungent horilka with pepper for a men’s heart-to-heart talk or a balmy cherry liqueur for beautiful ladies.

Cover photo kievcheckin.com

It will be interesting:
If you have 10 dollars and you are in Lviv
OUTLOOK, though by all means being an international and cosmopolitic project, so today we will talk about how you can spend $10 in one of the brightest Ukrainian cities - in Lviv.
What do they eat: Kyrgyzstan
With the passage of time, people in this country have not ceased to amaze guests with their mentality and thoughtful approach to cooking of homemade meals. Salty tea, sour soups, snacks from horse meat - a bold combination of products and flavours defy culinary clichés, thus creating gourmet masterpiece delighting indigenous population and surprising visitors to the valley of the Celestial Mountains.
What do they eat: Portugal
Having been to Portugal, at the very edge of Europe, the OUTLOOK could not help paying attention to the local cuisine. Read below about gastronomical predilections of residents and tourists of this once one of the greatest empires in the world.
OUTLOOK: for the Day of Independence of Ukraine...
Today in honor of Independence Day of Ukraine OUTLOOK prepared interesting stories about sites that are in UNESCO world heritage list ! We want not only to see beauty of foreign cultures and places of interest but also to pay attention on Ukrainian ones!!!
What do they eat: Latvia
It is commonly believed that Latvia is all about Riga’s seashore, ancient cozy cities and perfect climate. All of it is true, but somehow many forget local cuisine. Having visited the country, Outlook cannot but share a story of delicious and sometimes very unusual dishes.
What do they eat: Greece
Traditional Greek cuisine is full of paradoxes. The menu of Greek taverns contradicts all the laws of healthy eating: the descendants of the Hellenes loved fried meat, sheep cheese and sweets, dine late, honor the god Dionysus - and remain slim and fit up to having gray hair. Do not be afraid to make a mistake when counting calories: national Greek dishes - a joy for body and soul!
What do they eat: Peru
Today Iya Zaitseva shares her impressions of Peruvian cuisine that is rightfully considered one of the most diverse and delicious in the world. The word is that even meticulous researchers from Guinness World Records lost count when including Peruvian cuisine as the richest in terms of number of dishes.
GDIP celebrates its 27th anniversary and the Diplomats offer congratulations!
On May 16, 2019, Embroidery Day and the 27th anniversary of the founding of the State Enterprise “Directorate-General for Rendering Services to Diplomatic Missions” were celebrated at the Kyiv National Academic Operetta Theatre.
What do they eat: Malaysia
It is easier to try teasing odor of Malay cuisine than to describe it. Give a shot at throwing into a boiling kettle a thimbleful of India and a pinch of China, spice it up with pungent infusion of Indonesia and sultry spirit of Morocco, add a couple of drops of Siam and stew on slow fire for several hundred years watching scattering of Portuguese influence melt in checkered amalgam of culinary traditions of peoples of Malaysia – and you will taste bliss.
Charitable dance. Foreign diplomats attended the annual ball in the IIR
The Institute of International Relations of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and personally the director Valerii Kopiika invited everyone to support the student initiative of the Charity Ball IIR-2019.
Life on water: 7 little-known Venice competitors
When we hear about "water city", Venice immediately comes to mind, doesn’t it? Tranquil gondolas, narrow waterways, gentle light of the evening sun and ancient architecture create that heady romantic cocktail which attracts tourists from all over the world to the Italian city.
The most stunning flower fields in the world
Flower fields and valleys are impressive and attract attention of the most discerning connoisseurs of beauty. Multi-coloured deposits of fragrant plants adorn vast valleys of almost every country, in the most distant parts of the world. We offer several options for such floral carpets for every taste.
Wives of foreign diplomats attended the lecture dedicated to Ukrainian traditions
On Wednesday, April 9, 2019, on the initiative and organizational support of the SE "Directorate General for Rendering Services for Diplomatic Missions", the international women's club ASCK in the National Centre of Folk Culture "Museum of Ivan Gonchar" a lecture dedicated to the traditional Ukrainian women's dress was held.
Ukrainian gardens of Babylon
Have you ever noticed how parks attrack us when it gets warmer outside? And what happens when you suddenly get there? Time stands still, something starts pulsating inside you, and your body seems to plant out fresh sprouts. OUTLOOK encourages you to visit the most beautiful arboreta of Ukraine, which you will exit feeling double alive.
In search of gastronomic Eldorado
I admit, this is not an easy topic - to describe the kitchen, which has recently become the main one for me. Now I live in Ecuador and have not tasted cabbage rolls, dumplings and even black bread for a long time. Although, I confess, I cooked borsch several times. Someone else's kitchen initially surprises, then becomes cloying and only at the third stage of acquaintance with it, begins to open its secrets.
Museums that cure
“I’d like some headache elixir, mandrake root extract, heart pills and a bit of morphine, please…” – this is about how patients addressed pharmacists a couple hundred years ago. They, in turn, were preparing various magmas and mixtures in pharmacological laboratories situated as near as in the next room. Sure, nowadays technologies have significantly advanced, “remedy stores” fit in kiosks while drug-containing medicines cannot be bought without prescription…
History of the street: Dmytro Yavornytsky Avenue
With this feature on the main street of Dnipro, Dmytro Yavornytsky Avenue, we continue our rubric, dedicated to the history of differnt streets. Dmytro Yavornytsky Avenue is not just a central and most important street of Dnipro in every respect – it is also the picture of the many-centuries-long history of the city.
Know Ukrainians: Serge Lifar
In the childhood a famous Frenchman from Ukraine was a blue-eyed dreamer. Once all his dreams came true. Whatever he wanted, everything was easy, as if luck was following him. HBe was singing in the choir, he made his best at artistic talent - and, finally, he succeeded in ballet.
Visit of diplomats to the city of Ostroh
This Saturday, on February 23, 2019, Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of foreign states, representatives of diplomatic missions, international organizations, the State Affairs Department of the President of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited the city of Ostroh, the centre of origin and development of Ukrainian Education, at organizational support and participation of the Directorate-General for Rendering Services to Diplomatic Missions together with the National University of Ostroh Academy.
Diplomatic reception on the occasion of the national holiday of the Republic of Serbia
On February 13, a solemn ceremony took place on the occasion of the main national holiday of Serbia - Statehood Day which marks the official level since 2001 and marks the Day of the beginning of the Serbian Revolution against the Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Close
Outlook facebook page