RU  UK  EN
Статьи  >  Imagine  >  Twelve guises of South Korea

Twelve guises of South Korea

Автор: 20.05.2021 | art, traditions, South Korea
Only dancing and wearing mask, Korean peasants were able to express their disgust towards rudeness or greed of the hosts or apply to some deity with extraordinary request. Keeping anonymity, the people played out the scenes from life, cried, and laughed. At the end of the performance the destiny awarded the good characters and punished villains.

In Korea people love street plays. Professional theaters and amateur teams use masks in the performances. Koreans have a soul-gripping attitude towards this attribute or drama and satire. Usual masks are created from the cardboard or pumpkin. Only special masks that have been used on the semi-island since old times are produced from the wood. They are called hakhve, in honor of the village where they appeared for the first time.

Their story is shrouded in mystery. It is said that sometimes in the village of Hakhve a terrible illness took lives of children and adults. No medicine helped. Then, one of the local had a dream, where the deity ordered him to cut out of the tree twelve masks, as a panacea for the sickness. Waking up, that man isolated in the mountains and began to embody the will of the gods. He worked day and night avoiding prying eyes. But, as the legend says, a curious girl somehow crept up to him and he ... died, not being able to finish one of the masks. That is why in the modern collection of hakhve, one of the masks lacks a chin. However, and this was enough for the disease to recede. The village was saved.adfgafrg.jpgPhoto static.thousandwonders.net

Since then, almost a thousand years have passed, and in the village of Hakhve still carefully carve the masks of the aristocrat, the bride, the monk, the fool, the scientist, the concubine, the slave, the old woman and the murderer. In total there are nine heroes. Their tempers are strictly prescribed and the roles are predetermined. This means that if the actor wears a mask of the bride, then she is shy and taciturn. If he tries on the mask of an aristocrat, he is greedy, vain and prone to excess. The murderer is always bloodthirsty and mean. However, sometimes in the presentation add three more masks - the old man, tax collector and bachelor. Actors with closed faces play quite everyday scenes. In them there is violence, farming life, relationships between people of different estates, family strife.4848481071_dd0bc72a1b_b.jpgPhoto flickr.com

All masks are very characteristic. They are quite voluminous and heavy. Let’s take an aristocrat. This is one of the most famous masks, which is often depicted on souvenir products. She has a wide nose, curved eyebrows and a jaw running on the ropes. From this it seems that the mask is able to smile broadly at good-natured, and sometimes angrily roll. If necessary, the modern minions of Melpomene paint the mask of this hero in black and white colors. This means that the aristocrat is not pure blood, and if it is painted with red dots, it means that the master is sick. A concubine is always a bright make-up, an oval face and a small mouth. She rarely speaks in plays, but she is always very coquettish with the main character, does massage to him and combs her long curls. Men in the play often compete for her attention and get into ridiculous situations. A mask of a scientist is always done with bulging eyes, thus wanting to show that he reads a lot. His nose is wrinkled, because he's always thinking about something. As a rule, this character comes into confrontation with an aristocrat. Brightly negative - a monk. He left the monastery and now does not resist any human desire. He pursues women, tries to deceive the commoner and always comes into dispute with the scientist. The mask of a fool has no lower jaw. It was her legend, the master did not have time to finish before his death. This character is always good-natured, a little ugly, and his dance resembles the walk of a lame person. A fool does not do evil, but often he himself becomes a victim of a conspiracy. In order for the actors to get used to the roles better, on the eve of the presentation they are treated like with their characters. For example, in relation to those who enter the stage in the mask of an aristocrat - all are ceremonious. During the action, actors are not easy. They bounce, move on widely spaced legs with inverted socks, actively wave their head and try to convey the character of their character using a minimum of speech.masks-140580.jpgPhoto koreaproductpost.com

Every year in the village of Hakhve, which is three hours drive from the capital, there is a festival of masks, to see which come crowds of tourists. The performances in masks of Khakhv combine oral text, songs and dances, have elements of shamanistic rituals and are very popular with the audience. Their fame led to the title of national treasure in Korea. Recently, the traditional spectacle made an innovation. Visitors coming to the festival can choose the topic they want to see the show themselves. Others, under the supervision of masters, personally make one of the twelve masks of Hakhve. Koreans believe these faces protect their owners from evil spirits and protect them from disease.

Cover photo blog.onedaykorea.com

Вам это будет интересно:
Kamasan: Village of masterpieces in Bali
Bali is one of the most popular places to spend winter. Ocean, volcanoes, amazing nature and exotic fruits... But there is also one more reason that not many people know of, yet it definitely deserves attention: Kamasan, a unique art village where namesake Balinese picture art was conceived – as ancient as the island itself. We are going to tell about it today on the pages of the OUTLOOK.
Yodel - Music of the Austrian mountains
Austrian tour operators launched an unusual touristic tourdesigned for fans of singing style called yodel. Hikers wander through the Ziller Valley, a broad trail narrows opening the way for only the most avid travellers, then track leads upwards. Tourists look into the interactive station shaped as a giantsonorous walk-in cowbell, then they go around thelargest alpine horn and head to place...
Your breakfast, Sir! How people start their day around the world
A mini toast, a slice of cheese and a sip of strong coffee. "That is not a buffet!" a waiter will pronounce indignantly, looking at the disgruntled tourist’s face. The generous Ukrainian soul cannot understand how locals manage to eat their full with that. Therefore, before going to a new country, you need to know exactly whether in the evening you should prepare a couple of sandwiches to indulge them in the morning,...
Malanka and Vasyl winter fun: Carnival in Ukrainian style
The New Year in Ukraine did not always start with a Christmas tree, and instead of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, guests were waiting fora minx girl - Malanka and motor-boy Vasyl accompanied by the retinue. All the follies were out of hand: the ridiculed riddles carried a sacred content, dictated by the logic of the myth of the duel of spring and winter.
Christmas Eve and What’s to Follow
Christmas arrives with a warm overjacket on its shoulders. At night it brings warm light of the first evening star and in the morning it wakes you up with shine of white but warm sun. If my great-grandmonther’s grandmother had been asked about her Christmas feelings, I believe, her words would have been identical to mine. Because together with a bowl of kutia,...
Mulled wine: Yummy way to keep warm
Vitamins, development of resistance to cold, correct day regimen... That's all good and useful, especially when the winter weather swirls in, but sometimes we all have to pamper ourselves and at the same time to be protected against germs and colds. And the best way to do it is to sip some mulled wine.
Eskimo igloo: It is easy as a pie to build castles in ...snow
A little son came to his father and suggested to run away from mom and granny to the North Pole? Now, do not indulge into tragic speeches of severe frosts, pitch darkness of the polar night and hungry polar bears! Give a conspiracy wink to a little brave one, and give him a real man's job for his school winter holidays that is to learn how to build an igloo, night shelter in ever-frost lands.
Glass Handmade
Exclusive glass vases and Christmas tree decorations that only exist in one or two samples, aside from high price, most often also have in common unique production technology that is mastered by representatives of a rare profession – glass-blower. The history of the craft has lasted for a couple of millennia with some old secrets of handmade production still kept under seal.
Handicraft: persian carpets
In those days when the Persian soldiers were second to none, and both the Roman Empire and the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by their power, skilful fingers of winner nation craftswomen created their first masterpiece. The carpet called The Springtime passed into history as the most precious of all time. It symbolized powerful rule of the Persians, and its beauty told about the divine origin of the king Khosrow I.
Don’t break the tongue: The hardest languages in the world
It is said, the easier it is, the better we feel, however, is it always like that? We know that not all the nations follow this principle. OUTLOOK has found out the strangest, toughest and hard in articulation international languages and would like to share it with the readers.
What do they eat: Rome’s cuisine
OUTLOOK often tells about the kitchens of the peoples around the world, but when it comes to Italy, writing about the country should be a crime. Each of its twenty regions has its own culinary world with the subtleties and specialties. Let the title of gastronomic capital of Italy be Bologna, its official capital - Rome, too, has something to boast about. We are telling you what is remarkable about Roman cuisine...
A jewelry approach to perfection
Behind the window sad eyes of old man peered at Petrograd engulfed by revolutionary fire. This fire spread on his life's work: a proud four-story building was invaded by noisy commissioners and sailors, whose presence seemed a cruel joke after regular customers. Workshop owner Carl Gustavovich Fabergé, apparently, noticed in this chaos approaching decay of his career. However, he could have a secret gleam of hope for another life of his heritage.
All the big things start with the small ones: Art-projects of enthusiasts
Many places, famous around the globe today, were created by a bunch of enthusiasts without money or outside help. These people lived for their ideas and were doing everything to turn them into reality. Official date of street art appearance is believed to be year 1942, fervor of World War II.
Shadows in Paradise: The way modern art surprises the Lovers of the unconventional
A borderline between the shadow and the light is just as contrasting as the one between the dream and the reality. Therefore artists use both things in pursuit of balance on a painting. Landscapes, portraits and still-life… nothing ever goes without the clash of the opposites. However there are particularly crafty artisans who do not need light at all.
Kabuki: thorny path of flower
Traditional Japanese kabuki theatre has always been a mystery to the European mentality: only an expert on the culture of the Land of the Rising Sun can understand a play without guide’s tips. The word kabuki is sometimes translated as "the art of singing and dancing". Why not an operetta? The essence of performance is not confined to musical presentation only...
Sacred animals of the Incas
Our "Peruvian cycle" is replenished with the story of the most revered animals in Peru. Being the link between the present and the past, they play an important role in the life of this nation. Wise ancestors of the modern Peruvians, the ancient Incas, were living in harmony with all life that surrounded them.
On the Move. Street food from around the world. Part 2
Do you happen to get hungry? That is great as we go on with our story about the most popular street food from around the world. It’s freshly cooked - fall to, you guys! Let's start with the South Asian countries, namely Singapore - seafood-rich in vitamins and minerals occupy a key place in the diet of residents ...
Art of Patrick Cabral: paper as a symbol of fragility of our world
Independent artist originally from the Philippines, Patrick Cabral conquers the world with his unusual artwork. His creations are an innovation that combines the age-old traditions of calligraphy and cutting-edge 3D technologies. His art is a way to change the world for the better, both through aesthetics and through the fulfillment of a social mission.
On the Move. Street food from around the world
Experienced tourists believe that one of the best sure-fire ways to quickly tune into the beat of another culture is to try local food. In order not to be at a loss when choosing dishes and save precious time for spiritual food, OUTLOOK gives you selective advice on street gastronomy from seven spots of the globe.
Rice fields: Grains of unbelievable beauty
- Do you want to try some rice? - such a question is greeted by guests in China. And if the owners are also farmers, they can invite you on an unusual excursion and show you the masterpiece of natural art. The grass which we often eat without thinking about its aesthetics, at the time of growing resembles a blanket woven from multi-colored rags ...
Закрыть
Outlook facebook page