RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Hero of the Day from Champagne Province

Hero of the Day from Champagne Province

Автор: 04.08.2014 | traditions, France, world cuisine
Monks know a thing or two about alcohol - no joke here. A Frenh Benedictine Pierre Perignon from Abbey of Hautvillers on August, 4, 1668 thought of adding carbon doxixe to grape juice. This was how a drink known to us as champagne emerged.

However the sparkling beverage's official birthday had yet to be awaited because back in the times a rare container suited the drink's bottling. Pressure inside a bottle equaled 6.3 kg per square centimeter which isalmost three times higher than in a car tire! Only as late as in 1800 a pharmacist - history retains a memory of him as of Francois de Chalone - invented modern solid bottle made of dark glass.

Sparkling profile:

Speedof a cork flying out of the bottle is 14 meters per second with its hieght reaching 12 metrs.

Wire that holds a cork is called muselet and it has standard length of 52 cm.

A bottle contains about 200-250 million bubbles on average. It is exactly the ability to keep bubbling for ten hours after being uncorked that determines qualityof champagne to a large extent.

Experts recommend women not to drink champagne while wearing lipstick because it contains substances that stifle certain taste properties of the beverage.

Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, not only regulated lives of millions of people after World War I, but also regulated use of the word 'champagne'. In compliance with the agreement, it could only have been applied to wine produced in the province of Champagne. Nevertheless, in many countries, for instance, in USA and USSR, legislation had loopholes allowing producers to turn a blind eye to the rules.

According to sugar contents the beverage is divided into: brut (up to 0,3%), extra dry (3%), sec (5%), demi-sec (8%) and doux (10%). There are other kinds of 'extras'. Extra brut, for instance - no sugar is added to it at all.

It is hard to imagine car races without champagne and pedestals with its spraying. The first one to "congratulate" his opponents as well as broader public with finish this way was Dan Gurney. He won "24 Hours of Le Man" marathon in 1967... to get a bottle of our sparkling 'hero of the day' from orchestrators. Since then this tradition has been scrupulously observed even during competitions in Islamic countries - special alcohol-free fizzy drinks are made for the occasion.

Grapes for champagne production has to be either white (Chardonay) or red ( Pino noir or Pino Meunier ). It is customary to gather it when acidity level is higher than sweetness level. By the way, in the province of Champagne maximum allowed harvest constitutes 13 tons per hectar - it is forbidden to gather more for beverage production due to inevitable quality loss.

Foil that crowns a bottle's neck wasn't there in the first place to appear only in 19th century and its initial purpose wasn't beauty at all. It was aimed at scarying rats that used to scurry around vaults and drop bottles.

Hussars and movie heros liked and still like to impress ladies by opening a bottle with a sabre or by making a cork pop spectacularly. Nevertheless, should taste qualities be of more importance to you, our advice is not to follow their lead. Open a container as 'quite' as possible and the sparkling one won't lose carbon dioxide. It is considered to be really classy if the sound of an opening bottle reminds a whisper or an inhale. Make sure yourself!

Вам это будет интересно:
On the Move. Street food from around the world. Part 2
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
Le Grand Louvre
First exhibition of paintings in the world’s most visited museum the Louvre was opened on 1793. But its building was well-known far beyond France, though the edifice was not used with such lofty cultural purposes.
Yodel - Music of the Austrian mountains
Austrian tour operators launched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fans of singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place...
Truth in grain or Polish style coffee
France, Italy and Venice - these names were chosen by foreigners for their restaurants, which gave a grounding for coffee biography of Poland. Residents of the country became one of the first in Eastern Europe gourmets who appreciated taste and flavor of the unusual drink. Only a few were aware of the fact that a new source of pleasure was produced from fruit of the tree once grown in Ethiopia in the wild.
We were there: Le Mans is the untouchable charm of old France
Anton Sak moved to France so as to get high education. He has been studying at Chemistry Faculty of Le Mans Université. Today he will tell us about Le Mans, the wonderful old French city with the special brightness. It is unknown for tourists; however, it is the interesting destination in the route of avid traveler.
Blood. Money. Feather
This entertainment is strictly forbidden in almost all countries of the world. But lovers of cockfights do not stop. Partly illegal competitions always gather full halls or courtyards, depending on the fact where the deadly bird fights are. Spectators literally savor the way the birds tear each other to shreds, without showing pity for themselves and their rivals.
Boat instead of shopping basket: Famous floating markets
Stores, shopping malls, markets - all these places are an integral part of daily goings-on of almost every person on our planet. It would seem there is nothing special about them: they are all alike, just goods and prices vary depending on country or city. In fact, it is not quite true since some markets are only accessible via waterways. Our today’s story is about them.
White gold of Tianxia. Chinese porcelain
The civilization of ancient China was one of the first to discover porcelain. It is established that back in II millennium BC the firing temperature of pottery found in the Yellow River was close to 1200 ° C. According to some researchers, the invention of porcelain was dictated by the desire to find a replacement for greenstone and jade.
Normandy through the eyes of Korney Gritciuk. Part 3
With this article OUTLOOK completes the cycle of travel writing about the French Normandy. After Deauville and Cherbourg-Octeville we invite you to the main place of the northern part of this great country - the city of Rouen.
Visa is useless: Where tourists are not allowed
Perhaps, everyone who is going to plunge into fun holiday has already planned spectacular routes and scenic spots. In order not to spoil your trip and not to see gates to the desired gateway closing right in front of your nose, we encourage you to read our selection of locations forbidden for visits.
On the Move. Street food from around the world
Experienced tourists believe that one of the best sure-fire ways to quickly tune into the beat of another culture is to try local food. In order not to be at a loss when choosing dishes and save precious time for spiritual food, Outlook gives you selective advice on street gastronomy from seven spots of the globe.
Holy beauty! What are the most famous abbeys in the world hiding?
What do you imagine when you hear the word "abbey"? I'm sure most people will first of all think of Westminster. But what if I said that in fact it is no longer an abbey? So what makes these medieval buildings so special? Let's look at the example of buildings from different European countries.
Normandy through the eyes of Korney Gritciuk. Part 2
OUTLOOK continues to share impressions of the French Normandy. In our previous article Kornei Gritsyuk shared about his trip to Deauville. Now it is turn for Cherbourg or Cherbourg-Octeville. Double name of the city appeared in the early 2 000 when Cherbourg merged with Octeville...
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 3. “Samurai Spirit”
If what they show in cinematograph is true than a typical samurai appears to be austere, taciturn and even slightly unsociable person. But this image in actual fact doesn’t get in line with reality... You don’t believe it? Our journalist Elena Rasenko suggests you make sure of it for yourself.
Normandy through the eyes of Korney Gritciuk. Part 1
For many tourists France is mainly Paris with long queues to the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, as well as neighbouring sights with royal chic, or Mediterranean resorts. But OUTLOOK author while travelling through the country decided to go to the north, to Normandy! Our readers are welcome to read series of travel essays about a journey to the Atlantic Ocean by Kornei Gritsyuk...
Mandala Therapy
Yesterday I created a Universe. I took some peas, rice, buckwheat, millet, black and white pepper seeds and cardamom. Grabbed a handful of coffee and aniseeds. Then it all acquired a centre. It kept growing and calming my thoughts. When the last seed landed in the circle, I felt forgotten harmony again, heard birds singing through the noise of cars on the avenue...
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 2 “Fish Day”
It is just as hard to imagine a Japanese who doesn’t eat fish as to picture a Scott who doesn’t drink whiskey. OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko will tell you about a unique place where successors of samurai purchase fine seafood for their tables.
Desperate Futurism: Japan. Part 1
OUTLOOK journalist Elena Rasenko came back from Japan and launches a special series of articles devoted to this country. Warning for very sensitive readers: Beware! After reading, you will get a keen desire to break away, buy a ticket and fly to such a marvelous and fascinating Land of the Rising Sun!
Thailand handcraft: From silk to pearls
Have you ever thought how many grains of history are stored in each item sold at little booths in Thailand? Yet, strolling along those souvenir stalls you are browsing craft records of the whole nation, briefly looking through notes survived from a thousand years ago to the present day. Some pages have thinned to transparency, but marks did preserve their former accuracy.
Ecuador: To be an indian
Our journalist came back from Ecuador with unique experience and we share it with you. For the first time I was suspected of drug trafficking. Alone, in the country where there is no Ukrainian Embassy, I was standing and feverishly figuring out if someone could plant something on me on the way to the airport.
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page