Summer is the best time not only to master new means of sports but also challenge own health and take some serious risk. This means, you can venture to try even such an uneasy game as American football. Before taking a deep plunge into thrilling adrenaline rush, OUTLOOK brings to your notice some theory and interesting facts about the New World’s main hobby.
According to official “legend”, American football springs from British rugby that accidentally emerged in 1823. The word is that during one of football games in the city of Rugby a boy called William Webb Ellis grabbed the ball with his hands for some reason and ran across the whole ground, virtuously getting away from every player who attempted to take the tool from him and get back to competition. Both sportsmen and audience got so impressed with this run that in merely several years the British were playing with both arms and legs. And it was them who brought the game to the United States where the first official match is believed to be the one of 1869 between Princeton and Rudgers Universities.
American football has always been not only spectacular but also very high-injury. On top of that, statistics of deaths in this sport is horrifying therefore they even attempted to forbid it in 20th century; even Presidents of the United States interfered with the case. But people managed asserting favorite amusement. Nevertheless, it was after Roosevelt had put his finger into it in 1939, when it became forbidden to hold games without sportsmen wearing protective uniforms. Unfortunately, till now it is American football that accounts for 46% of deaths in all kinds of sport.
Due to high intensity and constant injuries, over fifty players can sit on the bench, ready to enter the game any minute. On the field itself 11 players in each team compete.
A game’s “pure” time constitutes 60 minutes. But because of technical shifts and substitutions matches extend for 2-3 hours.
To say that in the USA American football is Sport #1 is to say nothing. About one third of the population, according to social studies, consider themselves to be fans of the game. Remaining two hundred million people have nothing else to do but to watch competitions to join the crowd. Exceptional hype is caused by Super Bowl – the final in which two best teams of own conferences meet. In 1985 this enormous event coincided with inauguration of Ronald Reagan. Surprising as it may sound it was the White House that had to shift the date.
Till 1970 two leagues functioned in the country. When they conciliated their differences to unite into a single one, a joke was popular in America that this event could have been compared to hypothetical merger of Catholic and Orthodox churches.
In 1990s several independent companies decided to undertake a study of Americans-buying-food issue. It turned out that before Super Bowl supermarkets are emptied almost as much as before Thanksgiving.
To sing the anthem before the final or entertain audience during a break is a dream of as nearly as every Western musician. In their due time such an honor was granted to these legendary performers: U2, Sting, Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones, Prince, Bruce Springsteen, The Who and The Black Eyed Peas.
National Football League is the world’s wealthiest sports organization. The lion’s share of its revenues comes from selling commercial time during the final and play-off games. In late stages of the championship in order to demonstrate a 30-second-long commercial video, willing ones lay out from 3 to 4 million dollars. Important thing is that political campaigning is forbidden – no matter how much money is offered.
Words NFL, Super Bowl and Super Sunday are registered trade marks therefore they can only be used upon coordination with the Federation – that also adds millions to its accounts.
After the legendary Frenchman Jacques-Yves Cousteau and his colleagues invented and perfected self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, scuba diving firmly entered the list of the most popular, but unfortunately, unsafe hobbies. OUTLOOK warns and talks about the most extreme places to do scuba diving.
Marketing gurus and restaurateurs are enterprising and ready to do anything to increase flow of visitors to their food courts. Quite often, their methods of "flirting" with the public are the same, interior designs and menus are not much different. So, we have collated for you the world’s wackiest, weirdest, out-of-this-world dining establishments.
Despite ongoing development of air transport, many people across the Earth still love to travel by train for various reasons. Though the majority of passengers associate trains with a rather slow way to travel compared with airplanes, and are concerned with low comfort which can be still at the level of last century, reading through our selection below...
There are many things that we can learn from citizens of the United States but what deserves special respect is love to their land. Patriotism of Americans manifests itself in everything, even in internal tourism - without having properly explored own country, an American would hardly travel anywhere outside its territory. Today we tell about one of the most popular internal tourism towns - about Leavenworth.
For 1 month spring has been reining our planet, now just watch warm coats to change for thin jackets, cold and mediocrity for the bright sun. And, of course, what sort of spring it could be without green trees and beautiful flowers? Well, in order to make your expectation of long-awaited colours and flavours less agonizing...
Upon watching movies about Wild West in America, more than one generation of children dragged their parents towards horses nearby a circus to try on well-loved characters and feel that very atmosphere for a minute. However that minute has always seemed way to short for me. Therefore, when I grew up, I headed to Colorado State to work on a real-life horse guest ranch called Sundance.
How many kinds of tourism are there? Gastro, ecotourism, shopping — there are probably as many varieties of them as travelers themselves — everyone choose what they want. Today we talk about people visiting places that have become locations for shoting famous movies.
In this day and age, it is difficult to surprise anyone, especially an urban resident, with some large department store or market, since nowadays one can buy everything from a humble convenience store next door. However, the iconic bazaars and flea markets are still operating across the globe, they are famous in legends and described with delight.
Flower fields and valleys are impressive and attract attention of the most discerning connoisseurs of beauty. Multi-coloured deposits of fragrant plants adorn vast valleys of almost every country, in the most distant parts of the world. We offer several options for such floral carpets for every taste.
What is it that characterizes any nation without much words and long explanations? Dances, of course, because it is these movements, refined over centuries, that can tell a foreigner about other peoples much more than thick history books. If you carefully watch and feel the way people dance in different countries, their mind set will become much more comprehensible. And these aren’t mere words.
There’s hardly anything that compares to bright-starred sky and silence. It is the stars that OUTLOOK want to tell you about or more precisely about the places with the best view on them. In Europe it is recommended to go stargazing not to some place but to… Slovenia. Point is, this small country is one of the cleanest in the world and consequently isn’t that polluted with smog.
Each state has its own official symbols: flag, coat of arms and anthem. But in addition to the traditional "identification mark" there are symbols chosen by people, for instance, a favourite bird. It is about them OUTLOOK expands below. To register the people's love by document, in 1960 in Tokyo at the International Conference on the Protection of Birds was created the concept of "national bird".
Each of us wants to escape rush of a city from time to time and lie low somewhere far from everything and anything. And it better be a place where one can listen to whisper of waves, feel light breeze and forever make friends with inimitably loud silence that muffles every disturbing thought…
Treehouses, dug-outs and secret shelters – all the things we used to build when children. Unfortunately, as we grow older, fantasy fades and most of us now live in uncomfortable grey “boxes”. However, there are people who have created dwellings of their dreams by themselves.
Even being adults, sometimes we are able to bring to life the children’s fantasies, see the stories from childish dreams, and embody what has seemed to be the fairytale. Have you ever dreamt of being in the whale’s chaps? Just imagine that you were swollen by the giant fish, and you were living there for a long time, looked at it inside, settled down there, swam and dived there?
Impressions of this city depend much on what you have visited before being introduced to it. After Los Angeles it may seem very business-like and culturally rich, after New York – provincial and old-fashioned somehow. In any case, it has a bright and memorable face of a gentleman from Massachusetts.
Many city dwellers are irritated by cats, dogs or even pigeons in the streets. Attempts of zoo-advocates to save them from attacks of people and from starvation are mainly ineffective. But there are wonderful cities in this world where people perfectly coexist with deer, peacocks and cattle…
For certain reasons there are two capitals in America – official and actual. Context manager from Kyiv Bohdan Yanchev visited them both and told us about spirits of these cities, about their landmarks and about what they represent in reality. If you think that New York is imbued with expensive perfumes and there is nothing else to do in Washington but to lie on a lawn by the White House – you are wrong!
Next ‘character’ of our cycle about symbolic means of public transport is yellow cab of New York. It is impossible to imagine the Big Apple and especially its centre, Manhattan, without those bright and incredibly handy cars. Seemingly, there are more “checkers” than people.
Till the beginning of 2019 there is little time that’s why in case one hasn’t decided yet where and how to celebrate the most popular holiday on our planet, OUTLOOK offers the list of the brightest cities for the celebration. There all the wishes and dreams will, definitely, come true!